|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. At the beginning of World War II, aerial combat was regarded as exemplifying what obsolescent ideal?
2. According to the author, the hazing of enlisted men by officers would best be described as which of the following?
3. According to one rumor, what substance was added to food served to servicemen?
4. According to the author, before the outbreak of war, what did Americans expect their military performance to be like?
5. What drink did German troops generally prefer?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did the American military cause reports of military blunders to be underplayed?
2. What types of hazing were most common?
3. Why is purpose difficult to see or non-existent in war?
4. What sort of information is regularly denied to the common soldier?
5. How and when was alcohol used as an anodyne?
6. What problems did American arms and armaments suffer from in the early parts of WWII?
7. What types of rumors are sometimes believed by both sides?
8. According to the author, how common are military blunders and what are their causes?
9. Once they were in the war, how did Americans believe they could win it?
10. How did contemporaneous war histories depict military blunders?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Throughout the second World War, soldiers faced constant hazing from their officers. Although largely successful in helping to establish and maintain discipline, these measures were always demeaning, and sometimes dangerous.
1) Explain the unofficial policy of hazing in the US military during World War II.
2) Discuss why this policy was used, and what the army expected to gain through it.
3) Describe some of the unintended side-effects of hazing on the enlisted men.
Essay Topic 2
Drunkenness was rampant in the ranks of the enlisted men. The author states that heavy drinking usually began early in stateside training, and stopped (temporarily) only when alcohol was not available.
1) Explain why so many soldiers turned to drinking throughout the war.
2) Discuss the prevalence of drunkenness and alcoholism in the ranks of the enlisted men.
3) Describe some of the problems brought on by this tendency. What did the American public think about their soldiers and what health problems and other dangers did these soldiers face?
Essay Topic 3
During the war, the official state media and the public media colluded together to create a uniform and sterilized presentation of the war.
1) Explain how and why the public and state media colluded with each other during the war, and what the results of this collusion were.
2) Discuss why was it considered important to present a unified and homogeneous vision of the war's progress.
3) Discuss the morale nature of the decision to control and suppress the freedom of the media during the war. Explain some of the justifications for these actions and make a final assessment as to whether or not this trend was morally acceptable.
This section contains 700 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)