|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Harner's reports of the rituals, symbols, and visions of the different tribes he observes are what?
2. In rock-seeing, a shaman takes two rocks, sits with them, poses a question, and then examines the stones for what?
(a) Signs that the stones have transformed during the session.
(b) Living creatures or features that provide clues regarding answers.
(c) Traces of minerals that can be used for healing rituals.
(d) Words temporarily appearing on the surface pointing to an answer.
3. Harner asks aspiring shamans to refrain from:
(a) Exercising strenuously.
(b) Eating sweets.
(c) Drinking alcohol.
(d) Using anything electronic.
4. How is a shamanic state of consciousness, or SSC, achieved?
(a) By entering a trance state and using methods of cosmic geography and nonordinary reality.
(b) By drinking nettle tea and fasting for five days.
(c) By chanting songs passed down by tribal peoples and drinking fermented coffee.
(d) By calling upon spirit guides to pull the shaman's spirit out of the body and hurl it to the heavens.
5. Why might a shaman work in darkness?
(a) To achieve the most profound visions.
(b) To conceal his or her expressions.
(c) To minimize interference from the sun's rays.
(d) To hide from negative entities.
Short Answer Questions
1. Through numerous examples, the author shows the commonality of experiences by shamans regardless of what?
2. Harner asserts that shamanism has advanced in areas without technological innovations because:
3. In a drug-induced vision, Harner sees demons as:
4. After a journey that lasts several days in the jungle with his companions, Harner is taken where?
5. In early experiences with the Conibo, Harner hears rushing:
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
2. How old is shamanism, and what cultures have best preserved this practice?
3. Why does the author find it encouraging for Westerners that not all tribes use drugs in their shamanic practices?
4. Harner emphasizes in Chapter 1 that becoming a shaman involves what?
5. Describe Harner's journey with Akachu.
6. Describe Harner's experience of spiritually going to a cave beneath a waterfall with a Jivaro shaman.
7. In the step-by-step instructions for going on a first shamanic journey that the author supplies for the reader in Chapter 2, how does he ask the participant to prepare?
8. Prompted by similarities he found in books and accounts about shamanic experiences, what did Harner decide to do in order to learn more about shamanism?
9. Harner says that apprentice shamans report similarities in how they get out of difficulties. What are some of the difficulties he mentions?
10. What is the practice of rock-seeing?
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