The World's Religions Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Huston Smith
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Hinduism stress what the human mind must leave out?
(a) Because human mind is adapted to deal with money.
(b) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the finite.
(c) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the universe.
(d) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the family.

2. What is the Taoist outlook on good and evil?
(a) They have nothing to do with yin/yang.
(b) They are not opposites but revolve around each other.
(c) They are one and the same thing.
(d) They are representations of heaven and earth.

3. What was transformed into the diamond scepter of Buddhism?
(a) The temporal and spiritual authority of the Dalai Lama
(b) Mandalas which offer visual icons
(c) The thunderbolt of Indra
(d) Converting sounds into holy formulas

4. Who is credited as the originator of Taoism?
(a) Lao Tzu
(b) Mao Tse-tung
(c) Kublai Khan
(d) Confucius

5. What is it that Taoists reject?
(a) Group dynamics of equality
(b) Work without working
(c) Quietude as a means of simplifying life
(d) All forms of competition or ambition to stand out

6. What did religious Taoism accommodate that other religions in China did not?
(a) Feng Shui
(b) Fortune telling, soothsaying, shamans, and faith healers
(c) Religious garments
(d) T'ai ch'i

7. What happened to Confucius texts?
(a) They were lost and handed down only verbally.
(b) They were destroyed by Kublai Khan.
(c) They were kept secret for 1,000 years.
(d) They became mandatory disciplines for Chinese government officials.

8. How does Hinduism see life?
(a) As the main source of suffering
(b) On a continuum that moves naturally through all the stages
(c) As something to be ignored
(d) As a way to stay young

9. How does Confucianism conflict with the yogi idea of finding God?
(a) Confucius believed that it takes two or three people meditating together to find God.
(b) Confucius put the individual squarely in the middle of human contact to perfect a social order.
(c) Confucius taught that only through self analysis could one ever find God.
(d) Confucius said finding God was impossible unless one became a hermit.

10. What are the Hindu stages of life?
(a) Fetus, birth, education, work
(b) Student, marriage, retirement, detachment
(c) Infant, student, career, enjoyment
(d) Birth, separation, retirement, death

11. Under what condition does Hinduism allow for self-gratification of the senses?
(a) So long as it is only for spiritual growth
(b) So long as it benefits society
(c) So long as it does not harm others
(d) So long as it does not last long

12. According to Hinduism, what are the two receptors that control the lives of humans?
(a) Those of suffering and vocation
(b) Those of pleasure and pain
(c) Those of spiritual and material matters
(d) Those of ignorance and education

13. What is the idea of the spirit in Hinduism?
(a) It does not exist apart from the mind.
(b) The spirit is eternal and changes its habitation when it outgrows an old one.
(c) It is the exclusive property of the body.
(d) It dies with the body that houses it.

14. How might the rise of Buddhism be compared to the Protestant Reformation?
(a) It started as a rebellion against a human head of religion.
(b) It was a reaction to the excesses of the Hinduism of the day.
(c) It started by Siddhartha nailing theses to a temple door.
(d) It started because people could not read.

15. What was the subject matter of the Buddha's first sermon?
(a) The Wheel of Fortune
(b) The Way to Enlightenment
(c) The Eight-fold Path
(d) The Four Nobel Truths

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the Zen koan?

2. What do the guidelines for right conduct in Buddhism resemble?

3. What is more or less the same in all forms of Buddhism?

4. What type of yoga approaches religion on the basis of work?

5. What is the follower of wu wei said to be able to do?

(see the answer keys)

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