|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who profits most from raja yoga?
(a) Those of royal lineage
(b) Those who have not achieved mental clarity
(c) Those with a scientific bent
(d) Those who visit ashrams
2. What physical exercise was developed by Taoists?
(a) The chin-up
(b) The kung-fu
(c) The t'ai ch'i chuan
(d) The raja yoga
3. What is the result of seeking wealth, fame, and power?
(a) A lifetime of hard work
(b) More failure than success
(c) Competition, which is always precarious
(d) Either celebrity or noteriety
4. How many senses are involved in the Tao concept of power?
5. Who is Siddhartha Gautama of the Sakya?
(a) The first Hindu.
(b) The founder of Sikhism.
(c) The awakened one, the Buddha.
(d) The author of the Hindu Vidas.
6. How does Hinduism teach that pain can be endured?
(a) By avoiding situations that have a potential for pain
(b) By focusing on that which distracts the mind from the pain itself
(c) By learning to enjoy the sensations of pain
(d) By certain natural pain inhibitors taken orally
7. What is the sangha?
(a) A tree that grows in India
(b) A type of beer
(c) A Buddist religious order
(d) A permit to travel
8. The two men Huston Smith regards as having the greatest impact on the world as we know it today.
(a) Robert Oppenheimer and Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Napoleon and Joseph Stalin
(c) Jesus and Confucious
(d) J. P. Morgan and Albert Einstein
9. Why is the question of "is this all" relevant to Hinduism?
(a) Because Hinduism has no beginning or ending
(b) Because Hinduism fails to give the answers to life's questions.
(c) Because Hinduism constantly demands more
(d) Because it affirms that there is far more to life than satisfying pleasures.
10. What appears to be a contradiction in Taoist thought?
(a) The three different senses
(b) The idea of teaching the unteachable
(c) The ideas of reality and the supernatural
(d) The earthly versus the esoteric
11. In the caste system, who receives the greatest punishment for wrong doing?
(a) The sin of monks, the greater the punishment for a sin or crime.
(b) The higher the caste, the greater the punishment for a sin or crime.
(c) Among the working class, the greater the punishment for a sin or crime.
(d) The lower the caste, the greater the punishment for a sin or crime.
12. What did the Buddha see as the downfall of men?
(a) Rebellion against good
(b) His sinful nature
(d) Ignorance and not sin
13. What is the Zen koan?
(a) Private consultation with a master
(b) The elaborate tea ceremony with its slow and graceful movements
(c) Sitting in meditation for long hours
(d) Problems like the classic "What is the sound of one hand clapping?"
14. What does the Hindu say would happen if the divine base of everything is removed?
(a) Religion would die out.
(b) People would be free to do as they willed.
(c) The stars would shift their constellations.
(d) The natural world would disintegrate into nothing.
15. According to Hinduism who has the spiritual ideas of infinite being, infinite awareness, and infinite bliss?
(a) All humans already posses these things but until a certain point they remain hidden.
(b) Only the oldest gurus understand these things.
(c) Only philosophers can possess that information.
(d) Only one individual per lifetime has this knowledge.
Short Answer Questions
1. What Huston Smith says the book is not.
2. What did the Buddha think about religious rituals?
3. What is one way Jnana yoga suggests one can distinguish Self from one's lesser physical being?
4. Under what condition does Hinduism allow for self-gratification of the senses?
5. What sense of Taoism has been most successfully exported to the West?
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