|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Of whose performance does Artaud write in his second note of "Two Notes"?
2. In his "Letters on Cruelty," Artaud writes of who, which "carts off vanquished princes and makes them his slaves"?
3. In his third letter from "Letters on Language," Artaud states that he never meant for cruelty to be used sporadically, but rather as the _____ of his theater."
4. In his first manifesto, the author writes "Every spectacle will contain a physical and ______ element, perceptible to all."
5. Artaud claims in his first letter of "Letters on Language" that while it still qualifies as "theater," a play which depends entirely on a scripted text is nothing but a _____ of theater.
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe how Artaud defines the images and movement of the "Theater of Cruelty" in his second manifesto.
2. What does Artaud write in his "Letters on Language" regarding the psychology of characters?
3. Discuss the use of masks and accessories as described in the First Manifesto.
4. What is Artaud's approach to the audience in the theater of cruelty?
5. Discuss and describe Artaud's depiction of lighting for the Theater of Cruelty in the First Manifesto.
6. What movie does Artaud use in comparison to his main subject in the first note of "Two Notes"? What does he write of American filmmakers?
7. Discuss Artaud's feelings about the cinema as he describes them in "The Theater of Cruelty."
8. To whom is Artaud's third letter written in "Letters on Cruelty"? What is the author's tone in this letter? Why?
9. How does Artaud describe the correlation between actions and language in his "Letters on Language"?
10. Discuss the themes and content of the "Theater of Cruelty" based on the second manifesto. What is the spectacle like?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In "The Theater of Cruelty: First Manifesto," Artaud discusses the need for a "new language" for the theater as "a metaphysics of speech, gesture, and expression, in order to rescue it from its servitude to psychology and "human interest." What does he mean by this?
Essay Topic 2
Discuss Artaud's description of the plague which St. Remys avoided in Artaud's first chapter. What does this story illuminate in terms of the world of art?
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the term "metaphysics." Define this term and relate how the author uses it regarding the theater.
This section contains 884 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)