The World's Religions Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Huston Smith
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does the yogi eliminate distractions of the mind during raja yoga?
(a) The yogi lies flat of his back.
(b) The yogi concentrates on reading.
(c) The yogi concentrates on one thing to the exclusion of all others.
(d) The yogi puts cotton in his ears.

2. What appears to be a contradiction in Taoist thought?
(a) The idea of teaching the unteachable
(b) The three different senses
(c) The earthly versus the esoteric
(d) The ideas of reality and the supernatural

3. What was the conflict of Confucius' teaching and the mood of the times?
(a) Confucius taught democracy at a time when feudalism was flourishing.
(b) Confucius taught pacifism at a time when wars were increasing.
(c) Confucius taught frugality at a time of extravagance.
(d) Confucius taught family tradition in a time when individualism was on the rise.

4. What did religious Taoism accommodate that other religions in China did not?
(a) Feng Shui
(b) Religious garments
(c) Fortune telling, soothsaying, shamans, and faith healers
(d) T'ai ch'i

5. When does karma come into effect?
(a) When the spirit resides in a cow.
(b) When the spirit occupies a human form.
(c) When the spirit has reincarnated.
(d) When the spirit is in insect form.

6. What seems to be the appeal bhakti yoga?
(a) Its ease and comfort of practice.
(b) Its universality that may be applied to any religion.
(c) Its humanness rather than a more esoteric approach to religion.
(d) Its many different ways to identify oneself.

7. How is Western thought different from Hinduism in the matter of imperfection?
(a) Western thought says that imperfection is an illusion; whereas, Hinduism accepts it as reality.
(b) Western thought says there are no imperfections.
(c) Hinduism says there are no imperfections.
(d) Western thought suggests getting as far away from imperfection as possible; whereas, Hinduism avows a purpose of by-passing imperfection altogether.

8. Why did Confucius earn the title of First Teacher?
(a) Because he taught the Emperor
(b) Because no one had ever been a teacher before
(c) Because he was first a teacher and then a politician
(d) Because of his prominence in China as a teacher

9. What is the Chinese concept of ch'i?
(a) Spirituality
(b) Vital energy
(c) Herbal tea remedies
(d) Clearing the mind

10. What is the sangha?
(a) A Buddist religious order
(b) A tree that grows in India
(c) A type of beer
(d) A permit to travel

11. What does the Hindu say would happen if the divine base of everything is removed?
(a) The stars would shift their constellations.
(b) People would be free to do as they willed.
(c) Religion would die out.
(d) The natural world would disintegrate into nothing.

12. What was Confucius' idea about art?
(a) He believed that poetry stimulated the mind and music aroused the spirit.
(b) He taught that philosophy was superior to art.
(c) He thought that art was a complete waste of time and effort.
(d) He believed that art put false illusions in people's minds.

13. What is the result of seeking wealth, fame, and power?
(a) More failure than success
(b) Competition, which is always precarious
(c) Either celebrity or noteriety
(d) A lifetime of hard work

14. What does the first signpost of the Path of Renunciation which reads "the community" offer the individual?
(a) It offers membership in a larger family.
(b) It offers political opportunity to gain more personal power.
(c) It offers more lasting value than the self-centered desires of human nature.
(d) It offers a better way to get what you want.

15. What is the irony of Buddhism and India?
(a) Buddhism was never understood in India.
(b) Buddhism flourishes all over Asia except in India where Buddhism was born.
(c) Buddhism replaced the centuries old practice of Hinduism in India.
(d) Buddhism never flourished in India.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the real idea behind the three Taoist senses?

2. What are the Hindu stages of life?

3. What is the irony of assigning god-like attributes to the Buddha?

4. Why is the last name spoken first when addressing someone in China?

5. What did the Buddha write during his lifetime?

(see the answer keys)

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