1861: Creation of the Confederacy - Research Article from American Civil War Reference Library

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 20 pages of information about 1861.
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The Crittenden Compromise

In the days and weeks immediately following the secession of South Carolina and six other Southern states, the people living in America's Northern states reacted with a mixture of anger, confusion, and surprise. Despite all the pre-election warnings that the South had delivered, many Northerners never really believed that their Southern neighbors might actually decide to leave the Union.

When it became apparent that the slave states of the Deep South were willing to make good on their threat, however, several lawmakers scrambled to bring them back into the fold. Political leaders in Virginia organized a peace convention in which representatives from twenty-one states tried—but failed—to come up with a compromise that would satisfy both sides. President James Buchanan (1791–1868) also made some half-hearted attempts to repair the damage that had been done. But Buchanan, a Democrat, blamed Lincoln...

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This section contains 5,758 words
(approx. 20 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the 1861: Creation of the Confederacy Encyclopedia Article
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American Civil War Reference Library
1861: Creation of the Confederacy from American Civil War Reference Library. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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