|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do models based on imaginary time make?
2. Where did Einstein move in 1914?
3. What sort of lengths do P-branes have?
4. What equation shows mass and energy are equivalent?
5. How did religious leaders respond to Hawking and Penrose's work?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does the theory of general relativity break down when discussing the Big Bang?
2. What changed about the way we view zero point fluctuations in the 1940s?
3. Describe imaginary time.
4. What was the bedrock of relativity theory, and what did it imply?
5. Why do ground state fluctuations have serious effects on the quantum theory of gravity?
6. What did Einstein do in 1905 that launched him to the top of the scientific community?
7. What is vacuum energy?
8. How did the general relativity theory break down?
9. What was considered the foundation of a TOE and why did it go out of fashion?
10. What new sort of symmetry was discovered in the 1970s?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What are p-branes? What are the different levels of branes? What is the role of p-branes in supersymmetry? Answer the previous questions succinctly and be sure to explore Hawking's contributions to this field of study.
Essay Topic 2
Hawking's formulation of the Chronology Projection Conjecture is an important topic in Chapter Five. Write an essay that summarizes what the Chronology Projection Conjecture is, how it was formulated, and what its function is now.
Essay Topic 3
Chapter Five provides a complex picture of the interconnections between space-time, the multiple history idea, and quantum theory. Write an essay that analyzes the relationship between these three concepts, and use at least two examples from Chapter Five that support your argument.
This section contains 770 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)