|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. If SSC stands for shamanic state of consciousness, what does OSC stand for?
(a) Other-worldly shamanic consciousness.
(b) Ordinary state of consciousness.
(c) Ordinary shamanic consciousness.
(d) Orthogonal state of consciousness.
2. Why is the Jivaro shaman who helps Harner worried that the author may not be able to find tsentak?
(a) Finding tsentak is an advanced shamanic practice.
(b) Harner is not an Indian.
(c) Harner has not gone through the necessary rituals.
(d) The tsentak are extremely elusive.
3. During the Lakota practice of rock-seeing, a shaman considers a problem while walking through what?
(a) A rocky stream.
(b) A wild area.
(c) A bed of heated rocks.
(d) A field of boulders.
4. A shaman might enter a shamanic state of consciousness to bring back messages for whom?
(a) A patient's loved ones.
(b) Non-traditional doctors in ordinary reality.
(c) Doctors treating a patient.
(d) A patient in ordinary reality.
5. What are the tsentak?
(a) Guides who intervene in emergencies.
(b) Helpers who cause or cure illness.
(c) Spirits who bridge the seen and the unseen.
(d) Mischievous tree sprites.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Harner end his first shamanic journey exercise for the reader?
2. In the cultures Harner studies, shamans are primarily:
3. What does the Jivaro shaman give to Harner to drink?
4. Master shamans focus on a triumvirate which is composed of what?
5. In "The Way of the Shaman," the author shows similarities between:
Short Essay Questions
1. What are some of the similarities Harner notes in first-hand shamanic experiences reported by middle-class Americans?
2. Describe the tunnel a shaman utilizes to journey into the Lowerworld.
3. What are the main functions and activities of a shaman, as described in Chapter 3?
4. Summarize the first shamanic journey exercise presented to the reader in Chapter 2.
5. Describe Harner's experience of spiritually going to a cave beneath a waterfall with a Jivaro shaman.
6. Discuss what Harner says about the humility of shamanism?
7. Harner says that apprentice shamans report similarities in how they get out of difficulties. What are some of the difficulties he mentions?
8. Describe the roles of drumming and rattling in a shaman's work.
9. What does a shaman do with the tsentak to help a patient?
10. How and why is a shamanic state of consciousness (SSC) achieved?
This section contains 885 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)