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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Bertram Russell's Mysticism and Logic refute?
(a) the illogical nature of mysticism
(b) mathematics for its rigid impersonality and objectivity
(d) socialism as a cause of disease
2. Why does Nietzsche claim that morality and theology must be reconstructed?
(a) to give it more importance
(b) to upgrade the language
(c) to fit the growth of evolutionary theory
(d) to make it more appealing
3. What is the irony of Kant's quiet Prussian life relative to Voltaire's Parisian life?
(a) both of them live in exile
(b) both of them get into trouble with their governments
(c) both of them lack credibility in their day
(d) both of them become quite wealthy
4. What causes Bergson to become a famous popular philosopher?
(a) his denouncement of Darwin
(b) his winning the Nobel Prize
(c) his work, Creative Evolution
(d) his world travels and lectures
5. What does Kant insist must be absolute and derived only from the inner self by direct perception and intuition?
(a) the scientific basis for religion
(b) the moral basis of religion
(c) the theological basis for religion
(d) the miraculous basis for religion
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Kant set out to prove is innate and does not come from experience?
2. On what does Spencer say the soul of men living humble and precarious lives relies?
3. What does Nietzsche do that gets him discharged from the military?
4. How does Kant classify an action done in accord with one's inner sense of duty?
5. Who is the dominant philosophical thinker of the 19th Century?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the two periods of Bertram Russell's philosophical life.
2. In his The Critique of Pure Reason how does Kant say knowledge comes?
3. Describe Schopenhauer's views of youth and old age.
4. How does Schopenhauer's philosophy sound like modern merchandising?
5. Describe Herbert Spencer as a man.
6. Briefly describe Spencer's formula of evolution.
7. Explain briefly how Russell became agnostic.
8. Briefly discuss Bergson's idea of creative evolution.
9. How does Schopenhauer illustrate, along with Aristotle, that the power of will drives plants, animals and man?
10. What select group is Schopenhauer included in during the first half of the 19th century?
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