The World's Religions Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Huston Smith
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who is credited as the originator of Taoism?
(a) Mao Tse-tung
(b) Kublai Khan
(c) Lao Tzu
(d) Confucius

2. What did the Buddha think about religious rituals?
(a) He invented new ones for his day.
(b) He taught they were necessary exercises.
(c) He thought they had been neglected.
(d) He ridiculed rites as mere superstitions.

3. What physical exercise was developed by Taoists?
(a) The raja yoga
(b) The chin-up
(c) The kung-fu
(d) The t'ai ch'i chuan

4. What is the tanha?
(a) Loosely translated, it is human desire.
(b) Loosely translated, it is religious education.
(c) Loosely translated, it is suffering.
(d) Loosely translated, it is the fear of death.

5. What is the idea of the spirit in Hinduism?
(a) It does not exist apart from the mind.
(b) It dies with the body that houses it.
(c) The spirit is eternal and changes its habitation when it outgrows an old one.
(d) It is the exclusive property of the body.

6. What was the subject matter of the Buddha's first sermon?
(a) The Wheel of Fortune
(b) The Four Nobel Truths
(c) The Way to Enlightenment
(d) The Eight-fold Path

7. What position did the Realists hold about society that needed harsh laws?
(a) Realists taught that good people have no self discipline.
(b) Realists believed that people were basically bad, greedy, nasty, and brutish.
(c) Realists taught that people are basically good so harsh laws keep them that way.
(d) Realists taught that people can only identify themselves through laws.

8. Where was Siddhartha sitting as he gained enlightenment?
(a) On a royal throne.
(b) In a Hindu temple.
(c) On the banks of the Ganges.
(d) Under the bo tree.

9. How did the followers of the Buddha categorize his teachings?
(a) As a religion of suffering
(b) As a religion of sacrifice
(c) As a religion of infinite compassion
(d) As a religion of regulations

10. How does Hinduism teach that pain can be endured?
(a) By learning to enjoy the sensations of pain
(b) By avoiding situations that have a potential for pain
(c) By certain natural pain inhibitors taken orally
(d) By focusing on that which distracts the mind from the pain itself

11. Why does Hinduism stress what the human mind must leave out?
(a) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the family.
(b) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the universe.
(c) Because human mind is adapted to deal with money.
(d) Because human mind is adapted to deal with the finite.

12. Under what condition does Hinduism allow for self-gratification of the senses?
(a) So long as it does not harm others
(b) So long as it benefits society
(c) So long as it does not last long
(d) So long as it is only for spiritual growth

13. When does karma come into effect?
(a) When the spirit occupies a human form.
(b) When the spirit resides in a cow.
(c) When the spirit has reincarnated.
(d) When the spirit is in insect form.

14. After pleasure seeking, what does Hinduism see as the next major life goal?
(a) Overcoming illness
(b) Travel and culture
(c) Spiritual enlightenment
(d) Worldly success

15. What was Confucius' idea about art?
(a) He thought that art was a complete waste of time and effort.
(b) He believed that art put false illusions in people's minds.
(c) He believed that poetry stimulated the mind and music aroused the spirit.
(d) He taught that philosophy was superior to art.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the Chinese concept of ch'i?

2. What is the central characteristic of the Sikh?

3. What was the conflicting idea of Mohism during Confucius' time?

4. What is the sangha?

5. What does the Hindu say would happen if the divine base of everything is removed?

(see the answer keys)

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