The Universe in a Nutshell Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is thought to expand at an accelerating rate in our universe?
(a) Light.
(b) Scope.
(c) Reach.
(d) Matter.

2. What does relativity show about the speed of light?
(a) The speed of light is dependent upon gravity.
(b) The speed of light is independent of will.
(c) The speed of light is an illusion of motion.
(d) The speed of light will appear constant.

3. Where did Einstein move in 1914?
(a) Austria.
(b) New York.
(c) Berlin.
(d) London.

4. Why is it important that the sky is dark?
(a) It demonstrates that the universe must have a light switch.
(b) It demonstrates that the dark extends further than the light.
(c) It demonstrates that the sky is more inclined to darker tones.
(d) It demonstrates that light hasn't reached every point in the universe.

5. What did nineteenth century scientists believe space was pervaded by?
(a) Asteroids.
(b) Ether.
(c) Methane.
(d) Time.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was discovered in the 1970s that revealed a natural physical mechanism?

2. According to Popper, what happens if positivism is true?

3. What did Einstein assume about scientific laws?

4. How did physicists respond to Hawking and Penrose's work?

5. What is intuitive to think about the "ground state" or stationary state of an object?

Short Essay Questions

1. Describe the contradiction of relativity to Newton's law of gravity.

2. What does the E = mc2 equation show?

3. What was the bedrock of relativity theory, and what did it imply?

4. What does Hawking believe the possibility of intelligent beings' existence depends on?

5. What does it mean for stars to be red-shifted or blue-shifted?

6. What changed about the way we view zero point fluctuations in the 1940s?

7. What is vacuum energy?

8. What did Penrose and Hawking's theory have to say about the universe's history?

9. What paper did Einstein write with Grossman in 1913 and what happened in 1915 related to this same project?

10. Why does the theory of general relativity break down when discussing the Big Bang?

(see the answer keys)

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