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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. Where was Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz from?**
**(a)** Germany. **(b)** France. **(c)** Great Britain. **(d)** Belgium.

**2. When was Lord Kelvin born?**
**(a)** 1898. **(b)** 1915. **(c)** 1798. **(d)** 1824.

**3. What term in geometry refers to a straight line that just touches a plane curve at a given point?**
**(a)** A divergent. **(b)** A tangent. **(c)** A hyperbole. **(d)** A gravitational pull.

**4. The name “electron” was introduced in 1891 by what Irish physicist?**
**(a)** Sir Isaac Newton. **(b)** Galileo Galilei. **(c)** George Johnstone Stoney. **(d)** Albert Einstein.

**5. Who coined the term “fermion” in particle physics?**
**(a)** James Wilson. **(b)** Filippo Brunelleschi. **(c)** Socrates. **(d)** Paul Dirac.

**6. What refers to an indeterminate polynomial equation that allows the variables to take integer values only?**
**(a)** Derivative equation. **(b)** Tangent equation. **(c)** Differential equation. **(d)** Diophantine equation.

**7. In particle physics, what refers to a proposed symmetry of nature relating two basic classes of elementary particles: bosons and fermions?**
**(a)** A limit. **(b)** Supersymmetry. **(c)** Verisimilitude. **(d)** A black hole.

**8. The author suggests in Chapter 8, “Zero Hour at Ground Zero” that zero might spawn universes through a froth of what?**
**(a)** Quantum memory. **(b)** Quantum disparity. **(c)** Quantum gravity. **(d)** Quantum foam.

**9. According to the author in Chapter 7, “Absolute Zeros,” thermodynamics have taught us that there are many things we cannot do, such as building what?**
**(a)** A perpetual motion machine. **(b)** An adequate polarizing system. **(c)** A lunar calendar. **(d)** A solar calendar.

**10. A primary difficulty in the creation of a “Theory of Everything” is that most attempts to apply quantum mechanics to the gravitational field in the same way as for the electromagnetic field fails due to the breakdown of what?**
**(a)** The gravitational pull. **(b)** The Golden Ratio. **(c)** Differential equations. **(d)** The renormalization procedure.

**11. Carl Gauss referred to mathematics as what?**
**(a)** “The queen of sciences.” **(b)** “The end of science.” **(c)** “The key to philosophy.” **(d)** “Theology’s twin.”

**12. The Rayleigh–Jeans law agrees with experimental results at large wavelengths but strongly disagrees at short wavelengths. What is this inconsistency known as?**
**(a)** The Golden Ratio. **(b)** A black hole. **(c)** The Pythagorean Theorem. **(d)** The ultraviolet catastrophe.

**13. During what years did Georg Cantor live?**
**(a)** 1689-1759. **(b)** 1845-1918. **(c)** 1811-1878. **(d)** 1777-1836.

**14. The author states in Chapter 6, “Infinity’s Twin” that Carl Gauss realized that real and imaginary numbers could be what?**
**(a)** Integrated into fractions. **(b)** Divided by one another. **(c)** Multiplied by zero. **(d)** Graphed together.

**15. The antiparticle of the electron is called what?**
**(a)** Positron. **(b)** Proton. **(c)** Neutron. **(d)** Derivative.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** What refers to the branch of mathematics concerned with finding tangent lines to curves, areas under curves, minima and maxima, and other geometric and analytic problems?

**2.** Georg Cantor is best known as the inventor of what fundamental theory in mathematics?

**3.** Where was Lord Kelvin born?

**4.** In Chapter 8, “Zero Hour at Ground Zero,” the author states that the Hubble telescope saw that most galaxies were flying away from one another by using red-shifting and blue-shifting effects, the cosmological equivalent of what?

**5.** What principle holds that there is an inverse relation between the fineness with which a particular's location can be determined and the fineness with which its velocity can be determined?

This section contains 518 words(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page) |