|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How do shamans use their guardian spirits?
(a) In passing.
(b) In supplication.
(c) Through trickery.
2. Included in the reports from participants of Harner's first guided shamanic exercise are:
(a) Numerous cases of people experiencing nausea and vertigo.
(b) Accounts of disappearing momentarily and not being seen by others in the room.
(c) Detailed conversations with star people and other extraterrestrials.
(d) Suggestions on what to do when encountering an impenetrable obstacle.
3. In "The Way of the Shaman," the author shows similarities between:
(a) Various shamanic spiritual belief systems.
(b) Once dominant spiritual belief systems.
(c) Younger and older shamans.
(d) Real and fake shamans.
4. What are the tsentak?
(a) Mischievous tree sprites.
(b) Spirits who bridge the seen and the unseen.
(c) Guides who intervene in emergencies.
(d) Helpers who cause or cure illness.
5. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
(b) Spirit guides.
(c) Dietary needs.
Short Answer Questions
1. Harner's reports of the rituals, symbols, and visions of the different tribes he observes are what?
2. At the conclusion of the rock-seeing process, after the shaman turns the stones around and examines all sides, what does the shaman do?
3. What must the shaman feed his spirit helpers?
4. Which of the following do reputable shamans NOT do?
5. Which of the following is NOT a purpose for entering a shamanic state of consciousness?
Short Essay Questions
1. How old is shamanism, and what cultures have best preserved this practice?
2. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
3. How does a shaman take care of his or her tsentak?
4. How does Harner say that a shaman can be distinguished from other medicine men?
5. What are the main functions and activities of a shaman, as described in Chapter 3?
6. Summarize the first shamanic journey exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 2.
7. What are some of the similarities Harner notes in first-hand shamanic experiences reported by middle-class Americans?
8. What does the author say shamans feel about what they see in the non-ordinary reality or shamanic state of consciousness (SSC)?
9. Why does the author find it encouraging for Westerners that not all tribes use drugs in their shamanic practices?
10. Describe the roles of drumming and rattling in a shaman's work.
This section contains 828 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)