Visions of Excess: Selected Writings, 1927-1939 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are the two forms of heterogeneity Bataille introduces in "Psychological Structure of Fascism"?
(a) The Marxist revolution and the capitalist marketplace.
(b) The sovereign and the worker.
(c) The policeman and the drunkard.
(d) The bourgeois merchant and the Jewish banker.

2. What does Bataille say Nietzschean pride comes from?
(a) The power of language and the chaos of experience.
(b) Life's disintegration and the will to power.
(c) The desire for personal power but not for social power.
(d) The need for individuality in times when individuality is impossible.

3. What was Mussolini's relationship with Nietzsche?
(a) He claimed him as an ancestor.
(b) He named him as one of his inspirations.
(c) He did not cite his influence on fascism.
(d) He refuted his arguments.

4. What is classical utility theory inadequate to define, in Bataille's opinion?
(a) The value of tranquility.
(b) The value of religious belief.
(c) What is aesthetically valuable.
(d) What is useful to man.

5. What does Bataille say pyramids ensure?
(a) Glory for the monarchs inside them.
(b) The eternally egalitarian nature of death.
(c) Eternal life.
(d) Limitless sky on earth.

6. What does Bataille describe as the only truly liberating act?
(a) Art.
(b) Lovemaking.
(c) Suicide.
(d) Revolutionary destruction.

7. How is the question of 'what exists compared to what appears' resolved, in "Sacrifices"?
(a) By moving beyond questions of present and past.
(b) By answering what is required to exist for moral value.
(c) By accepting the duality of latent and manifest action.
(d) By unraveling the mystery of language.

8. What claim does Bataille make in "The Obelisk"?
(a) That fascism is centered on the monuments it builds to itself.
(b) That there is no mystery in the world of spirit.
(c) That nationalism is never carved in stone.
(d) That the past always has to be imported from elsewhere.

9. What does Bataille say is the only religion for fascists?
(a) Race.
(b) Power.
(c) Christianity.
(d) Technology.

10. Where does fascism originate?
(a) Among the rich who are threatened by an outside group.
(b) Among the poor who have nothing to establish power.
(c) Among the workers who seize control of the means of production.
(d) Among the middle classes who want to control the proletariat.

11. What does Bataille say scientists said about the dialectic?
(a) It was incompatible with science.
(b) It was demonstrated in evolution.
(c) It was a matter of faith.
(d) It was the one true science.

12. Whom does Bataille say can never touch the reality of earth?
(a) Capitalists.
(b) Those who do not understand it.
(c) Fascists.
(d) Those who exploit the earth for profit.

13. What does Bataille define as a way to humiliate, defy, or obligate a poorer person as a show of destruction of wealth?
(a) Public Assistance.
(b) Government subsidies.
(c) Potlatch.
(d) Welfare.

14. What did Hegel claim about nature?
(a) That it was the human soul externalized.
(b) That it contained the world-spirit.
(c) That it was unreasonable.
(d) That it was motivated by the Oversoul.

15. What does Bataille say is the contradiction in Christians worshiping God?
(a) They elevate God's power, but claim it for themselves alone.
(b) They keep the poor down while their worship exalts them.
(c) They only go to church one day a week, but work the other six in profane employments.
(d) They hold people to scripture in private life but not in the marketplace.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which of the following does Bataille NOT use as an example of unproductive expenditure without value beyond itself?

2. How does bourgeois society enslave and degrade poor men, in Bataille's opinion?

3. What movement does Bataille say in "The Sacred" was heir to Vincent Van Gogh and Rimbaud?

4. What does Bataille say man demanded of the earth?

5. When is the 'me' free to accept individuality and transcendence, in Bataille's opinion in "Sacrifices"?

(see the answer keys)

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