Mariamme was the name used by two of Herod's wives. He divorced a first wife Doris to marry Mariamme I, the daughter of Aristobulus' son Alexander at the start of his reign. Mariamme I's grandfather Hyrcanus II was an heir to the throne but accused of conspiracy and executed with her brother Jonathan. Mariamme I's five children included two girls and three boys of which one died and two were executed by Herod. She hated him for his role in killing her elder relatives as much as Herod loved her and daughters Herodias and Mariamme. Her sons, Alexander and Aristobulus conflicted with Doris' son Antipater who convinced his father Herod to kill them. Herod then killed Antipater for his role in their death. His third wife, Mariamme II, had a son also named Herod who was an heir.
The Jewish War