Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How important was a rumor's accuracy and predictive success for its tendency to spread?
(a) Success was usually ignored.
(b) Success was crucially important.
(c) Success was not important at all.
(d) Success usually ended a rumor.

2. What belief about the Japanese caused Americans to think that their war with Japan would end quickly?
(a) They had no heavy weapons or large ships.
(b) They lacked discipline.
(c) They were inefficient soldiers.
(d) They were a backwards people.

3. According to the author, rumors are best described as fulfilling what role?
(a) Being a distraction from the war.
(b) Consoling soldiers.
(c) Filling gaps in information.
(d) Acting as entertainment.

4. How were military blunders usually treated in official reports?
(a) They were censored.
(b) They were omitted or distorted.
(c) They were meticulously analyzed.
(d) They were filed confidentially.

5. According to the author, the hazing of enlisted men by officers would best be described as which of the following?
(a) Rare.
(b) Uncommon.
(c) Pervasive.
(d) Official policy.

6. Heavy drinking and womanizing caused problems for the army in what area?
(a) Discipline.
(b) Morale.
(c) Health.
(d) Organization.

7. How did the American media react to the image of many conscripts being drunkards?
(a) They reported it gleefully.
(b) They tried to cover it up.
(c) They tried to counter it.
(d) They ignored it.

8. Rumors about the axis frequently dealt with what subject?
(a) Their tenacity.
(b) Their superior weaponry.
(c) Their atrocities.
(d) Their combat prowess.

9. Most hazing would best be described as what?
(a) Dangerous.
(b) Creative.
(c) Tedious.
(d) Doctrinal.

10. In the iconic pre-war image discussed in Chapter 1, the soldiers are best described as being which of the following?
(a) Determined.
(b) Tired.
(c) Experienced.
(d) Young.

11. What term does the author not use as an example of vocabulary intended to demean enlisted men?
(a) Dog tags.
(b) Pup tent.
(c) Dogface.
(d) Stray.

12. Copies of the New Testament were frequently altered in what way?
(a) By adding a steel backing to them.
(b) By replacing their covers with canvas.
(c) By tearing out the book of Acts.
(d) By dyeing the pages red.

13. What drink did American troops generally prefer?
(a) Whiskey.
(b) Rum.
(c) Gin.
(d) Bourban.

14. How was the self-image of an individual soldier treated?
(a) With interest only from his squad mates.
(b) As being totally irrelevant.
(c) As a nuisance.
(d) With contempt.

15. Allegedly, agents working for the axis spread what rumor?
(a) The Oder river had never been crossed by an invading force.
(b) French women all bore venereal diseases.
(c) German soldiers ate metal shavings with their food.
(d) Soldiers' wives were unfaithful.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that armies historically favored younger soldiers?

2. How old were axis soldiers compared to allied soldiers?

3. How did most Americans regard Pearl Harbor?

4. How common was the use of alcohol as an anodyne?

5. Most proponents of precision bombing suggested that it be used to destroy what enemy targets?

(see the answer keys)

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