Buddhism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 332 pages of information about Buddhism.
This section contains 9,444 words
(approx. 32 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Buddhism Encyclopedia Article

A Hybrid of Chinese and Foreign

Both in its origin and later development, Buddhism in China constituted a mixture of foreign and native elements. The first Buddhists in China were immigrants. Before entering the Chinese Empire ruled by the Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE), they grew up in lands to the west: parts of India ruled by the Kushan dynasty (an Indo-Scythian ethnic group, called Yuezhi in Chinese, that ruled from 128 BCE to 450 CE), and smaller Central Asian kingdoms like Parthia and Sogdiana. The texts they memorized, or in some cases carried with them, were composed in Sanskrit, forms of prakrit, or other Indo-Iranian languages of the Silk Road. When these travelers first arrived in Dunhuang (modern Gansu province, China), the westernmost garrison town in Chinese territory, and proceeded to the capital city of Luoyang (Henan province), they probably could not speak Chinese. Before they developed proficiency...

(read more)

This section contains 9,444 words
(approx. 32 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Buddhism Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Encyclopedia of Religion
Buddhism from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook