Apocatastasis - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

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Apocatastasis

APOCATASTASIS. The oldest known usage of the Greek word apokatastasis (whence the English apocatastasis) dates from the fourth century BCE: it is found in Aristotle (Magna Moralia 2.7.1204b), where it refers to the restoration of a being to its natural state. During the Hellenistic age it developed a cosmological and astrological meaning, variations of which can be detected (but with a very different concept of time) in Gnostic systems and even in Christian theology, whether orthodox or heterodox, especially in the theology of Origen.

Medical, Moral, and Juridical Meaning

Plato employed the verb kathistanai in the sense of to "reestablish" to a normal state following a temporary physical alteration (Philebus 42d). The prefix apo- in apokathistanai seems to reinforce the idea of an integral reestablishment to the original situation. Such is the return of the sick person to health (Hippocrates, 1258f.; Aretaeus, 9.22). The verb has this...

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This section contains 2,095 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Apocatastasis Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan
Apocatastasis from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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