The World Turned Upside Down: Indian Voices from Early America Chapter Abstracts for Teachers

Colin G. Calloway
This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately 142 pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and other teaching materials.
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Chapter Abstracts

* While the Euro-centric narrative insists that Europeans "discovered" America, America was in fact full of relatively advanced Indian nations.

* The Indian people were devastated by all the diseases, like smallpox, Europeans brought over from the Old World.

* Many tribes were wiped out entirely, while others lost 50 percent or more of their population.

* Population loss from disease destabilized Indian people and Indians were also damaged by European trade.

* The Indians became dependent on manufactured goods, and thus dependent on Europeans; alcohol and the resulting alcoholism was also a devastating effect of the European influence.

* To Indians, land was not something that could be "owned," unlike the European way of thinking, and so land was traded away for supplies well below the value of the land.

* Culturally, Europeans further impacted the Indians through the missionary spread of Christianity, as well as political strong arm tactics.

* Under "client chiefs," Indian...

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