Truman Test | Final Test - Medium

David McCullough
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. At the end of the war, how many service men and women were coming back to the American work force?
(a) 12 million
(b) None - they all re-enlisted
(c) 1 million
(d) 10 million

2. Who was the leader of the Dixiecrats?
(a) Henry Wallace
(b) Strom Thurmond
(c) Jefferson Davis
(d) Adlai Stevenson

3. During Churchill's speech in Missouri, as a guest of Truman, what term does Churchill use to describe the Soviet Union presence that became a common term?
(a) Iron Curtain
(b) Axis of Evil
(c) Berlin Wall
(d) OPEC

4. What industry does Truman attempt to turn over to government control in April of 1952?
(a) Steel mills
(b) Computer
(c) Automobile
(d) Ship Building

5. Which of Truman's family members accompanied him on the campaign trail?
(a) His mother and father
(b) His brother and his brother's wife and sons
(c) His sister and mother
(d) Bess and Margaret

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the Turnip Congress? .

2. Who in the government has the final say regarding military matters?

3. How many months had Truman been President before both Germany and Japan surrendered?

4. Who did Truman choose to replace Marshall as his Secretary of State?

5. What career is Margaret Truman pursuing?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why was it so important for MacArthur and Truman to be in agreement on the military policy towards Korea and China?

2. Roosevelt was unable to move without assistance, but Truman is a fast walker and a man who moves quickly and with determination. The Secret Service had to completely change their tactics to protect the President. How did this affect their procedures and organization? Do you think President Truman, based upon what you have read about him so far, was easy to work with regarding his movements around Washington DC?

3. Truman had corresponded with Churchill and Stalin, but had never met either of these leaders before Potsdam. Read through Chapter 10 again, noting Truman's observations of the two men. Pretending you are a reporter for an American newspaper, write an article describing the two men from Truman's view.

4. How did Truman react to political pressure regarding his bid for Presidency? Give specific examples.

5. Truman's own party did not actively support him in his bid for the election, even through fundraising. Why?

6. Choose one of the following issues confronting Truman in this chapter: 1) Soviet acquisition of the atom bomb, 2) North Korea invading South Korea, 3) the Berlin Airlift, or 4) rise of Senator McCarthy. In your essay, outline how Truman and his administration handled the press regarding this issue. In your opinion, was the situation presented to the public in a good way?

7. In the 1960 election, Acheson admonishes Truman to be careful about what he says. How much influence can an ex-president have in future elections?

8. When the Trumans take an automobile trip across the nation, they are shocked at how many people recognize them and want to see them. Why?

9. Describe General MacArthur, covering the following points: 1) appearance, 2) method of speaking, 3) personality as described in the book.

10. Stalin is described as a personable, likable man; yet he ordered the murder of millions of people in his own country. Was there any indication in the activities of the Potsdam Conference that reveal this side of his character? Give examples.

(see the answer keys)

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