|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. About 200,000 years ago, H. sapiens appears to have diverged into two distinct lineages usually known as what?
(a) Homo sapiens.
(b) Cro-Magnon man.
(c) Homo erectus.
2. How are humans unique among primates?
(a) They are both social and monogamous.
(b) They are both social and polygamous.
(c) They perform sexual acts frequently.
(d) The are isolated and monogamous.
3. What did Neanderthals apparently master?
(a) Creating the wheel.
4. How do scientists know that about four millions of years ago the first proto-human hominids began to walk upright?
(a) From analyzing skeletal limb changes discovered in the fossil record.
(b) Footprints have been left by these proto-human hominids.
(c) The food eaten by the proto-human hominids is different than previous species.
(d) The skeletons of chimpanzees have been found from the same time period.
5. What did Charles Darwin realize about many organisms' traits?
(a) They sometimes have survival benefits.
(b) They always have survival benefits.
(c) They often have survival benefits.
(d) They do not appear to give any survival benefit, and some are adverse to survival.
6. The chimp species (Pan troglodytes) shares what percent of its DNA in common with the pygmy chimp species (Pan paniscus)?
7. What does evidence suggest about how long race has been a characteristic of modern humans?
(a) A somewhat short time.
(b) A somewhat long time.
(c) A very long time.
(d) A very short time.
8. When do various physical illnesses and social disease arise?
(a) With the advent of agriculture and rising population densities.
(b) When food is scarce.
(c) When various groups converge.
(d) With the hunting to extinction of large species by the hunter-gatherer societies.
9. What sexual strategy does the author say individual humans should adopt?
(a) One that is the safest.
(b) One that maximizes their individual reproductive success.
(c) One that is polygamous.
(d) One that is monogamous.
10. Why were many of these scientific studies about extra-marital sexual unions never published?
(a) Because they were incomplete.
(b) Because they were inconclusive.
(c) Because they were incorrect.
(d) Because their conclusions were deemed too inflammatory.
11. What physical traits tend to be significant for an individual's attraction to someone else?
(a) Traits that closely approximate their own.
(b) Traits that are not dominant in one's own.
(c) Traits that are different from one's own.
(d) Traits that contrast with one's own.
12. What does the author say about primates with small testes?
(a) They are more aggressive.
(b) They are more complaisant.
(c) They mate frequently.
(d) They mate infrequently.
13. What is the correlation for same-race mating?
14. What does Chapter 2 present?
(a) A brief overview of human evolution.
(b) A detailed description of Pan.
(c) A detailed description of the first Homo.
(d) A brief overview of chimpanzee evolution.
15. Is the first criterion uniquely human?
(d) In some cases.
Short Answer Questions
1. Both chimps and humans share what percent of their DNA in common with the gorilla species?
2. Why are studies of sexual attractiveness in humans difficult to do?
3. What does the author conclude about art?
4. The author then considers the nearly uniquely human feature of female estrus?
5. The art produced was determined by professional artists to be what?
This section contains 571 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)