Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. To soldiers, war reporting lacked what familiar element?

2. Which of the following is NOT one way that soldiers perceived of the war?

3. What qualifications did reporters need in order to gain access to war zones?

4. Why did mainstream media outlets adopt the strategy of accentuating the positive?

5. Which of the following is NOT one of the ways that American soldiers were usually portrayed by the media?

Short Essay Questions

1. Overall, what was the media portrayal of the war like?

2. How did the media imply God's involvement in the war?

3. Why did citizens in the US and England suffer from deprivation?

4. What types of stories would be most likely to be reported on?

5. What is one way that a person could become considered to be subversive?

6. What does the author believe about the phenomenon of attributing high-minded ideals to the purpose of a war?

7. Why were front line soldiers confused by media presentations of the war?

8. What is one type of preparation that was made in England in anticipation of an invasion?

9. What were American soldiers told they were fighting for?

10. What were the aims of most production-related public efforts in the US?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Americans placed great stock in their new lines of heavy bombers, which were predicted to be able to win the war quickly and easily, but the reality proved very different.

1) Explain why Americans put so much faith and hope in the doctrine of precision bombing.

2) Explain the doctrine of precision bombing and how it was expected to end the war.

3) Discuss the difficulties in implementing a campaign of precision bombing, and how American strategy changed as a result.

Essay Topic 2

Most soldiers quickly developed a feeling that there was no meaning for the war. Although they were frequently told what they were fighting for, they had no idea why they were fighting,

1) Explain why many soldiers felt that there was an ideological void in the meaning and purpose of the war.

2) Discuss some attempts that the media made to fill this void and discuss why these attempts did not resonate with the soldiers. What were troops told they were fighting for?

3) Explain the consequences of this ideological void on the psychological states and lives of individual soldiers.

Essay Topic 3

During the war, advertisers took advantage of the prevailing patriotic spirit to help sell their products.

1) Discuss how and why advertisers were able to take advantage of the war.

2) Explain why consumers were particularly susceptible to encouragements to support the war effort. What did the "one voice" movement have to do with this phenomenon?

3) Assess how acceptable the practices that advertisers used during this time were. Did these campaigns constitute war profiteering, or were they valid business models? Use information from the book to support your opinion.

(see the answer keys)

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