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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does the upper class distinguish itself, according to Veblen?
(a) By profiting from labor.
(b) By selling the proceeds of its labor.
(c) By performing labor efficiently.
(d) By avoiding labor.
2. What happens when a community develops a standard of wealth?
(a) Anything beyond that level becomes meritorious.
(b) Society persecutes those below that level.
(c) Anything below that level becomes objectionable.
(d) Society bands together to care for those below that level.
3. What does Veblen say is the motive for ownership?
4. What spiritual need does clothing serve for people?
(a) Veblen says that it comforts them as God comforts them.
(b) Veblen says that it helps them raise their eyes to the skies.
(c) Veblen says that it helps them conform to society.
(d) Veblen says that it reminds them of the discomforts Christ suffered.
5. What term does Veblen use to describe horses and dogs?
(a) Conspicuous beauty.
(b) Conspicuous consumption.
(c) Pecuniary beauty.
(d) Pecuniary respectability.
6. What employments did upper-class people in Iceland and Polynesia work in?
(a) Arts, music, and entertainment.
(b) Government, military, and the ministry.
(c) Management, service jobs, and newspapers.
(d) Investment banking and diplomacy.
7. Where does Veblen say scholars fit in the social spectrum?
(a) They are looked up to for their production of cultural materials.
(b) They are looked up to for their vicarious consumption of cultural production.
(c) They are looked down upon for their lower earnings.
(d) They are valued for their high level of expenditures on conspicuous items.
8. What does Veblen say causes the emergence of crimes against property?
(a) The emergence of money.
(b) The development of debt.
(c) The sanctification of property.
(d) The exploitation of labor.
9. What distinction begins to be drawn as the group around the patron grows?
(a) Between aristocratic and democratic.
(b) Between landed and monied gentry.
(c) Between upper-class and lower-class merchants.
(d) Between noble and ignoble.
10. Who engages in vicarious consumption?
(c) Men of leisure.
11. How does Veblen describe hunting in a predatory culture?
(a) It was a necessary evil.
(b) It was a form of sport.
(c) It was the center of all activities.
(d) It was the source of religion.
12. What incentive does Veblen say results from the desire to own property?
(a) The incentive to work.
(b) The incentive to fight over property.
(c) The incentive to marry.
(d) The incentive to have children.
13. As leisure classes develop, whom do the marginal men of leisure in the lower ranks affiliate themselves with?
(a) The workers.
(b) The men of leisure in the higher ranks.
(c) The upper-class women.
(d) The slaves.
14. Vicarious consumption reflects whose standing?
(a) The slave's.
(b) The worker's.
(c) The servant's.
(d) The patron's.
15. What does Veblen say motivates conspicuous waste?
(a) The desire to give to the poor indirectly.
(b) The desire to demonstrate wealth.
(c) The desire to consume excessively.
(d) The desire to conform to established usage.
Short Answer Questions
1. What clothes should members of the leisure class wear?
2. What does Veblen say was lacking in primitive culture?
3. What does Veblen say causes an item of clothing to be seen as inferior?
4. What force does Veblen say shapes the standard of living?
5. What factors drove the emergence of the leisure class?
This section contains 579 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)