Truman Test | Final Test - Medium

David McCullough
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the origination of the term "pinko?"
(a) When a difference was pointed out between a red Communist and a lesser dedicated Communist, a pink one.
(b) Pinko was an affectionate name Harry gave Bess
(c) Pinko referred to men who wore women's clothes
(d) It is a shortened version ofthe term pinkolator which was a brand of coffee maker

2. What country's military is in possession of Potsdam at the time of the conference?
(a) Soviet Union
(b) Mexico
(c) Germany
(d) Canada

3. Which of Truman's family members accompanied him on the campaign trail?
(a) His mother and father
(b) His sister and mother
(c) Bess and Margaret
(d) His brother and his brother's wife and sons

4. What was Truman's primary goal of the Potsdam Conference?
(a) To get Stalin to commit to entering the war against Japan
(b) To tell the other countries about the atom bomb
(c) To find an excuse to use the atom bomb
(d) To see Europe for free

5. How did the three world leaders enter the conference room in Potsdam?
(a) They were all on teleconference and did not use the doors
(b) Through the kitchen door
(c) By three separate doors
(d) Through the main door

Short Answer Questions

1. During Churchill's speech in Missouri, as a guest of Truman, what term does Churchill use to describe the Soviet Union presence that became a common term?

2. Why was it so important to create an Atomic Energy Commission?

3. What famous landmark did Churchill visit when in Berlin?

4. What new civilian agency is set up under Truman's presidency?

5. Which country chose not to participate in the Marshall Plan and thereby caused several more countries in that bloc to pull out?

Short Essay Questions

1. The title for this chapter is "The Heat in the Kitchen." The author is referring to the intense pressures Truman experienced as he was also beginning his run for the presidency. List each of these pressures, and then describe how Truman dealt with them. When this report is done, write an essay outlining Truman's approach to dealing with issues, and whether or not you think his methods were appropriate.

2. Truman's own party did not actively support him in his bid for the election, even through fundraising. Why?

3. When Robert Oppenheimer, the director of the Manhattan Project, comes to see Truman, the President is made uncomfortable about the visit. Why?

4. How did Truman react to political pressure regarding his bid for Presidency? Give specific examples.

5. Did Truman conduct himself as a world leader in Potsdam? Give examples to support your answer.

6. In the issue of a President serving more than two terms, what is your opinion regarding 1) in agreement with the limit or 2) in opposition of the limit. Give at least three points for your argument.

7. The title of this chapter is "The Buck Stops Here." Where does this expression come from and how does it apply to Harry Truman?

8. Choose one of the following issues confronting Truman in this chapter: 1) Soviet acquisition of the atom bomb, 2) North Korea invading South Korea, 3) the Berlin Airlift, or 4) rise of Senator McCarthy. In your essay, outline how Truman and his administration handled the press regarding this issue. In your opinion, was the situation presented to the public in a good way?

9. Why did Truman choose Stevenson as his successor?

10. Why did Stevenson distance himself from Truman during the campaign for President? Was this wise?

(see the answer keys)

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