Aristotle (384-322 B.c.e.) - Research Article from Learning & Memory

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Observations and Explanations

In commenting upon memory and learning phenomena, Aristotle's fundamental distinction is between recalling information to mind and storing information, or, as he puts it, between remembering, which is "the reinstatement in consciousness of something that was there before" (451b6), and memory, "the existence, potentially, in the mind" (452a10), of an earlier perception or conception. In modern parlance, this is the distinction between remembering in the occurrent sense and remembering in the "stored" or dispositional sense. The central problems, in Aristotle's view, are to explain three things: 1. how a perception of a state of affairs can be stored, 2. how it can be brought to mind later, and 3. how it happens that, when it is brought to mind, the relation between the representation and the original state of affairs, now absent, is such that the first is a memory of the second and is...

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This section contains 1,792 words
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Buy the Aristotle (384-322 B.c.e.) Encyclopedia Article
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Learning & Memory
Aristotle (384-322 B.c.e.) from Learning & Memory. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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