Behavior Modification - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 3 pages of information about Behavior Modification.
This section contains 869 words
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A treatment approach, based on the principles of operant conditioning, that replaces undesirable behaviors with more desirable ones through positive or negative reinforcement.

Behavior modification is based on the principles of operant conditioning, which were developed by American behaviorist B.F. Skinner (1904-1990). In his research, he put a rat in a cage later known as the Skinner Box, in which the rat could receive a food pellet by pressing on a bar. The food reward acted as a reinforcement by strengthening the rat's bar-pressing behavior. Skinner studied how the rat's behavior changed in response to differing patterns of reinforcement. By studying the way the rats "operated on" their environment, Skinner formulated the concept of operant conditioning, through which behavior could be shaped by reinforcement or lack of it. Skinner considered his discovery applicable to a wide range of both human and animal behaviors and introduced...

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This section contains 869 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Behavior Modification Encyclopedia Article
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Gale
Behavior Modification from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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