The World's Religions Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Huston Smith
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How did the Taoist church devise a way of harnessing higher power for human benefit?
(a) By assuming the reality of magical intervention
(b) By opening schools for magicians
(c) By organizing religious retreats
(d) By perfecting astrology

2. What is the viewpoint of the Theravada Buddhist?
(a) It denies the idea of reincarnation.
(b) It insists that the path to enlightenment is up to the individual.
(c) It teaches that only monks can reach enlightenment.
(d) It proposes a collective attempt to reach nirvana.

3. How is the idea of heaven and earth viewed in Confucianism?
(a) Heaven and Earth in Confucianism are looked upon as a continuum
(b) Heaven is the abode of the ancesters and should be forgotten
(c) Heaven is ignored completely
(d) Heaven is the place where earthly questions are answered

4. What physical exercise was developed by Taoists?
(a) The chin-up
(b) The t'ai ch'i chuan
(c) The raja yoga
(d) The kung-fu

5. What seems to be the appeal bhakti yoga?
(a) Its humanness rather than a more esoteric approach to religion.
(b) Its universality that may be applied to any religion.
(c) Its many different ways to identify oneself.
(d) Its ease and comfort of practice.

6. How does Confucianism conflict with the yogi idea of finding God?
(a) Confucius said finding God was impossible unless one became a hermit.
(b) Confucius taught that only through self analysis could one ever find God.
(c) Confucius believed that it takes two or three people meditating together to find God.
(d) Confucius put the individual squarely in the middle of human contact to perfect a social order.

7. What was the conflicting idea of Mohism during Confucius' time?
(a) Mohism taught social order through love alone.
(b) Mohism taught that there was no God.
(c) Mohism taught communal living as the answer.
(d) Mohism taught that no laws are needed.

8. To what other notable teacher has Confucius been compared?
(a) Aristotle
(b) Horace Mann
(c) Jesus
(d) Socrates

9. What is the Hindu concept of galaxies of finer or courser natures?
(a) These are illusions with which man must deal.
(b) These are obstacles to be reasoned out.
(c) These are paths the spirit travels in quest of God.
(d) These are other life forms in the universe.

10. What is the Chinese concept of ch'i?
(a) Vital energy
(b) Clearing the mind
(c) Herbal tea remedies
(d) Spirituality

11. What appears to be a contradiction in Taoist thought?
(a) The earthly versus the esoteric
(b) The idea of teaching the unteachable
(c) The ideas of reality and the supernatural
(d) The three different senses

12. How does the yogi eliminate distractions of the mind during raja yoga?
(a) The yogi lies flat of his back.
(b) The yogi concentrates on reading.
(c) The yogi concentrates on one thing to the exclusion of all others.
(d) The yogi puts cotton in his ears.

13. What is the main departure of Tibetan Buddhism?
(a) No begging for food
(b) It enables achieving nirvana within a single lifetime.
(c) Prayer wheels and magic bells
(d) Doing away with monks' robes

14. Who profits most from raja yoga?
(a) Those who have not achieved mental clarity
(b) Those of royal lineage
(c) Those with a scientific bent
(d) Those who visit ashrams

15. What was transformed into the diamond scepter of Buddhism?
(a) The temporal and spiritual authority of the Dalai Lama
(b) The thunderbolt of Indra
(c) Converting sounds into holy formulas
(d) Mandalas which offer visual icons

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the subject matter of the Buddha's first sermon?

2. What is the idea behind karma yoga as work?

3. How was the "Old boy" of Taoism often seen?

4. How is Western thought different from Hinduism in the matter of imperfection?

5. According to Hinduism who has the spiritual ideas of infinite being, infinite awareness, and infinite bliss?

(see the answer keys)

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