Ancient Egypt 2675-332 B.c.e.: Architecture and Design - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

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A Planned Town of the Middle Kingdom: Kahun

Pyramid Town for Senwosret Ii's Cult.

In 1889 the English archaeologist W. M. F. Petrie, the founder of scientific archaeology in Egypt, excavated the pyramid town he called Kahun. The town was located just over one kilometer from the valley temple of Senwosret II's pyramid complex at Lahun. The Egyptians built the town to house the priests, administrative personnel, and workers who maintained the cult of Senwosret II at the pyramid after his death. The texts found here reveal that the town's name was originally Hotep-Senwosret, "Senwosret is Satisfied." The town's urban planning reveals the extent of social stratification in this period and the failure of planning to meet everyone's needs.

The Town's Function.

Beyond proximity to the pyramid complex...

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