Truman Test | Final Test - Medium

David McCullough
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where was the American's atom bomb tested?
(a) Bikini Atoll
(b) New Mexico
(c) Washington DC
(d) California

2. What happened to the President's normal work when he was on the campaign trail?
(a) It continued as before from Truman's desk on the train
(b) His staff collected all the papers and held them until he arrived home
(c) The vice president handled everything
(d) Bess took care of it

3. Which of Truman's family members accompanied him on the campaign trail?
(a) Bess and Margaret
(b) His mother and father
(c) His sister and mother
(d) His brother and his brother's wife and sons

4. At the end of the war, how many service men and women were coming back to the American work force?
(a) 10 million
(b) 12 million
(c) 1 million
(d) None - they all re-enlisted

5. What geographical designation separated South Korea from North Korea?
(a) The Yang River
(b) The Alps
(c) The 41st parallel
(d) 38th Parallel

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the Turnip Congress? .

2. What industry does Truman attempt to turn over to government control in April of 1952?

3. Why doesn't the military deploy more divisions in North Korea?

4. Which country was able to assemble an atomic bomb after the USA?

5. Who did Truman choose to replace Marshall as his Secretary of State?

Short Essay Questions

1. In the 1960 election, Acheson admonishes Truman to be careful about what he says. How much influence can an ex-president have in future elections?

2. The title for this chapter is "The Heat in the Kitchen." The author is referring to the intense pressures Truman experienced as he was also beginning his run for the presidency. List each of these pressures, and then describe how Truman dealt with them. When this report is done, write an essay outlining Truman's approach to dealing with issues, and whether or not you think his methods were appropriate.

3. Did Truman conduct himself as a world leader in Potsdam? Give examples to support your answer.

4. When Robert Oppenheimer, the director of the Manhattan Project, comes to see Truman, the President is made uncomfortable about the visit. Why?

5. Truman's own party did not actively support him in his bid for the election, even through fundraising. Why?

6. Roosevelt was unable to move without assistance, but Truman is a fast walker and a man who moves quickly and with determination. The Secret Service had to completely change their tactics to protect the President. How did this affect their procedures and organization? Do you think President Truman, based upon what you have read about him so far, was easy to work with regarding his movements around Washington DC?

7. Stalin is described as a personable, likable man; yet he ordered the murder of millions of people in his own country. Was there any indication in the activities of the Potsdam Conference that reveal this side of his character? Give examples.

8. Read the coverage of the speech Truman gave on March 12, 1947, page 547 in the book. This became known as the Truman Doctrine. Why?

9. Describe General MacArthur, covering the following points: 1) appearance, 2) method of speaking, 3) personality as described in the book.

10. Truman had corresponded with Churchill and Stalin, but had never met either of these leaders before Potsdam. Read through Chapter 10 again, noting Truman's observations of the two men. Pretending you are a reporter for an American newspaper, write an article describing the two men from Truman's view.

(see the answer keys)

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