Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that armies historically favored younger soldiers?

2. What was one of the most routine ways that enlisted men dealt with the hazing they received from officers?

3. According to the author, what was the unstated purpose of the use of inveterate profanity?

4. In the American armed services, the term "chickenshit" referred to what?

5. When did heavy drinking begin for most conscripts?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did soldiers think about women most of the time?

2. Why did many soldiers require an anodyne?

3. Once they were in the war, how did Americans believe they could win it?

4. What beliefs do younger soldiers typically have that older soldiers do not?

5. According to the author, why does the human mind crave narrative order?

6. How and why did military and public authorities react to stereotyping of enemy forces?

7. What types of hazing were most common?

8. How and when was alcohol used as an anodyne?

9. What qualities epitomized the American forces prior to their entry into WWII?

10. What writer is a notable exception to the normal treatment of enlisted men, and how did he differ?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Drunkenness was rampant in the ranks of the enlisted men. The author states that heavy drinking usually began early in stateside training, and stopped (temporarily) only when alcohol was not available.

1) Explain why so many soldiers turned to drinking throughout the war.

2) Discuss the prevalence of drunkenness and alcoholism in the ranks of the enlisted men.

3) Describe some of the problems brought on by this tendency. What did the American public think about their soldiers and what health problems and other dangers did these soldiers face?

Essay Topic 2

Throughout the war, the media made a concerted effort to accentuating the positive aspects of stories about the war and to downplay, misrepresent, or ignore negative aspects. This gave Americans a sanitized vision of the war that was easier to continue to support than the real war.

1) Explain the policy of "accentuating the positive" in the media, and explain why it was adopted.

2) Discuss the types of stories that were likely to be reported by the mainstream state and public media and the impression of the war that these reports gave to the common citizen.

3) Describe some of the grizzly, unsettling, and unpleasant aspects of the war that were unlikely to be reported on. Discuss how these types of stories and details were handled.

4) Discuss the impact that the policy of "accentuating the positive" had on American soldiers.

Essay Topic 3

Most soldiers quickly developed a feeling that there was no meaning for the war. Although they were frequently told what they were fighting for, they had no idea why they were fighting,

1) Explain why many soldiers felt that there was an ideological void in the meaning and purpose of the war.

2) Discuss some attempts that the media made to fill this void and discuss why these attempts did not resonate with the soldiers. What were troops told they were fighting for?

3) Explain the consequences of this ideological void on the psychological states and lives of individual soldiers.

(see the answer keys)

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