|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Shamanism and States of Consciousness.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to the author, who has a guardian spirit, whether recognized or not?
2. How is a shamanic state of consciousness, or SSC, achieved?
(a) By chanting songs passed down by tribal peoples and drinking fermented coffee.
(b) By entering a trance state and using methods of cosmic geography and nonordinary reality.
(c) By drinking nettle tea and fasting for five days.
(d) By calling upon spirit guides to pull the shaman's spirit out of the body and hurl it to the heavens.
3. When the shaman is in an altered state, how does healing take place?
(a) By allowing ghost healers to work through the shaman.
(b) By restoring beneficial power or removing harmful power from the patient.
(c) By enabling the shaman to spiritually enter the patient's body and physically fix the problem.
(d) By merging the collective thoughts of everyone present.
4. With the help of spirit helpers and two tsentak inside his mouth, the shaman can help the patient by:
(a) Smoking out the intruder.
(b) Swallowing the intruder.
(c) Vomiting out the intruder.
(d) Frightening the intruder out.
5. Harner's personal observation is that people develop shamanism as a tool for using the power of the human mind for what?
(a) To control others.
(b) To address critical issues.
(c) For esoteric purposes.
(d) For entertainment and enlightenment.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do various cultures report noticing the shaman give off when in a shamanic state of consciousness?
2. Why does Harner say it's important that the shaman does not tell the patient's family that he already has the ordinary form of the spirit in his mouth?
3. It is typical for one or more spirits to help guide the shaman through what?
4. Harner asserts that shamanism has advanced in areas without technological innovations because:
5. What is the purpose of rapid drumming during the guided journey that Harner takes new students through?
This section contains 497 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)