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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Harner compare his near-death experience with the Conibo to?
(a) Ancient Daoism stories.
(b) Teachings of Confucius.
(c) The concept of reincarnation.
(d) Descriptions in the Bible.
2. Harner asserts that shamanism has advanced in areas without technological innovations because:
(a) Technology hasn't erased these people's ability to tap into their intuition.
(b) These people are neither distracted nor electromagnetically impaired by electronic interference.
(c) Of the need by these people to find ways to deal with survival and health issues.
(d) The plant world communicates better with people when there is no technological interference.
3. In his attempt to find spirit helpers with the assistance of a Jivaro shaman from Ecuador, what does the author do?
(a) He joins Jivaro in an out-of-body ritual.
(b) He repeats an ancient chant Jivaro teaches him.
(c) He calls out to spirit helpers in the rainforest.
(d) He spiritually goes to a cave underneath a waterfall.
4. When the shaman is in an altered state, how does healing take place?
(a) By allowing ghost healers to work through the shaman.
(b) By enabling the shaman to spiritually enter the patient's body and physically fix the problem.
(c) By restoring beneficial power or removing harmful power from the patient.
(d) By merging the collective thoughts of everyone present.
5. What does Harner suggest is the purpose of songs during a shamanic journey?
(a) To keep the patient calm and relaxed.
(b) To amplify the shaman's altered state.
(c) To guide the shaman towards acceptable portals.
(d) To attract beneficial healing spirit helpers.
Short Answer Questions
1. How might a shaman be distinguished from other medicine men?
2. In the cultures Harner studies, shamans are primarily:
3. In "The Way of the Shaman," the author shows similarities between:
4. Among other sensations in his experience with the Conibo, Harner experiences a sense of flying inside what?
5. Harner claims that when he shared his vision of dragon-like creatures that appeared from outer space with another shaman, that person:
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Harner say that a shaman can be distinguished from other medicine men?
2. Why does the author find it encouraging for Westerners that not all tribes use drugs in their shamanic practices?
3. Describe Harner's journey with Akachu.
4. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
5. In the power restoration exercise Harner presents for the reader, what is the participant told to avoid?
6. What does a shaman do upon successfully retrieving a power animal for a patient?
7. Harner compares rock-seeing to what Western practices?
8. How does a shaman obtain a power song needed to retrieve a power animal?
9. What does Akachu question when he and Harner are getting to know each other?
10. Give a brief summary of the exercise the author presents to the reader on how to dance one's animal guardian spirit.
This section contains 973 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)