|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What assertion did Frank Preston make based on his data?
(a) That a national park 'microcosm' would not be representative of wild species.
(b) That a national park could contain a microcosm of the wild species.
(c) That a national park that wanted to be a microcosm of wild species would need a large buffer zone to encourage diversity.
(d) That the earth itself is a single ecosystem, and it cannot be broken down into constituent parts without losing sight of the whole.
2. What evidence did Wallace site to suggest problems with the special creation theory?
(a) That human beings could be found in every climate.
(b) That some ecological niches went unfilled.
(c) That species had adapted to every different environment on earth.
(d) That when species were displaced, they sometimes thrived in the new territory.
3. What were the first plants to arrive after the eruption of Krakatau?
(c) Mosses and ferns.
4. Who was Truganini?
(a) A researcher in Tasmania.
(b) The last surviving Tasmanian woman.
(c) A sailor who reported on Tasmanian tigers.
(d) A naturalists who studied the Tasmanian tiger.
5. What was the special creation theory?
(a) The idea that God made each species for its environment.
(b) The theory that man was specifically created out of the best traits of the other animals.
(c) The theory that the universe was created especially for man's comfort.
(d) The theory that species developed only the most aesthetic traits.
6. What question does Quammen say was debated for years after Darwin's theories were published?
(a) Whether he stole his work from Wallace.
(b) Whether he acted honorably toward Wallace.
(c) Whether he owed Wallace for the material he borrowed.
(d) Whether he developed the theory of evolution on his own.
7. What was Tasmania's environmental history, according to Quammen?
(a) It was formed by a volcano in the sea.
(b) It was separated from Australia by water.
(c) It experienced a catastrophic eruption that killed off everything on the island, before life returned slowly.
(d) It was isolated by a growing mountain range in India.
8. What is the difference between an isolate and a sample?
(a) Trends in an isolate can be applied to larger areas.
(b) An isolate does not have a relation with a larger area.
(c) Samples are only statistically related to larger environments.
(d) A sample is only representative of itself.
9. Why is Krakatau scientifically important?
(a) It is an exception to most rules of population dispersal.
(b) It is a controlled experiment.
(c) It is just being populated now.
(d) It is so isolated.
10. Who is Philip Darlington?
(a) A mathematician.
(b) A sailor.
(c) A biologist.
(d) A writer.
11. What traits did sailors notice in animals on remote islands?
(a) They were more varied than species on land.
(b) They were smaller and harder to observe than their counterparts on land.
(c) They adapted more quickly to environmental changes than animals on larger land masses.
(d) They were unafraid of humans, and thus easy prey.
12. What does Quammen say an island is?
(a) An isolate.
(b) A sample.
(c) A replica of other ecosystems.
(d) A fundamentally unique environment.
13. How does Quammen describe the komodo dragon's territory?
(a) As an island within an island.
(b) As the whole history of its development in the ecosystem.
(c) As inseparable from the islands where it developed.
(d) As any environment that satisfies its survival requirements.
14. Where did Wallace travel after the Amazon?
(c) The Malay Archipelago.
(d) Galapagos islands.
15. What does Quammen say makes his field important?
(a) Because it is holistic and global in scope.
(b) Because island ecosystems are a good metaphor for ecosystems as a whole.
(c) Because it has predicted recent phenomena.
(d) Because it accounts for events other fields cannot account for.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the Guam rail?
2. What did Frank Preston say made up the majority of species in any ecosystem?
3. How did sailors describe the dodo?
4. What ecosystem does Wallace distinguish from ecosystems that developed in isolation?
5. Who does Quammen say typically collected insects?
This section contains 716 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)