|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why is Julian Maclaren-Ross discussed in the book?
2. According to one rumor, what substance was added to food served to servicemen?
3. According to the author, rumors are best described as fulfilling what role?
4. One rumor suggested that German sympathizers used what animal to convey intelligence to the enemy?
5. Throughout Chapter 6, the author describes enlisted men as being which of the following?
Short Essay Questions
1. How was military jargon and vocabulary used to demean enlisted men?
2. According to the author, what is the result on the battlefield of the relatively young age of soldiers and the violence of warfare?
3. Why did many soldiers require an anodyne?
4. Why is purpose difficult to see or non-existent in war?
5. What writer is a notable exception to the normal treatment of enlisted men, and how did he differ?
6. What are recognition errors, and how are they caused?
7. What beliefs did American have about the Japanese going into the war, and how did those beliefs change?
8. What was the doctrine of precision bombing?
9. What beliefs do younger soldiers typically have that older soldiers do not?
10. What types of rumors are sometimes believed by both sides?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
When America entered the war the country had mixed feelings but was generally optimistic. However, some of the rosy predictions of the American public proved to be woefully inaccurate and the nation struggled hard and suffered great loss in order to defeat the axis.
1) Explain the opinion of most Americans towards their prospects in the war at the time that America entered the war. What kinds of attitudes and doctrines dominated? How long did most Americans think the war would take to win?
2) List and describe the resources that Americans believed they would use to obtain victory.
3) Discuss how American optimism caused mistakes during the early parts of the war, and how it supported the war effort later.
4) Explain some of the changes in the American attitude towards the war that occurred as it dragged on and it became clear that early predictions would not come true.
Essay Topic 2
Military training was intended to create capable and obedient soldiers. The extreme demands of World War II required military training to be short and intense.
1) Explain the purpose of military training.
2) Describe, according to military thinking of the time, the ideal soldier after he has just completed training.
3) Explain how some of the difficulties of WWII affected military training.
4) Discuss the similarities between military training and public school systems of the 1940s and explain why this similarity existed.
Essay Topic 3
Americans placed great stock in their new lines of heavy bombers, which were predicted to be able to win the war quickly and easily, but the reality proved very different.
1) Explain why Americans put so much faith and hope in the doctrine of precision bombing.
2) Explain the doctrine of precision bombing and how it was expected to end the war.
3) Discuss the difficulties in implementing a campaign of precision bombing, and how American strategy changed as a result.
This section contains 800 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)