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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. Approximately when was Giordano Bruno born?**
**(a)** 1366. **(b)** 1548. **(c)** 1623. **(d)** 1459.

**2. In September of 1997, a crewmember entered a zero into the database field on the computers of the USS Yorktown, leading to what type of error?**
**(a)** An addition by zero error. **(b)** A divide by zero error. **(c)** A subtraction by zero error. **(d)** A multiply by zero error.

**3. What branch of mathematics are the ancient Egyptians credited with creating in order to successfully build objects to block the flooding of the Nile River each year?**
**(a)** Geometry. **(b)** Projective physics. **(c)** Quantum mechanics. **(d)** Algebra.

**4. When the Indians adopted a Babylonian style number system, its base was what, according to the author in Chapter 3, “Nothing Ventured”?**
**(a)** 5. **(b)** 20. **(c)** 10. **(d)** 60.

**5. Negative numbers first appeared where historically, according to the author in Chapter 3, “Nothing Ventured”?**
**(a)** India and China. **(b)** Egypt and Babylonia. **(c)** In Mayan and Native American cultures. **(d)** Europe and the Americas.

**6. The USS Yorktown was located off the coast of what location when the computer systems malfunctioned in September of 1997?**
**(a)** New York, New York. **(b)** Cape Charles, Virginia. **(c)** Del Norte, California. **(d)** Havana, Cuba.

**7. The ancient Babylonians had a number system based on what increment?**
**(a)** 5. **(b)** 20. **(c)** 10. **(d)** 60.

**8. Ptolemy wrote what mathematical and astronomical treatise on the apparent motions of the stars and planetary paths?**
**(a)** The Epicurean. **(b)** The Almagest. **(c)** The Golden Ratio. **(d)** Physics.

**9. Pythagoreanism developed into two separate schools of thought. What group was called “the learners” in Greek?**
**(a)** The Hippasusikoi. **(b)** The omnimatioi. **(c)** The mathēmatikoi. **(d)** The akousmatikoi.

**10. Where did Copernicus live?**
**(a)** France. **(b)** Egypt. **(c)** Rome. **(d)** Prussia.

**11. What refers to a system of tribunals developed by the Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church during the second half of the 16th Century?**
**(a)** The Medieval Inquisition. **(b)** The Roman Inquisition. **(c)** The Spanish Inquisition. **(d)** The Catalina Inquisition.

**12. What was the Pythagorean cult’s most sacred symbol because it contained the golden ratio?**
**(a)** The sphere. **(b)** The pentagram. **(c)** The diamond. **(d)** The hexagram.

**13. Filippo Brunelleschi was born in approximately what year?**
**(a)** 1377. **(b)** 1414. **(c)** 1520. **(d)** 1601.

**14. Any number multiplied by zero equals what?**
**(a)** 1. **(b)** 15. **(c)** 0. **(d)** -100.

**15. Where did the Renaissance begin?**
**(a)** Great Britain. **(b)** France. **(c)** Spain. **(d)** Italy.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** The author states in Chapter 3, “Nothing Ventured” that for the Indians, numerals without geometric significance gave birth to what field of mathematics?

**2.** When did Nicholas of Cusa live?

**3.** The word “Renaissance” derives from what meaning?

**4.** What 12 Century rabbi sought to reconcile Greek philosophy with the Semitic Bible?

**5.** The Renaissance roughly spanned the period of what centuries?

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