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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Trotsky say would be necessary before Russia could have a socialist revolution?
(a) Socialist revolutions in other countries.
(b) A world war to change the balance of power in Europe.
(c) America would have to suppress its communists with violence.
(d) A transition to free markets for labor and goods.
2. How does Edmund Wilson describe Ferdinand Lassalle?
(a) As the philosopher who was the final straw in the development of socialism.
(b) As the spokesman for the next phase of German socialism.
(c) As a disciple of Marx's.
(d) As an agent provocateur from the German government.
3. What organization did Lassalle establish?
(a) The General Union of German Workers.
(b) International Working Men's Association.
(c) The Syndicate of Technical Workers and Artists.
(d) The German Communist Party.
4. What was the state of the Russian intelligentsia in the end of the 19th century?
(b) Decadent and disconnected.
(c) Fervent with revolutionary rhetoric.
5. Where did Trotsky go after he escaped from Russia?
6. How is the "Communist Manifesto" described?
(a) The methods a revolutionary party should employ.
(b) A legal defense of a workers' revolution.
(c) The tools for bringing a revolution.
(d) A post-revolutionary society.
7. What industrial facility did Engels grow up across the river from?
(a) An iron works.
(b) A bottling plant.
(c) A coal mine.
(d) A textile factory.
8. What were Marx and Engels trying to define after writing "The Condition of the Working Class in England"?
(a) Their own individual philosophies.
(b) A grounds for opposing the ruling classes.
(c) A revolutionary moment.
(d) An excuse for starting a class war.
9. How did Lenin differ from the German Marxists?
(a) He felt that historical processes required intervention.
(b) He preached reconciliation with the bourgeoisie as a method of bringing about the workers' state.
(c) He thought that historical processes could only be accomplished by consensus.
(d) He simply waited for historical processes to accomplish themselves.
10. How does a dialectical system progress?
(a) Systems remain vital by bringing opposing views into dialogue.
(b) The thesis is negated by the antithesis, and the conflict produces a new synthesis.
(c) A dominant culture spawns emergent cultures that become dominant in turn.
(d) Institutions grow by repressing or appropriating internal movements.
11. How does Edmund Wilson describe Marx's study of economics?
(a) As a prediction of communism.
(b) As a prophecy of socialism.
(c) As a snapshot of Marx's moment.
(d) As a study of capitalism.
12. Who converted Engels in Cologne?
13. How did Marx review Proudhon's book on private property?
(a) With a short, dismissive review.
(b) With a book of his own.
(c) With a hagiography.
(d) With a glowing, appreciative review.
14. What thinker did Marx return to after he broke with Proudhon?
15. Where did Trotsky place his first political sympathies?
(a) With the Communists.
(b) With the Tsar.
(c) With the intellectuals.
(d) With the Populists.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Marx and Engels see as the end of capitalism?
2. Describe Trotsky's early relationship with Lenin.
3. Where was Engels working while he and Marx were writing articles together?
4. According to Edmund Wilson's account, why didn't Marx and Engels consider Russia as a site of the first revolution?
5. What was the one condition on which Proudhon agreed to Marx's project?
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