|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In sexual reproduction, what does the larger egg cell have that the smaller sperm cell does not?
(a) The ability to move around to more beneficial environments.
(b) More food reserves for the future embryo.
(c) The ability to protect itself from other cells.
(d) A complete set of DNA.
2. What is difficult to explain about honeybees, according to Dawkins' theory?
(a) The large number of extra female bees.
(b) The large number of queens produced in each generation.
(c) The large number of extra male bees.
(d) The large number of eggs laid by the queen.
3. What does Wynne-Edwards believe about birth rates?
(a) Birth rates are controlled by a combination of species and individual needs.
(b) Individuals might purposefully reduce birth rates for the good of the species.
(c) Birth rates will always increase unless environmental factors intervene.
(d) Species might regulate birth rates for individuals.
4. What four categories does Dawkins have in his game theory analysis of male and female sexual and childrearing behaviors?
(a) Faithful females, faithless females, faithful males, and faithless males.
(b) Coy females, fast females, faithful males, and philandering males.
(c) Accepting females, rejecting females, cooperative males, and uncooperative males.
(d) Coy females, philandering females, demanding males, and unreliable males.
5. How is male and female responsibility for offspring different in fish?
(a) Males care for eggs, and then females take over when the offspring hatches.
(b) Females care for the eggs, and when they hatch, they leave the live offspring to the males.
(c) Females may lay eggs and abandon them, while males fertilize the eggs and are left to care for them.
(d) Males and females both leave their fertilized eggs without investing resources in them.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Wynne-Edwards believe about territories that animals fight over?
2. What does Dawkins cite Medawar's study to help explain?
3. According to Dawkins, is there a genetic reason to favor one child over others?
4. In the natural world, which gender does Dawkins identify as more likely to select the other for breeding?
5. According to the relatedness calculations in the book, how closely related is an individual to a cousin?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the cuckoo's adaptation to care for its eggs?
2. What does Dawkins substitute for survival of a species?
3. What does higher PI mean, in R.L. Trivers' ideas?
4. Why, from the standpoint of the selfish gene, is it more beneficial to save five siblings than five cousins?
5. Explain Dawkins' interpretation of the affects of overpopulation on female mice.
6. What factors does Dawkins mention that affect the human birthrate and population?
7. How do Trivers and Dawkins differ in their interpretation of males investing energy into offspring before mating?
8. What examples does Dawkins give of male animals resisting raising offspring that's not their own?
9. What may happen to guillemot eggs, and what is the adaptation of guillemots to deal with this?
10. Explain the conflict between Wynne-Edwards and Dawkins over territory behavior.
This section contains 958 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)