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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. At the conclusion of the rock-seeing process, after the shaman turns the stones around and examines all sides, what does the shaman do?
(a) Washes the stones in a stream and blesses them.
(b) Drops the stones and reads information from their resting positions.
(c) Thanks the stones and returns them to their proper places.
(d) Places the stones in his or her healing pouch.
2. While working, why must a shaman remain lightly connected to the material environment?
(a) To incorporate the properties of the material world into the cure.
(b) To harness the power of nature.
(c) Because of having to move between realities.
(d) Because of the shaman's physical requirements.
3. Harner asks aspiring shamans to refrain from:
(a) Eating sweets.
(b) Exercising strenuously.
(c) Using anything electronic.
(d) Drinking alcohol.
4. What are the tsentak?
(a) Helpers who cause or cure illness.
(b) Mischievous tree sprites.
(c) Guides who intervene in emergencies.
(d) Spirits who bridge the seen and the unseen.
5. To learn more about shamanism, what does Harner do?
(a) Asks the oldest shaman in the world to mentor him.
(b) Enrolls in a class on shamanism at his community college.
(c) Lives among tribal people to learn their shamanic ways.
(d) Assembles a team of seven shamans from every corner of the world.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does the author describe his world during a shamanic state of consciousness?
2. One person who tried Harner's step-by-step guided journey exercise reported bringing back what by accident?
3. How does a shaman typically travel into the Lowerworld?
4. Harner asserts that shamanism transcends any particular what?
5. In the cultures Harner studies, shamans are primarily:
Short Essay Questions
1. In the step-by-step instructions for going on a first shamanic journey that the author supplies for the reader in Chapter 2, how does he ask the participant to prepare?
2. Describe Harner's experience of spiritually going to a cave beneath a waterfall with a Jivaro shaman.
3. Describe Harner's journey with Akachu.
4. Prompted by similarities he found in books and accounts about shamanic experiences, what did Harner decide to do in order to learn more about shamanism?
5. Describe an environment that's conducive to the shaman being most effective while in a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC).
6. Discuss what Harner says about the humility of shamanism?
7. What are other names the author mentions for guardian spirits, and what cultures call them by these alternate names?
8. Explain the connection between an individual and his or her guardian spirit.
9. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
10. Harner emphasizes in Chapter 1 that becoming a shaman involves what?
This section contains 890 words
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