|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following does NOT help a shaman enter a shamanic state of consciousness?
2. Harner asserts that shamanism has advanced in areas without technological innovations because:
(a) The plant world communicates better with people when there is no technological interference.
(b) Technology hasn't erased these people's ability to tap into their intuition.
(c) These people are neither distracted nor electromagnetically impaired by electronic interference.
(d) Of the need by these people to find ways to deal with survival and health issues.
3. On his or her first guided journey, the shaman student is asked by Harner to visualize what?
(a) A favorite animal or element of nature.
(b) A quiet, tranquil scene that includes the element of water.
(c) A starry sky and the patterns the stars form.
(d) An opening in the earth that feels acceptable.
4. Why might a shaman work in darkness?
(a) To minimize interference from the sun's rays.
(b) To conceal his or her expressions.
(c) To hide from negative entities.
(d) To achieve the most profound visions.
5. Who does the author quote as an expert on the subject of altered states?
(a) Shamanic scholar Mircea Eliade.
(b) Author Carlos Castaneda.
(c) Anthropologist Margaret Mead.
(d) West African writer Malidoma Some.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is a shaman able to do to restore health in a person with the assistance of appropriate spirit helpers?
2. Why is the Jivaro shaman who helps Harner worried that the author may not be able to find tsentak?
3. How do shamans use their guardian spirits?
4. Which of the following do reputable shamans NOT do?
5. Why does Harner include the examples of the Lakota Sioux and Coast Salish tribes for Westerners in particular?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the roles of drumming and rattling in a shaman's work.
2. Describe the spirit helpers known as tsentak.
3. Summarize the first shamanic journey exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 2.
4. What is the participant of the exercise in Chapter 2 instructed regarding the end of the journey?
5. Why does the author find it encouraging for Westerners that not all tribes use drugs in their shamanic practices?
6. Describe the tunnel a shaman utilizes to journey into the Lowerworld.
7. How old is shamanism, and what cultures have best preserved this practice?
8. What is the practice of rock-seeing?
9. Describe Harner's journey with Akachu.
10. How and why is a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC) achieved?
This section contains 1,004 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)