The Story of Philosophy Test | Final Test - Medium

Will Durant
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. As Russell visits China, he develops new perspectives and better understanding of a profounder culture to what effect?
(a) his curiosity grows
(b) his mathematical formula is proven
(c) his philosophic systems loosen
(d) his habits change

2. Without what does Kant say sensations cannot become perceptions?
(a) space and time
(b) hot and cold
(c) action and reaction
(d) time and energy

3. What does Spencer comment on long before Darwin's theory of natural selection becomes popular by the end of the 1800s?
(a) natural science
(b) circumnavigation
(c) evolution
(d) transmigration

4. Why does Russell visit Russia?
(a) for his health
(b) for a first-hand view of a socialist society
(c) to discuss politics
(d) to talk with the common people

5. What does Kant call knowledge that is independent of sense-experience and whose truth is certain before experience?
(a) a priori
(b) the original sense of connoting sensation
(c) evolution of concepts
(d) necessary and non-experiential

Short Answer Questions

1. Whose mission is it to save religion from reason and science from skepticism?

2. Why does Nietzsche claim that morality and theology must be reconstructed?

3. In what work does Spencer freely express his best ideas with suggestive generalization and political philosophy?

4. How does the German Bismarck eliminate Europe's delusions, democracy, and ideals?

5. What does Bertram Russell's Mysticism and Logic refute?

Short Essay Questions

1. Briefly discuss Bergson's idea of creative evolution.

2. What does Nietzsche's first and only completed book prove?

3. Define the difference between the study of science and the study of social studies and political affairs.

4. How is Immanuel Kant's work burst on the European consciousness?

5. How does Nietzsche see Christian theology in his day?

6. Describe Schopenhauer's views of youth and old age.

7. How does Nietzsche show his attitude toward religion?

8. How does Kant respond after reading Berkeley, Hume, and Rousseau?

9. Explain briefly how Russell became agnostic.

10. What is Nietzsche's thought on democracy and Christianity?

(see the answer keys)

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