The World's Religions Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Huston Smith
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where was Siddhartha sitting as he gained enlightenment?
(a) In a Hindu temple.
(b) On a royal throne.
(c) On the banks of the Ganges.
(d) Under the bo tree.

2. What historical event occurred just as Confucius began teaching?
(a) The collapse of the Chou Dynasty
(b) The arrival of Marco Polo
(c) The Peloponnesian War
(d) The birth of Mohammed

3. What does the Hindu say would happen if the divine base of everything is removed?
(a) The natural world would disintegrate into nothing.
(b) Religion would die out.
(c) People would be free to do as they willed.
(d) The stars would shift their constellations.

4. What was transformed into the diamond scepter of Buddhism?
(a) The temporal and spiritual authority of the Dalai Lama
(b) Converting sounds into holy formulas
(c) The thunderbolt of Indra
(d) Mandalas which offer visual icons

5. What is the main departure of Tibetan Buddhism?
(a) No begging for food
(b) Doing away with monks' robes
(c) Prayer wheels and magic bells
(d) It enables achieving nirvana within a single lifetime.

6. What is the tanha?
(a) Loosely translated, it is human desire.
(b) Loosely translated, it is suffering.
(c) Loosely translated, it is religious education.
(d) Loosely translated, it is the fear of death.

7. What form of Buddhism flourishes in Japan?
(a) Theravada Buddhism
(b) Zen Buddhism
(c) Hinayana Buddhism
(d) Mahayana Buddhism

8. When does karma come into effect?
(a) When the spirit is in insect form.
(b) When the spirit resides in a cow.
(c) When the spirit has reincarnated.
(d) When the spirit occupies a human form.

9. What did Confucius believe about the authority of rulers?
(a) It can only be maintained by force.
(b) It comes through the bloodlines.
(c) It is a necessary part of living.
(d) It must be earned.

10. What is the problem of explaining nirvana?
(a) It can only been reached after death.
(b) It has multiple meanings.
(c) It is an untranslatable word.
(d) To the unenlightened mind, it is vague.

11. In Taoism, what is the concept of wu wei?
(a) Reducing social friction to an absolute minimum
(b) The study of earth, wind, and fire
(c) Organizing religious thought
(d) Moving with the times

12. Why is the question of "is this all" relevant to Hinduism?
(a) Because Hinduism fails to give the answers to life's questions.
(b) Because it affirms that there is far more to life than satisfying pleasures.
(c) Because Hinduism has no beginning or ending
(d) Because Hinduism constantly demands more

13. How does the yogi eliminate distractions of the mind during raja yoga?
(a) The yogi concentrates on reading.
(b) The yogi concentrates on one thing to the exclusion of all others.
(c) The yogi puts cotton in his ears.
(d) The yogi lies flat of his back.

14. What is the viewpoint of the Theravada Buddhist?
(a) It insists that the path to enlightenment is up to the individual.
(b) It denies the idea of reincarnation.
(c) It proposes a collective attempt to reach nirvana.
(d) It teaches that only monks can reach enlightenment.

15. What physical exercise was developed by Taoists?
(a) The kung-fu
(b) The t'ai ch'i chuan
(c) The raja yoga
(d) The chin-up

Short Answer Questions

1. What seems to be the appeal bhakti yoga?

2. Under what condition does Hinduism allow for self-gratification of the senses?

3. What is dharma?

4. Eventually, how do Hindu minds conceive of God?

5. How has the Western mind often viewed the Path of Renunciation?

(see the answer keys)

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