|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the term that encompasses David Quammen's overall idea?
(a) Ecosystem collapse.
(b) Functional adaptation.
(c) Survival of the fittest.
(d) Island biogeography.
2. What is the literary term that describes Quammen's addressing the reader directly?
(c) Indirect discourse.
3. What does Quammen say about each of the pieces?
(a) They are nothing without the whole.
(b) They are unintelligible without the whole design.
(c) They are each complete in themselves.
(d) They are complex and well made.
4. What traits did sailors notice in animals on remote islands?
(a) They adapted more quickly to environmental changes than animals on larger land masses.
(b) They were smaller and harder to observe than their counterparts on land.
(c) They were more varied than species on land.
(d) They were unafraid of humans, and thus easy prey.
5. When does Quammen say his field became a field of inquiry?
(a) With Alfred Wallace.
(b) With Darwin.
(c) With Quammen.
(d) With MacArthur and Wilson.
6. What did Frank Preston say made up the majority of species in any ecosystem?
(a) A large number of small animals that served as food for a number of larger animals.
(b) A large number of fairly common species.
(c) A few very common species.
(d) A few very rare species.
7. What evidence did Wallace site to suggest problems with the special creation theory?
(a) That human beings could be found in every climate.
(b) That species had adapted to every different environment on earth.
(c) That when species were displaced, they sometimes thrived in the new territory.
(d) That some ecological niches went unfilled.
8. Where did the dodo live?
(b) Sri Lanka.
(d) Galapagos Islands.
9. Who did Robert Bates work with?
10. What is Lovejoy's term for the ecological crisis?
(a) Relaxation to equilibrium.
(b) Faunal collapse.
(c) Catastrophic deterioration.
(d) Ecosystem decay.
11. How did humans hurt the dodo population directly?
(a) By killing the trees that supplied them with food.
(b) By killing them for sport.
(c) By building on their nesting grounds.
(d) By gathering their eggs and hunting them.
12. What is the difference between an isolate and a sample?
(a) Samples are only statistically related to larger environments.
(b) Trends in an isolate can be applied to larger areas.
(c) A sample is only representative of itself.
(d) An isolate does not have a relation with a larger area.
13. What doe Quammen say about this rule?
(a) It required enormous statistical calculations to arrive at it.
(b) It is still not established as accepted science.
(c) It is highly controversial.
(d) It is intuitive, but also more complicated.
14. Where did the dodo nest?
(a) In burrows.
(b) In trees.
(c) In man-made structures.
(d) On the ground.
15. When did Krakatau erupt?
Short Answer Questions
1. How long after the eruption did it take for 271 species to be counted at Krakatau?
2. What does Quammen say about the overall pattern on this hypothetical rug?
3. What ecosystem does Wallace distinguish from ecosystems that developed in isolation?
4. How did humans hurt the dodo population indirectly?
5. What important book did Robert McArthur and Edward Wilson publish in 1967?
This section contains 575 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)