Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did advertisers change their strategies during the war?

2. Which of the following is NOT one of the resources that the author cites specifically as being scarce during the war?

3. Idioms were often adapted to what medium?

4. What was the public reaction to censorship?

5. What is one major product for which many improvised substitutes were devised?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did the average soldier view the war?

2. What was the importance of the literary journal Horizon?

3. What types of stories would be most likely to be reported on?

4. How often did soldiers read and what impact did it have on them?

5. When were more enduring war novels written and why were they written during this time period?

6. How did the media interpret the suffering of the nation's citizenry?

7. What does RADAR stand for?

8. How did the media imply God's involvement in the war?

9. How did media organizations gain access to war zones for their reporters?

10. How did advertisers think of and take advantage of the war?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Throughout the war, the media made a concerted effort to accentuating the positive aspects of stories about the war and to downplay, misrepresent, or ignore negative aspects. This gave Americans a sanitized vision of the war that was easier to continue to support than the real war.

1) Explain the policy of "accentuating the positive" in the media, and explain why it was adopted.

2) Discuss the types of stories that were likely to be reported by the mainstream state and public media and the impression of the war that these reports gave to the common citizen.

3) Describe some of the grizzly, unsettling, and unpleasant aspects of the war that were unlikely to be reported on. Discuss how these types of stories and details were handled.

4) Discuss the impact that the policy of "accentuating the positive" had on American soldiers.

Essay Topic 2

Military training was intended to create capable and obedient soldiers. The extreme demands of World War II required military training to be short and intense.

1) Explain the purpose of military training.

2) Describe, according to military thinking of the time, the ideal soldier after he has just completed training.

3) Explain how some of the difficulties of WWII affected military training.

4) Discuss the similarities between military training and public school systems of the 1940s and explain why this similarity existed.

Essay Topic 3

Many soldiers believed in Talismans.

1) Describe what a talisman is and why they concept was embraced by soldiers.

2) Discuss the types of objects that were used as talismans and why their origins caused them to be considered important.

3) Speculate as to how seriously most soldiers believed in the protective powers of the talismans.

4) Discuss the importance of the talismans as devices to comfort and reassure soldiers placed in brutal and violent conditions.

(see the answer keys)

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