|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What behavior does the author cite about how elephant seals relate to rivals?
(a) Elephant seals wait for the strongest rival to die or become too old.
(b) Elephant seals steal mates away from the strongest rival.
(c) Elephant seals group together to attack the strongest rival.
(d) Elephant seals kill increasingly difficult rivals until they are killed.
2. In Dawkins' metaphor about DNA, how does he describe the creation of new DNA by sexual reproduction?
(a) Books from different shelves are mixed together on a new shelf.
(b) Two books are combined into one two-volume work.
(c) Two bookshelves are combined into one.
(d) Pages are torn out of different books and put together.
3. What does Dawkins call the molecule that he imagines as the first molecule to make copies of itself?
(a) The chicken-and-egg molecule.
(b) The duplicator.
(c) The proto-RNA.
(d) The replicator.
4. What would competition between early self-copying molecules be over?
(c) Gaseous molecules.
(d) Building-block molecules.
5. In the science fiction story Dawkins cites, who sends instructions through time?
(a) Future humans.
(b) Intelligent animals.
6. What hazard does the author identify in killing a rival?
(a) Others might try to revenge the rival.
(b) The rival will no longer be able to cooperate to protect against enemies.
(c) A stronger rival might take the rival's place.
(d) The attacker might be ostracized for killing the rival.
7. How does Dawkins define communication?
(a) A mutually learned behavior resulting from genetic behaviors that help groups of gene machines maintain cohesiveness.
(b) A gene behavior that helps one group of genes survive by influencing the behavior of another.
(c) A learned behavior that is founded in genetic behaviors linking multiple gene machines.
(d) A gene behavior that allows cooperation between multiple gene machines.
8. What apparently selfish act of the praying mantis does the author describe?
(a) Fighting over an aphid colony.
(b) A female eating her mate.
(c) Leading another mantis into a spider's web.
(d) Injuring another mantis that enters a claimed territory.
9. In Dawkins' metaphor about DNA, how many books are on the bookshelf?
10. What would molecules that grouped and built protective walls around themselves become?
(a) Single-celled organisms.
(d) Inorganic materials.
11. What two opposites does Dawkins say he is examining the biology of?
(a) Rationality and emotionalism.
(b) Selfishness and altruism.
(c) Individuality and community.
(d) Self-centeredness and other-centeredness.
12. What does longevity provide to an early molecule, according to Dawkins?
(a) Time to modify itself.
(b) Time to modify its surroundings.
(c) Time to make copies of itself.
(d) Time to repair itself.
13. In early reproducing molecules, what is the measure of "success"?
(a) That there are more chemical reactions that can use the molecule.
(b) That there are more molecules around that are like the molecule.
(c) That there are more copies of the molecule, whether they are accurate or not.
(d) That there are fewer ways for the molecule to be destroyed.
14. What does the author suggest might be better wording than "survival of the fittest"?
(a) Survival of the stable.
(b) Survival of the best.
(c) Survival of the most adaptable.
(d) Survival of the most reliable.
15. In Dawkins' discussion, what does he consider alleles to be, relative to genes?
(a) Cooperative partners.
(d) Immaterial extras.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does Dawkins say individuals within a species interact more with each other than with other species?
2. How many nucleotide chains are in DNA?
3. What does Dawkins say readers can think of DNA as?
4. What apparently unselfish behavior of small birds does the author describe?
5. When a cell creates a sperm cell or egg cell with reduced DNA, what is the process called?
This section contains 665 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)