Truman Test | Final Test - Medium

David McCullough
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why was it so important to create an Atomic Energy Commission?
(a) To prevent spies from access to the secrets
(b) To provide civilian, not military, control of this new awesome power
(c) To make Truman look good
(d) To have a method of channeling funding to the project

2. Who do Truman's supporters and staff encourage him to fire as a result of Fulbright's Senate committee report?
(a) General MacArthur
(b) Bill Boyle, Democratic National Chairman
(c) George Patton
(d) George Marshall

3. Why doesn't the military deploy more divisions in North Korea?
(a) MacArthur refuses to allow it
(b) Without depleting the European military presence, there are no more divisions.
(c) The Allies won't allow it
(d) Truman does not think it is necessary

4. How many months had Truman been President before both Germany and Japan surrendered?
(a) Four
(b) Six
(c) Three
(d) One

5. How many people did the bomb actually kill in Hiroshima?
(a) 2000
(b) None
(c) Two million
(d) 200,000

Short Answer Questions

1. What is Adlai Stevenson's position when he runs for President?

2. What happens to Margaret after her father finishes her Presidential terms?

3. How much monthly income did Truman have after leaving the office of president?

4. What is one Presidential first that is mentioned in this chapter?

5. How did the three world leaders enter the conference room in Potsdam?

Short Essay Questions

1. Truman's own party did not actively support him in his bid for the election, even through fundraising. Why?

2. When Robert Oppenheimer, the director of the Manhattan Project, comes to see Truman, the President is made uncomfortable about the visit. Why?

3. Truman had corresponded with Churchill and Stalin, but had never met either of these leaders before Potsdam. Read through Chapter 10 again, noting Truman's observations of the two men. Pretending you are a reporter for an American newspaper, write an article describing the two men from Truman's view.

4. Read the coverage of the speech Truman gave on March 12, 1947, page 547 in the book. This became known as the Truman Doctrine. Why?

5. The title for this chapter is "The Heat in the Kitchen." The author is referring to the intense pressures Truman experienced as he was also beginning his run for the presidency. List each of these pressures, and then describe how Truman dealt with them. When this report is done, write an essay outlining Truman's approach to dealing with issues, and whether or not you think his methods were appropriate.

6. Compare the way reporters on the Truman campaign trail were treated as opposed to the reporters on the Dewey train. How was this indicative of the campaigns themselves?

7. In the issue of a President serving more than two terms, what is your opinion regarding 1) in agreement with the limit or 2) in opposition of the limit. Give at least three points for your argument.

8. The title of this chapter is "The Buck Stops Here." Where does this expression come from and how does it apply to Harry Truman?

9. Did Truman conduct himself as a world leader in Potsdam? Give examples to support your answer.

10. Why did Truman choose Stevenson as his successor?

(see the answer keys)

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