|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In his attempt to find spirit helpers with the assistance of a Jivaro shaman from Ecuador, what does the author do?
(a) He joins Jivaro in an out-of-body ritual.
(b) He calls out to spirit helpers in the rainforest.
(c) He repeats an ancient chant Jivaro teaches him.
(d) He spiritually goes to a cave underneath a waterfall.
2. In a drug-induced vision, Harner sees demons as:
(a) Faceless ghosts.
(d) Fish with teeth.
3. What does the author encounter when he drinks maikua?
(a) Winged benevolent beings.
(b) A frightening emptiness.
(c) Dangerous creatures.
(d) Beloved pets he knew as a child.
4. Through numerous examples, the author shows the commonality of experiences by shamans regardless of what?
(a) Their state of mind.
(b) Their schooling.
(c) Their authenticity.
(d) Their locations or traditions.
5. What does Harner say that middle-class Americans report experiencing on their shamanic attempts?
(c) Temperature changes.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
2. Shamans from Venezuela, North America, Australia, and other regions all report having similar what?
3. Among other sensations in his experience with the Conibo, Harner experiences a sense of flying inside what?
4. What is the purpose of rattles used during a shaman's work?
5. Harner explains that some shamanic students report using caves as:
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe an environment that's conducive to the shaman being most effective while in a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC).
2. Describe Harner's journey with Akachu.
3. Harner says that apprentice shamans report similarities in how they get out of difficulties. What are some of the difficulties he mentions?
4. Explain the connection between an individual and his or her guardian spirit.
5. How did Essie Parrish, a California Pomo Indian, acquire her first power song?
6. What might a restless or shocked power animal do?
7. Explain what the author is saying when he speaks of Coyote and Raven as groups or species.
8. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
9. After passing his or her hand over the patient and detecting the location of the intrusion, what does the shaman do to help the patient?
10. Prompted by similarities he found in books and accounts about shamanic experiences, what did Harner decide to do in order to learn more about shamanism?
This section contains 869 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)