|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What factor does the author cite as being the most important in causing one force to misidentify another?
2. In the iconic pre-war image discussed in Chapter 1, what are the soldiers towing?
3. What drink did American troops generally prefer?
4. According to one rumor, what substance was added to food served to servicemen?
5. Which of the following qualities of warfare does the author NOT suggest to be a contributing factor in military blunders?
Short Essay Questions
1. What types of rumors are sometimes believed by both sides?
2. How was military jargon and vocabulary used to demean enlisted men?
3. How and when was alcohol used as an anodyne?
4. What problems did the doctrine of precision bombing face?
5. What does the term "chickenshit" mean?
6. What drinks were preferred by men from different nations in the war?
7. What were talismans?
8. What are the causes of the facelessness with with soldiers were treated in the second World War?
9. Why have nearly all nations historically favored younger soldiers?
10. Why is purpose difficult to see or non-existent in war?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Soldiers during the second World War had their self images systematically degraded and held in constant contempt.
1) Explain the concept of self-image and how it applies to the typical young American of the 1940s.
2) Discuss why it was necessary to destroy a soldier's self-image in order to cause that person to integrate well with the large machinery of the army of World War II.
3) Describe some of the effects that the aggressive campaign to destroy and degrade self-image had on common soldiers.
Essay Topic 2
Throughout the war, the media made a concerted effort to accentuating the positive aspects of stories about the war and to downplay, misrepresent, or ignore negative aspects. This gave Americans a sanitized vision of the war that was easier to continue to support than the real war.
1) Explain the policy of "accentuating the positive" in the media, and explain why it was adopted.
2) Discuss the types of stories that were likely to be reported by the mainstream state and public media and the impression of the war that these reports gave to the common citizen.
3) Describe some of the grizzly, unsettling, and unpleasant aspects of the war that were unlikely to be reported on. Discuss how these types of stories and details were handled.
4) Discuss the impact that the policy of "accentuating the positive" had on American soldiers.
Essay Topic 3
High-mindedness dominated thought and writing about the war during its later years. Although not unique to World War II, the author asserts that it reaching its peak during this conflict. American citizens and soldiers had markedly different reactions to this approach.
1) Explain what the author means by "high mindedness."
2) Discuss why high-minded thinking about the war came to dominate in the media. What purpose did this serve?
3) Explain how the American public reacted to the increasing high-mindedness presented to them.
4) Describe the reaction of American soldiers to this increasingly abstract explanation for the war. Why couldn't they relate to these concepts, and what affect did this high-mindedness have on them?
5) Assess overall whether or not an emphasis on high-minded ideal was good or bad for the nation during the war.
This section contains 865 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)