The Universe in a Nutshell Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How many articles did Einstein pen that rocketed him to the top of the scientific community?

2. What two things are considered capable of shaping space-time, according to Einstein?

3. Who believed they could interpret General Relativity so time had an infinite past and an infinite future?

4. What does TOE stand for?

5. What does time have?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is a p = 1 brane and a p = 2 brane?

2. What is Hawking's view about mathematical models?

3. Why do ground state fluctuations have serious effects on the quantum theory of gravity?

4. What was the "ether" theory?

5. What was considered the foundation of a TOE and why did it go out of fashion?

6. What is hard to reconcile with Dirac's discoveries in quantum mechanics?

7. What idea about the galaxies did Einstein never take seriously?

8. What is considered to be expanding in our universe, and why does Hawking think this is beneficial?

9. Why does the theory of general relativity break down when discussing the Big Bang?

10. What kind of history might the universe have, according to quantum mechanics?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Describe the history of the equation E = mc2. What is the significance of this equation? Be sure to include a description of the following terms: energy, mass, relativity, and the speed of light.

Essay Topic 2

Discuss the interpretation of General Relativity according to Penrose and Hawking and how this differed from Lifshitz and Khalatnikov. Cite two examples from Chapter Two that expound on Penrose and Hawking's dissimilar interpretation.

Essay Topic 3

Hawking's formulation of the Chronology Projection Conjecture is an important topic in Chapter Five. Write an essay that summarizes what the Chronology Projection Conjecture is, how it was formulated, and what its function is now.

(see the answer keys)

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