|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What can one not curve space without also curving?
2. Where did Einstein accept a position?
3. Which project produced Fat Man and Little Boy?
4. Who believed they could interpret General Relativity so time had an infinite past and an infinite future?
5. What did one of Einstein's mathematical errors prevent Marcel and Einstein from doing?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is vacuum energy?
2. Why can't we coherently ask why the universe is the way it is?
3. What does it mean for stars to be red-shifted or blue-shifted?
4. What did Penrose and Hawking's theory have to say about the universe's history?
5. What was the "ether" theory?
6. Describe the contradiction of relativity to Newton's law of gravity.
7. What is the no boundary condition, and what does it imply?
8. What changed about the way we view zero point fluctuations in the 1940s?
9. Why do ground state fluctuations have serious effects on the quantum theory of gravity?
10. What was considered the foundation of a TOE and why did it go out of fashion?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Describe the history of the equation E = mc2. What is the significance of this equation? Be sure to include a description of the following terms: energy, mass, relativity, and the speed of light.
Essay Topic 2
Chapter Five provides a complex picture of the interconnections between space-time, the multiple history idea, and quantum theory. Write an essay that analyzes the relationship between these three concepts, and use at least two examples from Chapter Five that support your argument.
Essay Topic 3
Hawking's extensive research of black holes has provided us with informative clues for how black holes might actually work. Write an essay that uses Hawking's research to formulate a summary of our knowledge of black holes before and after Hawking's scientific work.
This section contains 884 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)