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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Under what conditions can a state be democratic, in Bataille's opinion?
(a) When homogeneity can be broken up peacefully.
(b) When heterogeneity happens spontaneously.
(c) When homogeneity happens spontaneously.
(d) When heterogeneity can be controlled with force.
2. What does Bataille say about meaning in "The Sorcerer's Apprentice"?
(a) Things cannot have meaning unless they are historical realities.
(b) Things can only have meaning if there is a consensus about them.
(c) Things can only have meaning when they are fictitious.
(d) Things can only have meaning if they motivate actions.
3. What does Bataille say democracy is based on?
(a) A weak opposition.
(b) Free speech.
(c) Free elections.
(d) Open debate.
4. How is the question of 'what exists compared to what appears' resolved, in "Sacrifices"?
(a) By unraveling the mystery of language.
(b) By answering what is required to exist for moral value.
(c) By accepting the duality of latent and manifest action.
(d) By moving beyond questions of present and past.
5. Which of the following does Bataille NOT use as an example of unproductive expenditure without value beyond itself?
(a) Public gardens.
6. What does Bataille say about a man who knows his neighbors?
(a) He is larger than himself in his connection with an organic whole.
(b) He is a particle connected by instability to an entangled whole.
(c) He replaces his life with the life of the community.
(d) He maintains his place in society by a network of lies and half-truths.
7. What does Bataille say scientists said about the dialectic?
(a) It was demonstrated in evolution.
(b) It was a matter of faith.
(c) It was the one true science.
(d) It was incompatible with science.
8. How did Andre Masson establish the tone of his book of drawings?
(a) With a drawing of God parting the clouds in judgment.
(b) With a drawing of a syphilis cell.
(c) With a drawing of an acephalic man.
(d) With a drawing of a prostitute.
9. What was Bataille summing up in his "Propositions"?
(a) His thoughts on Nietzschean metaphysics.
(b) His thoughts on the death of God.
(c) His thoughts on sex and perversity in modern life.
(d) His thoughts on modern culture.
10. What does Bataille say Nietzsche questions?
(a) How a people's technology can be fulfilled.
(b) How an ideal can be discovered in the past.
(c) How a people's spirit can be expressed.
(d) How an ideology can be invented.
11. What claim does Bataille make in "The Obelisk"?
(a) That there is no mystery in the world of spirit.
(b) That the past always has to be imported from elsewhere.
(c) That fascism is centered on the monuments it builds to itself.
(d) That nationalism is never carved in stone.
12. What does Bataille say poor people cannot stop rich people from doing?
(a) Wasting resources.
(b) Eluding prosecution for crimes.
(c) Helping the poor.
(d) Buying influence.
13. What does Bataille say the world offers modern man to love?
(a) God and religion.
(b) A society to be assumed.
(c) Nothing beyond self-interest.
(d) The progress of capitalism to communism.
14. What approaches to Hegel's philosophy did Nicolai Hartmann compare?
(a) Verbal and reality-based.
(b) Practical and theoretical.
(c) Feminist and modernist.
(d) Historical and philosophical.
15. How did Engels and Hartmann differ on the tenets of Hegel's "Philosophy of Nature"?
(a) Engels was indifferent to them, but Hartmann did not believe them.
(b) Engels believed them, but Hartmann was indifferent.
(c) Engels did not believe them, but Hartmann did.
(d) Engels believed them, but Hartmann did not.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Bataille describe as a symptom of cultural crisis?
2. What does Bataille say is the only religion for fascists?
3. When is the 'me' free to accept individuality and transcendence, in Bataille's opinion in "Sacrifices"?
4. Who developed the theory of conspicuous consumption?
5. What are the two forms of heterogeneity Bataille introduces in "Psychological Structure of Fascism"?
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