|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was everywhere when the universe was small?
2. What is one reason Hawking takes multiple dimensions seriously?
3. What is a p = 1 brane?
4. What did one of Einstein's mathematical errors prevent Marcel and Einstein from doing?
5. What did Newton's model suggest about time and space?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the no boundary condition, and what does it imply?
2. What is a p = 1 brane and a p = 2 brane?
3. Why does the theory of general relativity break down when discussing the Big Bang?
4. What is considered to be expanding in our universe, and why does Hawking think this is beneficial?
5. What was the "ether" theory?
6. What idea about the galaxies did Einstein never take seriously?
7. What is vacuum energy?
8. What paper did Einstein write with Grossman in 1913 and what happened in 1915 related to this same project?
9. What did Einstein do in 1905 that launched him to the top of the scientific community?
10. What does Hawking believe the possibility of intelligent beings' existence depends on?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Using Chapter One as an informative text, write an essay on the early life of Albert Einstein. This essay must mark three important events of Einstein's life from 1879 to 1905. Be sure to elaborate on how these three details are connected to Einstein's future involvement in the scientific community.
Essay Topic 2
Write an essay that answers the following questions: What is M-theory? What is its relationship to various string models? What does Hawking believe about M-theory? The essay must include at least two supporting evidences from the book, and one example from an outside text.
Essay Topic 3
What are p-branes? What are the different levels of branes? What is the role of p-branes in supersymmetry? Answer the previous questions succinctly and be sure to explore Hawking's contributions to this field of study.
This section contains 876 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)