|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. To what is the pair bonding found among humans probably due?
(a) The need for having many children.
(b) The inordinately high burden of childcare found within human societies.
(c) The need for a permanent mate.
(d) The difficulty of surviving on one's own.
2. Why does the author suggest this about an optimal organism?
(a) Humans are likely to survive accidents so more energy should be put into child-rearing.
(b) Humans are simply not likely to experience survival after having a limb severed and thus the expense of maintaining limb-regeneration capability would rob energy and resources from other, more significant, capabilities that are more likely to be needed.
(c) Humans are equally balanced to survive most incidences.
(d) Humans can survive without various body parts, so more energy can go into everyday living.
3. When do chimps, humans, and gorillas break off from the remaining higher primates?
(a) C. 20 millions of years ago.
(b) C. 5 millions of years ago.
(c) C. 10 millions of years ago.
(d) C. 15 millions of years ago.
4. The art produced was determined by professional artists to be what?
(c) Of high artistic value.
(d) Low art.
5. Does an analysis of today's few remaining hunter-gatherer societies suggest that the conventional wisdom is correct?
(c) In some cultures.
(d) Only in certain climates in the world.
6. Why does the author largely reject this belief?
(a) Many animals and most mammals use vocalizations; clearly, they convey some sense of meaning.
(b) Many animals understand each other and other species.
(c) Many animals are capable of learning new information.
(d) Many animals have the capabilities to love.
7. Do most racial traits appear to have any meaningful influence on environmental fitness?
8. What physical traits tend to be significant for an individual's attraction to someone else?
(a) Traits that contrast with one's own.
(b) Traits that are different from one's own.
(c) Traits that closely approximate their own.
(d) Traits that are not dominant in one's own.
9. What do some linguists convincingly argue about the complexity of language?
(a) It demands a biologically pre-determined capability for language.
(b) No language is extremely complex.
(c) It is more complex for some languages than others.
(d) Only a few languages are truly complex.
10. What does the author say about primates with small testes?
(a) They are more complaisant.
(b) They mate frequently.
(c) They are more aggressive.
(d) They mate infrequently.
11. What final set of traits is clearly correlated to sexual attractiveness?
(c) Nearly all physical traits.
(d) Socioeconomic status.
12. Why does the author reason "like marries like?"
(a) Due to childhood imprinting.
(b) Due to education.
(c) Due to genetics.
(d) Due to the media.
13. The chimp species (Pan troglodytes) shares what percent of its DNA in common with the pygmy chimp species (Pan paniscus)?
14. Why does the author suggest chimps be reclassified as Homo troglodytes and, presumably, Homo paniscus?
(a) Homo and Pan are the same nomenclature.
(b) Pan precedes Homo in the nomenclature.
(c) Chimps are no longer Pan.
(d) Homo precedes Pan in the nomenclature.
15. How does the author believe that humans and chimps should properly be considered to be?
(a) One species in two genera.
(b) One species within a single genus.
(c) Two species in two genera.
(d) Two species within a single genus.
Short Answer Questions
1. To what did agriculture give rise?
2. Can natural selection explain these traits?
3. The author presents a greatly simplified view of the evolutionary process where numerous uncertain elements are noted but dismissed. For what does this allow?
4. What have a few captive gorillas and chimpanzees been taught to do?
5. Recently, molecular data obtained from DNA hybridization suggests what?
This section contains 664 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)