Truman Test | Final Test - Medium

David McCullough
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What happens to the White House during Truman's second term?
(a) It burns down
(b) It is attacked by the British
(c) An airplane crashes into it
(d) It is completely renovated

2. What was the name of President Truman's custom built railway car?
(a) Pullman Car #3457113
(b) The Ferdinand Magellan
(c) The George Washington
(d) The Titanic

3. How old was Truman when his second term as president began?
(a) 64
(b) 29
(c) 50
(d) 73

4. Who were "The Big Three" of the Potsdam conference?
(a) Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin
(b) Truman, DeGaulle and Patton
(c) Gorbachev, Bush and Truman
(d) Truman, Churchill and Stalin

5. What was the origination of the term "pinko?"
(a) It is a shortened version ofthe term pinkolator which was a brand of coffee maker
(b) When a difference was pointed out between a red Communist and a lesser dedicated Communist, a pink one.
(c) Pinko was an affectionate name Harry gave Bess
(d) Pinko referred to men who wore women's clothes

Short Answer Questions

1. How old was Truman when he passed away?

2. Who was Truman's Vice President before Barkley?

3. Who of Truman's long time friends was most instrumental in advising him regarding the Palestine problem?

4. How many months had Truman been President before both Germany and Japan surrendered?

5. Who was the leader of the Dixiecrats?

Short Essay Questions

1. Truman had corresponded with Churchill and Stalin, but had never met either of these leaders before Potsdam. Read through Chapter 10 again, noting Truman's observations of the two men. Pretending you are a reporter for an American newspaper, write an article describing the two men from Truman's view.

2. Stalin is described as a personable, likable man; yet he ordered the murder of millions of people in his own country. Was there any indication in the activities of the Potsdam Conference that reveal this side of his character? Give examples.

3. Did Truman conduct himself as a world leader in Potsdam? Give examples to support your answer.

4. Describe General MacArthur, covering the following points: 1) appearance, 2) method of speaking, 3) personality as described in the book.

5. The title for this chapter is "The Heat in the Kitchen." The author is referring to the intense pressures Truman experienced as he was also beginning his run for the presidency. List each of these pressures, and then describe how Truman dealt with them. When this report is done, write an essay outlining Truman's approach to dealing with issues, and whether or not you think his methods were appropriate.

6. Choose one of the following issues confronting Truman in this chapter: 1) Soviet acquisition of the atom bomb, 2) North Korea invading South Korea, 3) the Berlin Airlift, or 4) rise of Senator McCarthy. In your essay, outline how Truman and his administration handled the press regarding this issue. In your opinion, was the situation presented to the public in a good way?

7. Roosevelt was unable to move without assistance, but Truman is a fast walker and a man who moves quickly and with determination. The Secret Service had to completely change their tactics to protect the President. How did this affect their procedures and organization? Do you think President Truman, based upon what you have read about him so far, was easy to work with regarding his movements around Washington DC?

8. Truman's own party did not actively support him in his bid for the election, even through fundraising. Why?

9. Why was it so important for MacArthur and Truman to be in agreement on the military policy towards Korea and China?

10. Why did Truman choose Stevenson as his successor?

(see the answer keys)

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