Brahman - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Brahman.
This section contains 1,998 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
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Etymology

Notwithstanding many and various attempts to establish the linguistic derivation of brahman, the question remains unsettled. The old equation with Latin flamen has been vigorously and repeatedly championed by Georges Dumézil. Louis Renou suggests derivation from the root barh (or brah), which would mean to speak in riddles. Jan Gonda wants to derive brahman from the root bṛh ("to be strong"), a view that he finds supported by the ancient Indian exegetes and that has the advantage of bringing together the two largely interchangeable Vedic divinities Bṛhaspati and Brahmaṇaspati. Paul Thieme, rejecting Gonda's reliance on traditional Indian exegesis, starts from a basic meaning of "form(ing), formulation" and pleads for connecting it with Greek morphē. These, as well as other proposed etymologies, run into formal or semantic difficulties. Much depends on the view...

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This section contains 1,998 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Brahman Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Brahman from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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