Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. The term "Chad" originated where?

2. What group of soldiers were most cynical about their experiences?

3. Chapter 10 centers around the common soldier's perception of what characteristic of the war?

4. Overall, the example that Horizon set was which of the following?

5. What type of novels became more popular during the war?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why did citizens in the US and England suffer from deprivation?

2. What qualities caused an idiom to transfer to enter the general vocabulary?

3. What was the importance of the literary journal Horizon?

4. How did the media imply God's involvement in the war?

5. What difficulties did the publishing industry face during the war?

6. What does RADAR stand for?

7. How did most media outlets react to the requirements placed on them?

8. How and why did the media fail to report the entire story of the war?

9. How did soldiers react to the media's presentation of the war?

10. How did media organizations gain access to war zones for their reporters?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The nature of warfare, especially in World War II, made mistakes commonplace and almost unavoidable. The military and media handled these sometimes deadly mistakes in a way that might be considered disingenuous or immoral.

1) Discuss the factors that contribute to blunders being made in warfare. Explain why warfare is more prone to these mistakes than other ventures, and why the combat in World War II was especially so.

2) Explain some of the major types of military blunders that occurred in World War II, including recognition error and friendly fire.

3) Describe the ways that the military and media reacted to military blunders.

Essay Topic 2

Throughout the war, the media made a concerted effort to accentuating the positive aspects of stories about the war and to downplay, misrepresent, or ignore negative aspects. This gave Americans a sanitized vision of the war that was easier to continue to support than the real war.

1) Explain the policy of "accentuating the positive" in the media, and explain why it was adopted.

2) Discuss the types of stories that were likely to be reported by the mainstream state and public media and the impression of the war that these reports gave to the common citizen.

3) Describe some of the grizzly, unsettling, and unpleasant aspects of the war that were unlikely to be reported on. Discuss how these types of stories and details were handled.

4) Discuss the impact that the policy of "accentuating the positive" had on American soldiers.

Essay Topic 3

Throughout the second World War, soldiers faced constant hazing from their officers. Although largely successful in helping to establish and maintain discipline, these measures were always demeaning, and sometimes dangerous.

1) Explain the unofficial policy of hazing in the US military during World War II.

2) Discuss why this policy was used, and what the army expected to gain through it.

3) Describe some of the unintended side-effects of hazing on the enlisted men.

(see the answer keys)

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