Notes on Objects & Places from Animal Farm

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Animal Farm Objects/Places

The barn: A meeting place for the animals. There is a raised platform on one end, lit by a lantern which hangs from a beam above it, and this is used as a kind of stage for speeches. Later the Seven Commandments are painted up on the barn wall.

'Beasts of England': A song that comes to Old Major in a dream. He remembers his mother and the other sows singing the tune and the first three words when he was young. He believes it was sung by the animals of long ago and has been lost to memory. The song is about freedom from the cruelty of humans, and the riches the animals will have when they are free.

The Rebellion: The day, predicted by Old Major, when the animals rise up to overthrow the humans and free themselves.

Animalism: The philosophy that Snowball, Napoleon and Squealer develop based on Old Major's speech. The original basic idea is that all animals are equal, and humans are their enemy.

Sugarcandy Mountain: A mysterious country where all animals go when they die. According to Moses, it is up in the sky a little way past the clouds. In Sugarcandy Mountain it is Sunday all week, clover is always in season, and lump sugar and linseed cake grow on the hedges.

Manor Farm: The original name of the farm under Mr. Jones.

Animal Farm: The name the animals give the farm when they take over.

The Seven Commandments: The basic principles of Animalism, which are painted up on the wall of the barn. Mysteriously, the Seven Commandments often seem to have changed from what the animals remember them to be.

The Flag: Made from an old green tablecloth that belonged to Mrs. Jones, with a white hoof and horn painted on it. Snowball made it, with the green to represent the green fields of England and the hoof and horn to represent the future Republic of the Animals that would be established when all humans had finally been overthrown.

The Meetings: Held every Sunday. The animals all gather in the barn, the coming week's work is planned out, resolutions are put forward (always by the pigs) and then debated and voted on. The meetings end with singing 'Beasts of England'.

Wild Comrades Re-education Committee: The object of this is to tame the rats and rabbits and other wild animals. The cat joins and is very active for some days - she is seen sitting on the roof trying to persuade a sparrow that all animals are now comrades and it can come and perch on her paw.

Foxwood: Pilkington's farm - large, old-fashioned and in a disgraceful condition due to neglect.

Pinchfield: Frederick's farm - small and well-run.

The Battle of the Cowshed: The battle that takes place when Jones tries to retake the farm - Snowball leads the animals and develops a clever plan in which they ambush the men in the cowshed and cut off their route of escape.

The Windmill: The grand project that Snowball proposes for supplying the farm with electricity. Napoleon adopts this project himself after he chases Snowball off the farm. The animals spend years building the windmill out of stone, and it is destroyed twice, but when they do eventually get it working it is used to thresh corn rather than to give them electricity.

Spontaneous Demonstrations: Held once a week. The animals leave their work, march around the farm in military formation with the pigs leading, then the horses, then cows, then sheep, then poultry, with the dogs behind and Napoleon's black cockerel at the head of all. Boxer and Clover carry a green banner marked with the hoof and horn and the slogan 'Long live Comrade Napoleon!' Afterwards there are recitations of poems in Napoleon's honor, Squealer gives a speech about how much more food is being produced, and sometimes the gun is fired. The sheep particularly love these demonstrations.

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