Abolitionists - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics

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Violence and Nonviolence

The post-Revolutionary antislavery movement got its start in the early 1830s and condemned slavery largely on evangelically inspired moral grounds. Although it represented a minority of the population, its cause and tactics played a significant role in the outbreak of war in 1861. By means of lecturing agents, petition drives, and a wide variety of printed materials, the American Anti-Slavery Society promoted the cause of immediate emancipation and racial equality. The targets of abolitionist efforts, the individual slaveholders and the national religious institutions, rejected antislavery appeals and attempted to suppress the abolitionist agitation by mob violence and by legal and ecclesiastical enactments.

The widespread rejection of the antislavery program forced abolitionists to reconsider their strategy. Many followed the lead of the Boston abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison and abandoned the churches as hopelessly corrupted by slavery. These Garrisonians adopted pacifist political practices and counseled Northerners to withhold their...

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Macmillan Science Library: Genetics
Abolitionists from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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