The World's Religions Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Huston Smith
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Hinduism, what are the two receptors that control the lives of humans?
(a) Those of suffering and vocation
(b) Those of pleasure and pain
(c) Those of spiritual and material matters
(d) Those of ignorance and education

2. What did Confucius propose as a better way for society?
(a) Redirect thinking into a conscious reorientation of traditional behaviors
(b) Forget old traditions and create new ones
(c) Form political parties to work out differences
(d) Reinstate the Chou Dynasty and go back to the way things were

3. What is the irony of assigning god-like attributes to the Buddha?
(a) In his lifetime he adamantly resisted any such idea.
(b) He was never painted or sculpted during his lifetime.
(c) He wanted that designation while he was alive.
(d) He taught that all men are gods.

4. Why does Hinduism stress what the human mind must leave out?
(a) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the family.
(b) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the universe.
(c) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the finite.
(d) Because human mind is adapted to deal with money.

5. What is more or less the same in all forms of Buddhism?
(a) The theme of a crossing from the sufferings of life to the wisdom of enlightenment.
(b) The rejection of any kind of musical instrument.
(c) The idea that enlightenment is impossible to attain.
(d) The use of elaborate hand gestures to concentrate on prayers.

6. What position did the Realists hold about society that needed harsh laws?
(a) Realists believed that people were basically bad, greedy, nasty, and brutish.
(b) Realists taught that people are basically good so harsh laws keep them that way.
(c) Realists taught that people can only identify themselves through laws.
(d) Realists taught that good people have no self discipline.

7. What was Confucius' idea about art?
(a) He taught that philosophy was superior to art.
(b) He believed that art put false illusions in people's minds.
(c) He believed that poetry stimulated the mind and music aroused the spirit.
(d) He thought that art was a complete waste of time and effort.

8. How does Confucianism conflict with the yogi idea of finding God?
(a) Confucius put the individual squarely in the middle of human contact to perfect a social order.
(b) Confucius believed that it takes two or three people meditating together to find God.
(c) Confucius said finding God was impossible unless one became a hermit.
(d) Confucius taught that only through self analysis could one ever find God.

9. What is the sangha?
(a) A tree that grows in India
(b) A Buddist religious order
(c) A permit to travel
(d) A type of beer

10. Eventually, how do Hindu minds conceive of God?
(a) The Gods transcend the anthropomorphic and become constellations.
(b) The Gods transcend the anthropomorphic and become statues.
(c) The Gods transcend the anthropomorphic and become total abstractions.
(d) The Gods transcend the anthropomorphic and become animals.

11. What is the viewpoint of the Theravada Buddhist?
(a) It teaches that only monks can reach enlightenment.
(b) It denies the idea of reincarnation.
(c) It proposes a collective attempt to reach nirvana.
(d) It insists that the path to enlightenment is up to the individual.

12. How do Hindus tend to look at Sikhs?
(a) Hindus tend to look at Sikhs as wayward Hindus.
(b) Hindus tend to look at Sikhs as lost sould.
(c) Hindus tend to look at Sikhs as morally superior.
(d) Hindus tend to look at Sikhs as beggars.

13. What was the subject matter of the Buddha's first sermon?
(a) The Eight-fold Path
(b) The Four Nobel Truths
(c) The Way to Enlightenment
(d) The Wheel of Fortune

14. What does the first signpost of the Path of Renunciation which reads "the community" offer the individual?
(a) It offers more lasting value than the self-centered desires of human nature.
(b) It offers a better way to get what you want.
(c) It offers political opportunity to gain more personal power.
(d) It offers membership in a larger family.

15. What type of yoga approaches religion on the basis of work?
(a) Karma yoga
(b) Sannyasin yoga
(c) Raja yoga
(d) Atman yoga

Short Answer Questions

1. How does the yogi eliminate distractions of the mind during raja yoga?

2. What sense of Taoism has been most successfully exported to the West?

3. What do (1) the brahmin, or seer; (2) the kshatriya, or administrator; (3) the vaishya, or producer; and (4) the shudra, or servant represent?

4. What did religious Taoism accommodate that other religions in China did not?

5. What seems to be the appeal bhakti yoga?

(see the answer keys)

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