|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In the American armed services, the term "chickenshit" referred to what?
(a) Hazing of enlisted by officers.
(b) The response of enlisted men to hazing.
(c) Official disciplinary action.
(d) Complaining among the enlisted men.
2. Japanese troops were typically stereotyped as being what?
(d) Poor shots.
3. According to the stereotype about Chinese troops, they could survive indefinitely if provided with what?
(a) Dog meat.
(b) A handful of rice a day.
(c) Soy bean rations.
(d) Dry noodles.
4. According to the author, the hazing of enlisted men by officers would best be described as which of the following?
(d) Official policy.
5. What factor does the author cite as being the most important in causing one force to misidentify another?
(a) The use of new battalion insignia.
(b) The use of camouflage.
(c) Differing service branches.
(d) Differing nationalities.
6. According to the author, what was the unstated purpose of the use of inveterate profanity?
(a) To set officers apart since only they could use it.
(b) To create camaraderie between officers and enlisted men.
(c) To differentiate officers and enlisted men.
(d) To demean enlisted men.
7. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that armies historically favored younger soldiers?
(a) They do not question the war's irrationality.
(b) They are physically fit.
(c) They are aggressive.
(d) They are obedient.
8. When did heavy drinking begin for most conscripts?
(a) Stateside training.
(b) In France.
(c) On their first leave while in Europe.
(d) On the transports.
9. How did the military handle blunders that resulted in casualties?
(a) By attributing them to enemy action.
(b) By ignoring them.
(c) By covering them up.
(d) By paying double insurance to grieving families.
10. How old were the youngest soldiers fielded by the axis during the war?
11. Rumors about the axis frequently dealt with what subject?
(a) Their combat prowess.
(b) Their atrocities.
(c) Their superior weaponry.
(d) Their tenacity.
12. What belief about the Japanese caused Americans to think that their war with Japan would end quickly?
(a) They were a backwards people.
(b) They lacked discipline.
(c) They had no heavy weapons or large ships.
(d) They were inefficient soldiers.
13. What was one way that the military controlled the reports of blunders coming from embedded reporters?
14. The author suggests that disliked soldiers were more likely to be selected for what type of duty?
(a) Dangerous combat roles.
(b) Rear area duty.
(c) Meaningless tasks.
(d) Unimportant combat roles.
15. How did much of the American public react to initial reports of violence, chaos and casualty figures?
(a) They were uninterested.
(b) They refused to believe them.
(c) They ignored them.
(d) They were appalled.
Short Answer Questions
1. One rumor suggested that German sympathizers used what animal to convey intelligence to the enemy?
2. How common was the use of alcohol as an anodyne?
3. What is one reason given for why rumors were started?
4. Hazing occurred at what levels within the American military?
5. In the iconic pre-war image discussed in Chapter 1, the soldiers are best described as being which of the following?
This section contains 507 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)