Truman Test | Final Test - Medium

David McCullough
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How old was Truman when his second term as president began?
(a) 64
(b) 73
(c) 50
(d) 29

2. How did the leaders entertain each other in the evenings of the conference?
(a) Dinners and musical entertainment
(b) Watching football on televsion
(c) Listening to baseball games on the radio
(d) Dancing with the town women

3. How old was Truman when he passed away?
(a) 88
(b) 103
(c) 35
(d) 55

4. How many months had Truman been President before both Germany and Japan surrendered?
(a) Four
(b) Three
(c) Six
(d) One

5. How did the three world leaders enter the conference room in Potsdam?
(a) Through the kitchen door
(b) By three separate doors
(c) They were all on teleconference and did not use the doors
(d) Through the main door

Short Answer Questions

1. Who is Truman's first choice for his replacement as President?

2. During Churchill's speech in Missouri, as a guest of Truman, what term does Churchill use to describe the Soviet Union presence that became a common term?

3. What was a whistle-stop?

4. Who was the leader of the Dixiecrats?

5. Why doesn't the military deploy more divisions in North Korea?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did Truman react to political pressure regarding his bid for Presidency? Give specific examples.

2. Roosevelt was unable to move without assistance, but Truman is a fast walker and a man who moves quickly and with determination. The Secret Service had to completely change their tactics to protect the President. How did this affect their procedures and organization? Do you think President Truman, based upon what you have read about him so far, was easy to work with regarding his movements around Washington DC?

3. Read the coverage of the speech Truman gave on March 12, 1947, page 547 in the book. This became known as the Truman Doctrine. Why?

4. Choose one of the following issues confronting Truman in this chapter: 1) Soviet acquisition of the atom bomb, 2) North Korea invading South Korea, 3) the Berlin Airlift, or 4) rise of Senator McCarthy. In your essay, outline how Truman and his administration handled the press regarding this issue. In your opinion, was the situation presented to the public in a good way?

5. The title of this chapter is "The Buck Stops Here." Where does this expression come from and how does it apply to Harry Truman?

6. When the Trumans take an automobile trip across the nation, they are shocked at how many people recognize them and want to see them. Why?

7. Truman had corresponded with Churchill and Stalin, but had never met either of these leaders before Potsdam. Read through Chapter 10 again, noting Truman's observations of the two men. Pretending you are a reporter for an American newspaper, write an article describing the two men from Truman's view.

8. The title for this chapter is "The Heat in the Kitchen." The author is referring to the intense pressures Truman experienced as he was also beginning his run for the presidency. List each of these pressures, and then describe how Truman dealt with them. When this report is done, write an essay outlining Truman's approach to dealing with issues, and whether or not you think his methods were appropriate.

9. In the issue of a President serving more than two terms, what is your opinion regarding 1) in agreement with the limit or 2) in opposition of the limit. Give at least three points for your argument.

10. When Truman is on a state trip to Mexico, he visits the grave of the child heroes. Why did this act mean so much to the Mexican people?

(see the answer keys)

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