Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What were depictions of combat conditions like in media of the era?

2. Which of the following is NOT one way that soldiers perceived of the war?

3. Which of the following best describes how commonly the media falsified war stories?

4. Later in the war, the media presented most allied victories as triumphs over what forces?

5. Which of the following is NOT a major media type that supported the predominant media sources?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does the author believe about the phenomenon of attributing high-minded ideals to the purpose of a war?

2. How were books adapted for soldiers' use, and how did these changes persist after the war?

3. Overall, what was the media portrayal of the war like?

4. What is one way that a person could become considered to be subversive?

5. What types of stories would be most likely to be reported on?

6. How and why did the media fail to report the entire story of the war?

7. How did the average soldier view the war?

8. How did soldiers react to the media's presentation of the war?

9. What were the aims of most production-related public efforts in the US?

10. Why were front line soldiers confused by media presentations of the war?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Americans placed great stock in their new lines of heavy bombers, which were predicted to be able to win the war quickly and easily, but the reality proved very different.

1) Explain why Americans put so much faith and hope in the doctrine of precision bombing.

2) Explain the doctrine of precision bombing and how it was expected to end the war.

3) Discuss the difficulties in implementing a campaign of precision bombing, and how American strategy changed as a result.

Essay Topic 2

High-mindedness dominated thought and writing about the war during its later years. Although not unique to World War II, the author asserts that it reaching its peak during this conflict. American citizens and soldiers had markedly different reactions to this approach.

1) Explain what the author means by "high mindedness."

2) Discuss why high-minded thinking about the war came to dominate in the media. What purpose did this serve?

3) Explain how the American public reacted to the increasing high-mindedness presented to them.

4) Describe the reaction of American soldiers to this increasingly abstract explanation for the war. Why couldn't they relate to these concepts, and what affect did this high-mindedness have on them?

5) Assess overall whether or not an emphasis on high-minded ideal was good or bad for the nation during the war.

Essay Topic 3

Soldiers during the second World War had their self images systematically degraded and held in constant contempt.

1) Explain the concept of self-image and how it applies to the typical young American of the 1940s.

2) Discuss why it was necessary to destroy a soldier's self-image in order to cause that person to integrate well with the large machinery of the army of World War II.

3) Describe some of the effects that the aggressive campaign to destroy and degrade self-image had on common soldiers.

(see the answer keys)

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