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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** What can we not coherently ask about the way the universe is?

**2.** What two things are considered capable of shaping space-time, according to Einstein?

**3.** What is a p = 2 brane?

**4.** What does Hawking resist believing in?

**5.** What have serious effects on a quantum theory of gravity?

## Short Essay Questions

**1.** What is Hawking's view about mathematical models?

**2.** What will happen as brains increase in size?

**3.** Where might missing matter come from?

**4.** What is the grandfather paradox?

**5.** What new sort of symmetry was discovered in the 1970s?

**6.** What might happen if we do not destroy ourselves?

**7.** What might p-branes be able to predict?

**8.** What kind of history might the universe have, according to quantum mechanics?

**9.** Describe the contradiction of relativity to Newton's law of gravity.

**10.** At what rate is the computational power of computers increasing, and what computational rate might they actually reach?

## Essay Topics

### Essay Topic 1

Hawking uses the word "deterministic" quite a bit in Chapter Four. Identify what determinism means in this context, and how it relates to the universe. Then, summarize and analyze the controversy over whether or not the universe is deterministic and what this might entail.

### Essay Topic 2

Hawking states that the human race must be able to better itself since it will be dealing with an "increasingly complex world." Write an essay that supports or negates this argument. Be sure to include data from Chapters Five, Six, or Seven and at least two other supporting examples from your own research.

### Essay Topic 3

Hawking's formulation of the Chronology Projection Conjecture is an important topic in Chapter Five. Write an essay that summarizes what the Chronology Projection Conjecture is, how it was formulated, and what its function is now.

This section contains 1,431 words(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page) |