Who Wrote the New Testament?: The Making of the Christian Myth Test | Final Test - Hard

Burton L. Mack
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Where did the writer of the gospel of Luke write the gospel, according to Mack?

2. What was Valentinus' claim about what Christ made possible, in terms of knowledge of God?

3. What does Mack claim the author of Acts found, in terms of an answer to what Christianity owed to Jewish history?

4. What is Ignatius' second appeal in his letters to the churches?

5. During the time of the writing of Revelations, what does Mack argue the Christians were being accused of by the Romans?

Short Essay Questions

1. What were the four ways of reading the scripture that supported the Christian inclusion of Jewish scripture in their religion?

2. Describe the situation in the empire since the reign of Caligula, in terms of the political mood of the Jews.

3. What was Valentinus' story of the tragedy of the birth of the world?

4. What two values are integrated in the Letters of Ignatius, and what is the result?

5. What were the common values contained in both the temple system of sacrifice and the family system of rituals that allowed the translation of one into the other?

6. What two strong desires drove Christianity?

7. What are the significant differences between the Pauline and Johannine traditions, as discussed by Mack in chapter 8?

8. What are the three concerns underlying the treatise to the Hebrews?

9. What were the two key arguments that the centrists tried to use against the non-centrist positions of Valentinus and Marcion?

10. Explain Mack's discussion of when the Epistles of Peter and Jude were written. What references does he use to attempt to date the pieces?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Discuss Mack's three arguments about why the Bible has survived unquestioned throughout history. Why does he say this has happened? Be sure to discuss Mack's views of the Bible as an oracle, the Bible as the ritual text of Christianity, and the Bible's function as an epic for the American dream. What are each of these, and why do they help to position the Bible in a high, unquestionable place of power?

Essay Topic 2

Discuss the letter by Paul to the Galatians. Why is it important? What happened to entice the letter from Paul? What question was Paul trying to answer? What was his argument, in terms of how the Christians could receive the same blessings as the Jews? Explain that argument in detail. What issues does Mack see, in terms of the validity of the argument? Was this argument continued by Paul in later letters? Why or why not? What does this say about Paul's own opinion of his argument?

Essay Topic 3

Compare and contrast two of the following Gospels. Be sure to include the time of the writing, the location, the portrayal of Jesus, the use of other documents to form a basis, and the individual additions of each author to the main story line. How are the two similar, and how are they different?

• The Gospel of Mark

• The Gospel of Matthew

• The Gospel of Luke

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