Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How was the self-image of an individual soldier treated?

2. Which of the following is not a concept that the iconic pre-war image in Chapter 1 is said to convey?

3. According to the author, before the outbreak of war, what did Americans expect their military performance to be like?

4. At the beginning of World War II, aerial combat was regarded as exemplifying what obsolescent ideal?

5. Throughout Chapter 6, the author describes enlisted men as being which of the following?

Short Essay Questions

1. What sort of information is regularly denied to the common soldier?

2. How was military jargon and vocabulary used to demean enlisted men?

3. What did Americans expect their participation in WWII to be like?

4. What was the doctrine of precision bombing?

5. What drinks were preferred by men from different nations in the war?

6. What are the causes of the facelessness with with soldiers were treated in the second World War?

7. What writer is a notable exception to the normal treatment of enlisted men, and how did he differ?

8. According to the author, what is the result on the battlefield of the relatively young age of soldiers and the violence of warfare?

9. What problems did the doctrine of precision bombing face?

10. What are recognition errors, and how are they caused?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

When it entered into World War II, America was at a disadvantage in terms of its equipment, and struggled long and hard to correct these problems.

1) Explain the state of military equipment in the American army when the US entered the war. Discuss some of the problems in design, scale and distribution.

2) Describe some of the consequences of these inadequacies for American troops on the battlefield.

3) Discuss the process that brought America's army up to date and in line with modern standards.

Essay Topic 2

Military training was intended to create capable and obedient soldiers. The extreme demands of World War II required military training to be short and intense.

1) Explain the purpose of military training.

2) Describe, according to military thinking of the time, the ideal soldier after he has just completed training.

3) Explain how some of the difficulties of WWII affected military training.

4) Discuss the similarities between military training and public school systems of the 1940s and explain why this similarity existed.

Essay Topic 3

During the war, advertisers took advantage of the prevailing patriotic spirit to help sell their products.

1) Discuss how and why advertisers were able to take advantage of the war.

2) Explain why consumers were particularly susceptible to encouragements to support the war effort. What did the "one voice" movement have to do with this phenomenon?

3) Assess how acceptable the practices that advertisers used during this time were. Did these campaigns constitute war profiteering, or were they valid business models? Use information from the book to support your opinion.

(see the answer keys)

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