Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who was the editor of Horizon?

2. The author states that it was common for the media to suggest that individual soldiers died for what reason?

3. Overall, the deprivation faced by American and British citizens would best be described as which of the following?

4. Which of the following is NOT a major media type that supported the predominant media sources?

5. Most idioms of the war arose from which source?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why did wartime reporting often fail to capture the realities of warfare?

2. What were American soldiers told they were fighting for?

3. How and why did the media fail to report the entire story of the war?

4. What qualities caused an idiom to transfer to enter the general vocabulary?

5. How did advertisers think of and take advantage of the war?

6. Why were front line soldiers confused by media presentations of the war?

7. When were more enduring war novels written and why were they written during this time period?

8. What critical knowledge did an average soldier typically lack?

9. Overall, what was the media portrayal of the war like?

10. How did media organizations gain access to war zones for their reporters?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

When America entered the war the country had mixed feelings but was generally optimistic. However, some of the rosy predictions of the American public proved to be woefully inaccurate and the nation struggled hard and suffered great loss in order to defeat the axis.

1) Explain the opinion of most Americans towards their prospects in the war at the time that America entered the war. What kinds of attitudes and doctrines dominated? How long did most Americans think the war would take to win?

2) List and describe the resources that Americans believed they would use to obtain victory.

3) Discuss how American optimism caused mistakes during the early parts of the war, and how it supported the war effort later.

4) Explain some of the changes in the American attitude towards the war that occurred as it dragged on and it became clear that early predictions would not come true.

Essay Topic 2

Drunkenness was rampant in the ranks of the enlisted men. The author states that heavy drinking usually began early in stateside training, and stopped (temporarily) only when alcohol was not available.

1) Explain why so many soldiers turned to drinking throughout the war.

2) Discuss the prevalence of drunkenness and alcoholism in the ranks of the enlisted men.

3) Describe some of the problems brought on by this tendency. What did the American public think about their soldiers and what health problems and other dangers did these soldiers face?

Essay Topic 3

During the war, the official state media and the public media colluded together to create a uniform and sterilized presentation of the war.

1) Explain how and why the public and state media colluded with each other during the war, and what the results of this collusion were.

2) Discuss why was it considered important to present a unified and homogeneous vision of the war's progress.

3) Discuss the morale nature of the decision to control and suppress the freedom of the media during the war. Explain some of the justifications for these actions and make a final assessment as to whether or not this trend was morally acceptable.

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