|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Dawkins believe about the tension between survival of different generations?
(a) Children begin at a disadvantage, at the mercy of parents, and later begin to control the resources.
(b) A compromise evolves where different generations get reasonable amounts of resources.
(c) The children are always benefited, even at costs to older generations.
(d) The parents are the primary benefactor because they control resources, and children only get the minimum of what they need.
2. How does the author suggest that bird calls might help a bird that is trying to fly up into the trees?
(a) The call might cause other birds to call and hide the noise of the bird's wings.
(b) The call might frighten away other birds in the tree the bird is flying to.
(c) The call might be hard to pinpoint and therefore distract predators.
(d) The call might cause other birds to fly and confuse any predators.
3. How closely related are two sister bees?
(b) One quarter.
(c) One half.
(d) Three quarters.
4. What reason does Dawkins give that females care more for offspring?
(a) A female does not have the ability to reproduce again immediately.
(b) A female is naturally nurturing.
(c) A female has a greater relatedness to the offspring.
(d) A female has already contributed more resources in terms of the egg.
5. What attribute of male birds of paradise does Zahavi say is a kind of boast that even with a dangerous physical characteristic, the bird is strong enough to survive?
(a) A long, dragging tail.
(b) A beautifully feathered but uselessly structured foot.
(c) A bright, attractive pattern on its wings.
(d) A brightly colored, easily seen headdress.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does the study of egg clutch sizes that Dawkins cites show?
2. What does Dawkins believe about human population growth?
3. Why might an older animal be less valuable to selfish genes than young related animals?
4. What happens to female mice as the population rises to unacceptable limits?
5. What does Wynne-Edwards say happens when other animals communicate to the species that there is overpopulation?
Short Essay Questions
1. How do Trivers and Dawkins differ in their interpretation of males investing energy into offspring before mating?
2. According to Dawkins, what selfish behavior might birds that have fewer eggs because of overpopulation exhibit?
3. What does higher PI mean, in R.L. Trivers' ideas?
4. According to Dawkins, in what ways does weaning benefit an older child?
5. What examples does Dawkins give of male animals resisting raising offspring that's not their own?
6. What is Hamilton's explanation of how herds are formed?
7. What explanation does Zahavi propose for stotting?
8. What does Dawkins substitute for survival of a species?
9. Explain the conflict between Wynne-Edwards and Dawkins over territory behavior.
10. What factors does Dawkins mention that affect the human birthrate and population?
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