Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. One rumor suggested that German sympathizers used what animal to convey intelligence to the enemy?

2. The author suggests that before the outbreak of war, the American military was prepared for what type of performance?

3. What are the "Unread Books" to which Chapter 5's title alludes?

4. The airman discussed in one example of military blunders, and who was killed by English soldiers, belonged to what allied nation?

5. The rumor about German sympathizers conveying intelligence to the enemy suggested that they were relaying what type of information?

Short Essay Questions

1. What writer is a notable exception to the normal treatment of enlisted men, and how did he differ?

2. What sort of information is regularly denied to the common soldier?

3. What beliefs do younger soldiers typically have that older soldiers do not?

4. What beliefs did American have about the Japanese going into the war, and how did those beliefs change?

5. Why have nearly all nations historically favored younger soldiers?

6. What problems did American arms and armaments suffer from in the early parts of WWII?

7. Why did many soldiers require an anodyne?

8. According to the author, why does the human mind crave narrative order?

9. How did soldiers think about women most of the time?

10. What types of rumors are sometimes believed by both sides?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Many soldiers believed in Talismans.

1) Describe what a talisman is and why they concept was embraced by soldiers.

2) Discuss the types of objects that were used as talismans and why their origins caused them to be considered important.

3) Speculate as to how seriously most soldiers believed in the protective powers of the talismans.

4) Discuss the importance of the talismans as devices to comfort and reassure soldiers placed in brutal and violent conditions.

Essay Topic 2

Throughout the second World War, soldiers faced constant hazing from their officers. Although largely successful in helping to establish and maintain discipline, these measures were always demeaning, and sometimes dangerous.

1) Explain the unofficial policy of hazing in the US military during World War II.

2) Discuss why this policy was used, and what the army expected to gain through it.

3) Describe some of the unintended side-effects of hazing on the enlisted men.

Essay Topic 3

Nations on all sides recruited soldiers around the age of 18, since young men were considered to be ideal soldiers. For better or worse, young men fought and won the war.

1) Explain why young men were considered to be ideal candidates for training as soldiers.

2) Why is it important for soldiers to exhibit aggression? Explain why young men around the age of 18 are prime candidates in this regard.

2) Discuss why military leaders believed young men to be easier to lead and less likely to question the purpose of the war. Was this supposition valid?

3) Discuss the use of very young soldiers by the axis powers late in the war. Was this type of recruitment immoral, or supportable given their circumstances?

(see the answer keys)

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