|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. When was Lord Kelvin born?
2. The operation of finding the area under a curve is now called what, according to the author in Chapter 5, “Infinite Zeros and Infidel Mathematicians”?
3. What kind of stars did the Hubble space telescope use to measure the size of the universe?
(a) White dwarfs.
(b) Cepheid stars.
(c) Hypergiant stars.
(d) RR Lyrae stars.
4. Where was Carl Gauss from?
5. What term refers to numbers that are "infinite" in the sense that they are larger than all finite numbers, yet not necessarily absolutely infinite?
(a) Transfinite numbers.
(b) Quantitative numbers.
(c) Pythagorean numbers.
(d) Derivative numbers.
6. In Chapter 8, “Zero Hour at Ground Zero,” the author states that the Hubble telescope saw that most galaxies were flying away from one another by using red-shifting and blue-shifting effects, the cosmological equivalent of what?
(a) The radon effect.
(b) The Heisenberg effect.
(c) The differential effect.
(d) The Doppler effect.
7. What refers to the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics?
(a) Gravitational theory.
(b) Special relativity.
(c) General relativity.
(d) Microquasar theory.
8. What refers to an indeterminate polynomial equation that allows the variables to take integer values only?
(a) Differential equation.
(b) Tangent equation.
(c) Diophantine equation.
(d) Derivative equation.
9. The name “electron” was introduced in 1891 by what Irish physicist?
(a) Sir Isaac Newton.
(b) Galileo Galilei.
(c) Albert Einstein.
(d) George Johnstone Stoney.
10. According to the author in Chapter 6, “Infinity’s Twin,” geometry shows that mathematically the north and south poles of spheres do what?
(a) Turn into one another.
(b) Repel one another.
(c) Pull away from one another.
(d) Repeat one another.
11. Georg Cantor is best known as the inventor of what fundamental theory in mathematics?
(a) Quantum theory.
(c) Set theory.
(d) String theory.
12. In what year did Albert Einstein publish a paper that explained experimental data from the photoelectric effect, leading to the quantum revolution?
13. What refers to an optical telescope that uses a single or combination of curved mirrors that reflect light and form an image?
(a) An Alhazen’s telescope.
(b) A reflecting telescope.
(c) A refracting telescope.
(d) A chromatic telescope.
14. What rule in calculus uses derivatives to help evaluate limits involving indeterminate forms?
(a) The Golden Ratio.
(b) General relativity.
(c) L'Hôpital's rule.
(d) The Pythagorean Theorem.
15. The Rayleigh–Jeans law agrees with experimental results at large wavelengths but strongly disagrees at short wavelengths. What is this inconsistency known as?
(a) The Pythagorean Theorem.
(b) The Golden Ratio.
(c) A black hole.
(d) The ultraviolet catastrophe.
Short Answer Questions
1. When was Jean le Rond d'Alembert born?
2. What mathematical term refers to a function that preserves distinctness by never mapping distinct elements of its domain to the same element of its codomain?
3. Johannes Kepler used calculus to determine that planets had what, according to the author in Chapter 5, “Infinite Zeros and Infidel Mathematicians”?
4. In particle physics, what refers to a proposed symmetry of nature relating two basic classes of elementary particles: bosons and fermions?
5. According to the author in Chapter 8, “Zero Hour at Ground Zero,” the universe may collapse under its own gravity or what?
This section contains 522 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)