|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is Lovejoy's term for the ecological crisis?
(a) Ecosystem decay.
(b) Faunal collapse.
(c) Relaxation to equilibrium.
(d) Catastrophic deterioration.
2. How did humans hurt the dodo population directly?
(a) By building on their nesting grounds.
(b) By killing the trees that supplied them with food.
(c) By killing them for sport.
(d) By gathering their eggs and hunting them.
3. What function does the first chapter serve?
4. How would you describe Quammen's style?
(a) Patient and thorough.
5. How does Quammen say lizards probably arrived at Krakatau?
(a) They developed independently from amphibians there.
(b) Came with humans.
6. How does Quammen find fault with other scientists studying extinctions?
(a) By saying that their vocabulary is insufficient to the problems.
(b) By saying that they have only been talking to each other.
(c) By saying that their nostalgia clouds their findings.
(d) By saying that their fundamental premises were ungrounded.
7. How does Quammen describe the efforts of other scientists?
8. What does a species have if it has high dispersal ability?
(a) The ability to change their environment to suit their own traits.
(b) The ability to withstand great environmental changes.
(c) The ability to adapt to new environmental conditions.
(d) The ability to move from place to place.
9. What important book did Robert McArthur and Edward Wilson publish in 1967?
(a) 'The Selfish Gene'.
(b) 'The Origin of Species'.
(c) 'The Mismeasure of Man'.
(d) 'The Theory of Island Biogeography'.
10. What was Tasmania's environmental history, according to Quammen?
(a) It was formed by a volcano in the sea.
(b) It was isolated by a growing mountain range in India.
(c) It was separated from Australia by water.
(d) It experienced a catastrophic eruption that killed off everything on the island, before life returned slowly.
11. What does Quammen say about each of the pieces?
(a) They are complex and well made.
(b) They are each complete in themselves.
(c) They are unintelligible without the whole design.
(d) They are nothing without the whole.
12. Who is Philip Darlington?
(a) A writer.
(b) A biologist.
(c) A mathematician.
(d) A sailor.
13. Where did the dodo live?
(a) Sri Lanka.
(c) Galapagos Islands.
14. How does Quammen describe the komodo dragon's territory?
(a) As the whole history of its development in the ecosystem.
(b) As an island within an island.
(c) As inseparable from the islands where it developed.
(d) As any environment that satisfies its survival requirements.
15. What question does Quammen say was debated for years after Darwin's theories were published?
(a) Whether he stole his work from Wallace.
(b) Whether he acted honorably toward Wallace.
(c) Whether he developed the theory of evolution on his own.
(d) Whether he owed Wallace for the material he borrowed.
Short Answer Questions
1. What family does Quammen say hippopotamuses and deer belong to?
2. Why is Krakatau scientifically important?
3. What did Frank Preston study?
4. When does Quammen say his field became a field of inquiry?
5. What were theories of species evolution based on in Wallace's time?
This section contains 514 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)