Visions of Excess: Selected Writings, 1927-1939 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Bataille say is the only virtue for fascists?
(a) History.
(b) Germany.
(c) Language.
(d) Religion.

2. How is the question of 'what exists compared to what appears' resolved, in "Sacrifices"?
(a) By unraveling the mystery of language.
(b) By accepting the duality of latent and manifest action.
(c) By answering what is required to exist for moral value.
(d) By moving beyond questions of present and past.

3. What type of men's 'being' does Bataille compare in "The Labyrinth"?
(a) An important man and a wanderer.
(b) A worker and a sovereign.
(c) A man and a woman.
(d) A worker and a store-keeper.

4. What is the significance of the image of the labyrinth in the "The Labyrinth"?
(a) It is a symbol of man's inner state.
(b) It is a metaphor for social existence.
(c) It represents the deadly stakes in self-knowledge.
(d) It is a metaphor for being.

5. What was Mussolini's relationship with Nietzsche?
(a) He named him as one of his inspirations.
(b) He refuted his arguments.
(c) He did not cite his influence on fascism.
(d) He claimed him as an ancestor.

6. What does Bataille say the world offers modern man to love?
(a) Nothing beyond self-interest.
(b) God and religion.
(c) The progress of capitalism to communism.
(d) A society to be assumed.

7. What are the two classes Bataille divides consumption into?
(a) Conspicuous consumption and invisible consumption.
(b) Productive consumption and wasteful consumption.
(c) Sacrificial consumption and gift consumption.
(d) Conservation of life and productive activity.

8. When is the 'me' free to accept individuality and transcendence, in Bataille's opinion in "Sacrifices"?
(a) When it is dying in peace.
(b) When it is dying in freedom.
(c) When it is dying in religion.
(d) When it is dying by violence.

9. How does bourgeois society enslave and degrade poor men, in Bataille's opinion?
(a) By forcing them to compete with machines.
(b) By keeping them poor.
(c) By preventing them getting medical attention.
(d) By showering them with goods.

10. What does Bataille describe as the only truly liberating act?
(a) Art.
(b) Lovemaking.
(c) Suicide.
(d) Revolutionary destruction.

11. What is classical utility theory inadequate to define, in Bataille's opinion?
(a) The value of religious belief.
(b) What is useful to man.
(c) What is aesthetically valuable.
(d) The value of tranquility.

12. What was Nietzsche's life dominated by, in Bataille's account?
(a) Stifled affection for a woman.
(b) Aggression toward the social world.
(c) Puzzles in which he could see the nature of society.
(d) Obsession with a lost world.

13. What does Bataille describe in "The Critique of the Foundations of the Hegelian Dialectic"?
(a) How Marx's dialectic method was misinterpreted.
(b) How Marx's dialectic method was critiqued.
(c) How Hegel's dialectic method inspired revolutions.
(d) How Marx's dialectic method was developed.

14. From what does Bataille say Alfred Baumler distilled a doctrine of the people's will to power?
(a) Nietzschean politics.
(b) Nietzschean metaphor.
(c) Nietzschean contradiction.
(d) Nietzschean religion.

15. Why is classical utility theory inadequate, in Bataille's opinion?
(a) Utility theory relies on principles like honor and duty.
(b) Utility theory is not compatible with the Marxist imperative of class revolution.
(c) Utility theory disregards values like honor and virtue.
(d) Utility theory mystifies economics with talk of revolution.

Short Answer Questions

1. What aspect of the Marx/Hegel dialectic did professor Hartmann test?

2. With whose picture does Bataille say Nietzsche's picture was paired?

3. Which of the following does Bataille NOT use as an example of unproductive expenditure without value beyond itself?

4. How did Engels and Hartmann differ on the tenets of Hegel's "Philosophy of Nature"?

5. What results from acting in specialized areas, in Bataille's opinion in "The Labyrinth"?

(see the answer keys)

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