|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Harner point out about the Lakota Sioux and the Coast Salish tribes?
(a) They achieve altered states of consciousness without using hallucinogenic substances.
(b) Are the best natural healers in the world.
(c) Shun the practice of shamanism and instead pass down stories from one generation to the next.
(d) Were the first tribes known to practice shamanism.
2. While working, why must a shaman remain lightly connected to the material environment?
(a) To harness the power of nature.
(b) Because of the shaman's physical requirements.
(c) Because of having to move between realities.
(d) To incorporate the properties of the material world into the cure.
3. To learn more about shamanism, what does Harner do?
(a) Asks the oldest shaman in the world to mentor him.
(b) Lives among tribal people to learn their shamanic ways.
(c) Enrolls in a class on shamanism at his community college.
(d) Assembles a team of seven shamans from every corner of the world.
4. How does Harner end his first shamanic journey exercise for the reader?
(a) Wolf howl.
(b) Sound of a bell.
(c) Prolonged string vibration.
(d) Four sharp strikes.
5. According to the author, who has a guardian spirit, whether recognized or not?
Short Answer Questions
1. Included in the reports from participants of Harner's first guided shamanic exercise are:
2. In his guided, step-by-step instructions for a first journey, Harner instructs the aspiring shaman to eat:
3. What are the tsentak?
4. Master shamans focus on a triumvirate which is composed of what?
5. At the conclusion of the rock-seeing process, after the shaman turns the stones around and examines all sides, what does the shaman do?
Short Essay Questions
1. Discuss what Harner says about the humility of shamanism?
2. What is the participant of the exercise in Chapter 2 instructed regarding the end of the journey?
3. Harner emphasizes in Chapter 1 that becoming a shaman involves what?
4. Harner says that apprentice shamans report similarities in how they get out of difficulties. What are some of the difficulties he mentions?
5. Prompted by similarities he found in books and accounts about shamanic experiences, what did Harner decide to do in order to learn more about shamanism?
6. Explain the connection between an individual and his or her guardian spirit.
7. What are other names the author mentions for guardian spirits, and what cultures call them by these alternate names?
8. What does the author say shamans feel about what they see in the non-ordinary reality or shamanic state of consciousness (SSC)?
9. Describe an environment that's conducive to the shaman being most effective while in a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC).
10. What does a shaman do with the tsentak to help a patient?
This section contains 962 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)