Truman Test | Final Test - Medium

David McCullough
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who in the government has the final say regarding military matters?
(a) The Vice President
(b) Supreme Commander of the Forces
(c) Secretary of State
(d) The President

2. What country's military is in possession of Potsdam at the time of the conference?
(a) Soviet Union
(b) Canada
(c) Mexico
(d) Germany

3. Why was it so important to create an Atomic Energy Commission?
(a) To have a method of channeling funding to the project
(b) To prevent spies from access to the secrets
(c) To make Truman look good
(d) To provide civilian, not military, control of this new awesome power

4. What happens to the White House during Truman's second term?
(a) It burns down
(b) It is completely renovated
(c) An airplane crashes into it
(d) It is attacked by the British

5. How much monthly income did Truman have after leaving the office of president?
(a) $50,000
(b) $112.56 per month
(c) $10,000 per month
(d) $200

Short Answer Questions

1. Who do Truman's supporters and staff encourage him to fire as a result of Fulbright's Senate committee report?

2. What longtime cabinet member resigns due to a disagreement with Truman?

3. In what country was Potsdam located?

4. Which country chose not to participate in the Marshall Plan and thereby caused several more countries in that bloc to pull out?

5. When dividing up Germany, what geographical descriptions did the Potsdam Conference use?

Short Essay Questions

1. Roosevelt was unable to move without assistance, but Truman is a fast walker and a man who moves quickly and with determination. The Secret Service had to completely change their tactics to protect the President. How did this affect their procedures and organization? Do you think President Truman, based upon what you have read about him so far, was easy to work with regarding his movements around Washington DC?

2. When Robert Oppenheimer, the director of the Manhattan Project, comes to see Truman, the President is made uncomfortable about the visit. Why?

3. The title of this chapter is "The Buck Stops Here." Where does this expression come from and how does it apply to Harry Truman?

4. How did Truman react to political pressure regarding his bid for Presidency? Give specific examples.

5. When Truman is on a state trip to Mexico, he visits the grave of the child heroes. Why did this act mean so much to the Mexican people?

6. Stalin is described as a personable, likable man; yet he ordered the murder of millions of people in his own country. Was there any indication in the activities of the Potsdam Conference that reveal this side of his character? Give examples.

7. Truman had corresponded with Churchill and Stalin, but had never met either of these leaders before Potsdam. Read through Chapter 10 again, noting Truman's observations of the two men. Pretending you are a reporter for an American newspaper, write an article describing the two men from Truman's view.

8. Truman's own party did not actively support him in his bid for the election, even through fundraising. Why?

9. When the Trumans take an automobile trip across the nation, they are shocked at how many people recognize them and want to see them. Why?

10. The title for this chapter is "The Heat in the Kitchen." The author is referring to the intense pressures Truman experienced as he was also beginning his run for the presidency. List each of these pressures, and then describe how Truman dealt with them. When this report is done, write an essay outlining Truman's approach to dealing with issues, and whether or not you think his methods were appropriate.

(see the answer keys)

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