|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the late 1980s, where did an American herpetologist go and find only one single male golden toad?
2. What did golden frogs look like when they walk?
3. What did Luis Alvarez decide to use to clock the clay in Gola del Bottaccione?
4. In Chapter 5, where was Luis Alvarez able to obtain rock samples?
5. When did Crutzen publish "Geology of Mankind"?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did Charles Lyell become a scientist?
2. What did the author see as she swam toward volcanic vents off Castello Aragonese?
3. How did Lyell and Darwin view extinction?
4. Where were the first mastodon bones found that were studied?
5. In Chapter 5, what rocks did Luis Alvarez study and what did he learn?
6. How was extinction dealt with before the end of the 18th century?
7. What were the frogs like that Darwin discovered in Chile?
8. Why didn't Charles Lyell believe in catastrophism?
9. What deforested Easter Island and how was that conclusion derived?
10. How did the creatures collected by Hall-Spencer and Buia reveal the destructive effect of the volcanic vents?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Scientists speculate about the future of the earth and humans and a Sixth Extinction. Was a Sixth Extinction inevitable or were there ways that a Sixth Extinction could be averted?
Essay Topic 2
The Birnam Wood scenario speculated that climate change would cause trees to move upslope. How would climate change cause trees to move from a lower elevation to a higher elevation and why was that significant?
Essay Topic 3
It was theorized that the world was once one continent. Why did the concept of species migrating and the difficulty of their doing so without assistance lead to the idea that the world once was one continent? What evidence was discovered that seemed to support the theory?
This section contains 716 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)