Who Wrote the New Testament?: The Making of the Christian Myth Test | Final Test - Hard

Burton L. Mack
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Mack believe the authors intended to convey by having Peter and James defend Paul's ideas about Jewish law?

2. Why were the revisions of the scriptures not convincing before 70 C.E.?

3. How did Mark portray Jesus?

4. What collection of early Christian texts does the Didache now belong to?

5. Why are the Epistles of Peter and Jude called the Catholic epistles?

Short Essay Questions

1. What were the two key arguments that the centrists tried to use against the non-centrist positions of Valentinus and Marcion?

2. What are the three concerns underlying the treatise to the Hebrews?

3. What does Mack say about the "overwhelming concern" in the Didache about the practice of alms, gift giving, and supporting those who ask for hand outs?

4. Describe Matthew's depiction of Jesus.

5. Describe Mack's observations about James as an author in the first three centuries.

6. What two strong desires drove Christianity?

7. What are the four types of miracle interpretation occurring in the Gospel of John?

8. Explain the conversion of Constantine, and why it was pivotal in the creation of the Bible.

9. Describe the situation in the empire since the reign of Caligula, in terms of the political mood of the Jews.

10. What are the significant differences between the Pauline and Johannine traditions, as discussed by Mack in chapter 8?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

List and discuss the four "proofs" from scripture that support the idea that the history of Israel can be read as the story of the Christian God. What are the four points? What do they mean? How do they tie together to create the idea of a scripture that supports the Christian God, rather than a Jewish God? Be sure to mention concepts such as the spirit of prophesy, the logos, and the idea that the history of Israel did not end with the Jews.

Essay Topic 2

Describe why Mack believes his book can help view Christianity in a new way, and what he fantasizes about in terms of an honest discussion of the Bible, and Christianity as a whole. What does he think we should do, in terms of religion? Why does he think his book can help humanity begin to question Christianity as a source for social order? Do you agree? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

Explain how the conversion of Constantine led to the development of the Christian Bible. Who was Constantine? Why did his position in the Roman empire matter? What did he set out to do? What three events does Mack credit to the creation of the Christian Bible? What does he say about Augustus' role in Josephs list? What does he say about the Letter of Athenasius? How did the list of Eusebius play a role?

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