|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to the author, what belief is typical of younger soldiers and not of older soldiers?
2. What term does the author not use as an example of vocabulary intended to demean enlisted men?
3. According to the author, what was the last war in which soldiers were at least theoretically thought of as unique individuals with distinct identities?
4. According to the author, what was the unstated purpose of the use of inveterate profanity?
5. The author suggests that disliked soldiers were more likely to be selected for what type of duty?
Short Essay Questions
1. How and why did military and public authorities react to stereotyping of enemy forces?
2. What are recognition errors, and how are they caused?
3. How did the American military cause reports of military blunders to be underplayed?
4. According to the author, why does the human mind crave narrative order?
5. What types of rumors are sometimes believed by both sides?
6. What was the doctrine of precision bombing?
7. What qualities epitomized the American forces prior to their entry into WWII?
8. How was military jargon and vocabulary used to demean enlisted men?
9. What types of hazing were most common?
10. Why did many soldiers require an anodyne?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Americans placed great stock in their new lines of heavy bombers, which were predicted to be able to win the war quickly and easily, but the reality proved very different.
1) Explain why Americans put so much faith and hope in the doctrine of precision bombing.
2) Explain the doctrine of precision bombing and how it was expected to end the war.
3) Discuss the difficulties in implementing a campaign of precision bombing, and how American strategy changed as a result.
Essay Topic 2
Throughout the second World War, soldiers faced constant hazing from their officers. Although largely successful in helping to establish and maintain discipline, these measures were always demeaning, and sometimes dangerous.
1) Explain the unofficial policy of hazing in the US military during World War II.
2) Discuss why this policy was used, and what the army expected to gain through it.
3) Describe some of the unintended side-effects of hazing on the enlisted men.
Essay Topic 3
The organization and doctrine behind America's army was woefully out of date when it entered World War II, and dramatic changes were necessary to prepare it to fight the axis war machine.
1) Describe America's army before its entrance into the war.
2) Explain the duties that the American army was prepared for and how it expected to fight and win battles.
3) Discuss the realities of the demands placed on the army during the second World War.
4) Explain how the US army adapted and rose to the challenge.
This section contains 775 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)