The World of Myth Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

David Adams Leeming
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. To whom does Leeming say the Egyptian god Isis corresponds in the Greek pantheon?
(a) Hera.
(b) Demeter.
(c) Athena.
(d) Persephone.

2. For what does Leeming say the gods are metaphors?
(a) The collective unconscious.
(b) Elements of society, as well as human emotions.
(c) Timeless laws of the universe.
(d) Earth, wind, water and fire.

3. In Leeming's account, how did the Hopi create their creation myth?
(a) Through song.
(b) Through initiating their children.
(c) Through spreading their culture.
(d) Through art.

4. For what does Leeming say the struggle among gods in the Egyptian pantheon is a metaphor?
(a) The expansion of trade in the Mediterranean.
(b) The invasion of Ethiopians in 2,200 BCE.
(c) Historical political and religious conflicts in 4,000 BCE.
(d) The human struggle against evil.

5. Who does Leeming say is the archetypal helper god in the Meso-American pantheon?
(a) Tezcatlipoca.
(b) Ehecatl.
(c) Tlahuizcalpantechtli.
(d) Quetzalcoatl.

6. What evidence does Leeming cite to argue for a single matriarch at the beginning of the Greek pantheon?
(a) Gaia created her own mate.
(b) Gaia fought to enthrone each of her husbands.
(c) Gaia devoured her offspring.
(d) Gaia killed her husbands.

7. What does Leeming say the flood represents as a metaphor?
(a) Extreme guilt washing away with forgiveness.
(b) The cleansing effect of death on culture.
(c) The clean feeling after admitting wrong.
(d) The unconscious before experiencing rebirth.

8. What does Leeming say was the primary difference between the Greek pantheon and the Roman pantheon?
(a) The Romans became more philosophical and contemplative about myths.
(b) The Romans placed more value on the gods as personifications of abstractions.
(c) The Romans placed more value on the practical results of myths.
(d) The Romans used the Greek pantheon to justify their wars.

9. How does Leeming say the Greek pantheon differs from other pantheons?
(a) The Greek gods had a great number of human attributes.
(b) The Greek gods were imposed on cultures Greeks influenced.
(c) The Greek gods retained their local origins and cults.
(d) The Greek gods were not always more powerful than humans.

10. What do the various versions of the Egyptian creation myth Leeming cites revolve around?
(a) The different explanations for consciousness.
(b) The different names for the god.
(c) The different justifications for divine kings' rule.
(d) The competing theories for creation.

11. What problem or question does Leeming say cultures were addressing in cosmogonies?
(a) The question of birth from nothing.
(b) The question of why men are stronger than women are.
(c) The question of how man rose to the summit of power over nature.
(d) The question of how life forms evolved and differentiated.

12. What is the end goal of human development in Hopi myth, in Leeming's account?
(a) Manifesting the divinity on earth.
(b) Growing into the light of the Sun God's power.
(c) Winning glory for their god.
(d) Converting non-believers to the Hopi perspective.

13. How does Leeming describe cosmogonies?
(a) As nostalgic.
(b) As prophetic.
(c) As sacramental.
(d) As ritual.

14. Whom does Leeming say parallels the serpent in the Christian garden in the Norse pantheon?
(a) Odin.
(b) Loki.
(c) Thor.
(d) Hel.

15. How does Bumba create the earth in Boshongo creation myth?
(a) He fashions it from stone.
(b) He finds it.
(c) He vomits it.
(d) He excretes it.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Leeming say the Chinese describe the flood?

2. What is an ontological reason for myth?

3. How does Leeming describe the mythic concern with creation?

4. What does Leeming say the Great Mother personifies?

5. What does Leeming say the flood was for in Mayan culture?

(see the answer keys)

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