The World's Religions Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Huston Smith
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. After pleasure seeking, what does Hinduism see as the next major life goal?
(a) Travel and culture
(b) Worldly success
(c) Overcoming illness
(d) Spiritual enlightenment

2. What is the sangha?
(a) A permit to travel
(b) A type of beer
(c) A Buddist religious order
(d) A tree that grows in India

3. What does the first signpost of the Path of Renunciation which reads "the community" offer the individual?
(a) It offers a better way to get what you want.
(b) It offers membership in a larger family.
(c) It offers political opportunity to gain more personal power.
(d) It offers more lasting value than the self-centered desires of human nature.

4. What is more or less the same in all forms of Buddhism?
(a) The idea that enlightenment is impossible to attain.
(b) The rejection of any kind of musical instrument.
(c) The theme of a crossing from the sufferings of life to the wisdom of enlightenment.
(d) The use of elaborate hand gestures to concentrate on prayers.

5. What did Confucius stress about the elderly?
(a) They should be venerated.
(b) They should be isolated.
(c) They should be forgotten.
(d) They should be euthanized.

6. According to Hinduism who has the spiritual ideas of infinite being, infinite awareness, and infinite bliss?
(a) Only philosophers can possess that information.
(b) Only the oldest gurus understand these things.
(c) Only one individual per lifetime has this knowledge.
(d) All humans already posses these things but until a certain point they remain hidden.

7. Who profits most from raja yoga?
(a) Those with a scientific bent
(b) Those who visit ashrams
(c) Those of royal lineage
(d) Those who have not achieved mental clarity

8. What was the subject matter of the Buddha's first sermon?
(a) The Four Nobel Truths
(b) The Wheel of Fortune
(c) The Eight-fold Path
(d) The Way to Enlightenment

9. What is the Hindu attitude toward other religions?
(a) They are headed for different ends.
(b) They are alternate paths toward the same goal.
(c) They are misguided.
(d) They will one day turn to Hinduism.

10. What is the ultimate reality of Taoism?
(a) That everything is nothing
(b) That motherhood is the essence of life
(c) That which flows is permanent
(d) That which is above all, behind all, and beneath all

11. What are the Hindu stages of life?
(a) Student, marriage, retirement, detachment
(b) Fetus, birth, education, work
(c) Birth, separation, retirement, death
(d) Infant, student, career, enjoyment

12. How is the idea of heaven and earth viewed in Confucianism?
(a) Heaven is the place where earthly questions are answered
(b) Heaven and Earth in Confucianism are looked upon as a continuum
(c) Heaven is ignored completely
(d) Heaven is the abode of the ancesters and should be forgotten

13. Eventually, how do Hindu minds conceive of God?
(a) The Gods transcend the anthropomorphic and become constellations.
(b) The Gods transcend the anthropomorphic and become statues.
(c) The Gods transcend the anthropomorphic and become animals.
(d) The Gods transcend the anthropomorphic and become total abstractions.

14. What is the main departure of Tibetan Buddhism?
(a) No begging for food
(b) Doing away with monks' robes
(c) It enables achieving nirvana within a single lifetime.
(d) Prayer wheels and magic bells

15. What is the Taoist outlook on good and evil?
(a) They are not opposites but revolve around each other.
(b) They are representations of heaven and earth.
(c) They are one and the same thing.
(d) They have nothing to do with yin/yang.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Confucianism conflict with the yogi idea of finding God?

2. How might the rise of Buddhism be compared to the Protestant Reformation?

3. What did religious Taoism accommodate that other religions in China did not?

4. What is the tanha?

5. What do (1) the brahmin, or seer; (2) the kshatriya, or administrator; (3) the vaishya, or producer; and (4) the shudra, or servant represent?

(see the answer keys)

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