Australia - Research Article from Governments of the World

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Australia.
This section contains 3,464 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
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Constitutional Design

Australia became a nation in 1901 when the people of the self-governing British colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Tasmania, and Western Australia agreed to unite in "one indissoluble Federal Commonwealth under the Crown." The creation of a nation was the culmination of a decade of constitutional conventions, in which popularly elected delegates drafted a constitution that was ratified by popular referendum before being passed into law by the British parliament. The constitution preserved the separate colonies as states, with their established institutions of responsible parliamentary government adapted from Westminster, and it added a new tier of national, or commonwealth, government.

In its federal system, which enumerated particular powers of the new commonwealth government while preserving the rest for the states, and in the structures of the new commonwealth government—a bicameral legislature with an equal Senate and House of Representatives and a strong...

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This section contains 3,464 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Australia Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Australia from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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