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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In Satire IV, which of the following characters did NOT advise the king about his exceptionally large meal?
2. Why were artists unable to revel in their artistry?
3. To which of the following characters was Emperor Otho compared?
4. Which of the following groups of people does Juvenal describe as being greedy?
5. During which month of the year did the characters in "The Sixteen Satires" vacation in Saturnalia?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who was Gracchu, and what was Juvenal's complaint about him?
2. What complaint did Umbricius have about the Roman court system?
3. What reason did Umbrucius give for wanting to move away from Rome?
4. What type of meal was Trebius served at Virro's dinner party?
5. What were the effects of the loss of private patronage for artists?
6. What conflict did Juvenal see in the way that teachers were treated by the parents of their students?
7. What advice was Postumus given when he decided that he would like to get married?
8. Who was Emperor Domitian?
9. What was the relationship between clients and patrons in Juvenal's village?
10. Who was Montanus, and what great idea did he come up with?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Throughout the Satires Juvenal frequently refers to Homer's epic poem, The Iliad. Why do you think that The Iliad is such an important touchstone in Juvenal's life? In what situations does Juvenal refer back to it? Which characters in The Iliad seem most important to Juvenal's debates? Why?
Essay Topic 2
Juvenal's friend, Umbricius, is determined to not move away from Rome. Why does Umbricius feel that he must leave Rome? How does Juvenal react to Umbricius' move? Given the political state of Rome, which man's argument merits more of your empathy? Why?
Essay Topic 3
In Satire V, Juvenal describes the events of a typical dinner party at Virro's home. How does Virro's treatment of important guests and less important guests differ at his fancy dinner party? How does Virro's dinner party exemplify the complex relationship between clients and patrons in Rome?
This section contains 908 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)