Visions of Excess: Selected Writings, 1927-1939 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following does Bataille NOT use as an example of unproductive expenditure without value beyond itself?
(a) War.
(b) Luxuries.
(c) Public gardens.
(d) Art.

2. How did fascists see Nietzsche?
(a) As a traitor.
(b) As a prosecutor.
(c) As a martyr.
(d) As a primary ancestor.

3. How does bourgeois society enslave and degrade poor men, in Bataille's opinion?
(a) By keeping them poor.
(b) By showering them with goods.
(c) By preventing them getting medical attention.
(d) By forcing them to compete with machines.

4. What did professor Hartmann dispute about the treatment of the Marx/Hegel dialectic?
(a) He objects that it is not a law of reality.
(b) He objects that it is not grounded in political science.
(c) He objects that it is only applicable in certain cases.
(d) He objects that it is based on pseudo-science.

5. What type of men's 'being' does Bataille compare in "The Labyrinth"?
(a) An important man and a wanderer.
(b) A worker and a sovereign.
(c) A worker and a store-keeper.
(d) A man and a woman.

6. How is the question of 'what exists compared to what appears' resolved, in "Sacrifices"?
(a) By answering what is required to exist for moral value.
(b) By moving beyond questions of present and past.
(c) By accepting the duality of latent and manifest action.
(d) By unraveling the mystery of language.

7. Where does fascism originate?
(a) Among the rich who are threatened by an outside group.
(b) Among the poor who have nothing to establish power.
(c) Among the middle classes who want to control the proletariat.
(d) Among the workers who seize control of the means of production.

8. What approaches to Hegel's philosophy did Nicolai Hartmann compare?
(a) Verbal and reality-based.
(b) Historical and philosophical.
(c) Feminist and modernist.
(d) Practical and theoretical.

9. Who is the audience for "The Practice of Joy before Death"?
(a) Those who believe in no beyond.
(b) Those who believe in man's innate divinity.
(c) Those who are ill.
(d) The Catholic Church.

10. What does the cross demand, at the end of "Sacrifices"?
(a) Embrace in struggle.
(b) Struggle with the lower self.
(c) Freedom from struggle.
(d) Struggle with insurmountable obstacles.

11. What does Bataille describe as the result of individuals asking critical questions, in "Nietzschean Chronicle"?
(a) Decomposition of civilization.
(b) Religious persecution.
(c) The development of high society.
(d) The emergence of civilization.

12. What value does money articulate for workers?
(a) The value of what they produce.
(b) The value of their ideas.
(c) The value of their personal worth.
(d) The value of their status.

13. What does Bataille define as a way to humiliate, defy, or obligate a poorer person as a show of destruction of wealth?
(a) Public Assistance.
(b) Potlatch.
(c) Welfare.
(d) Government subsidies.

14. Why is classical utility theory inadequate, in Bataille's opinion?
(a) Utility theory relies on principles like honor and duty.
(b) Utility theory is not compatible with the Marxist imperative of class revolution.
(c) Utility theory disregards values like honor and virtue.
(d) Utility theory mystifies economics with talk of revolution.

15. What feeling does Bataille say grows in response to revolutionaries?
(a) Disillusionment.
(b) Faith.
(c) Distrust.
(d) Messianism.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Bataille say poor people cannot stop rich people from doing?

2. What does Bataille say is the only religion for fascists?

3. What does Bataille say democracy is based on?

4. What tone did Andre Masson establish in his drawings?

5. What does Bataille describe as the only truly liberating act?

(see the answer keys)

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