|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What two opposites does Dawkins say he is examining the biology of?
(a) Rationality and emotionalism.
(b) Individuality and community.
(c) Self-centeredness and other-centeredness.
(d) Selfishness and altruism.
2. Does the author believe that genetically inherited traits cannot be changed?
(a) No, he does not believe genetically inherited traits are impossible to change.
(b) Yes, he believes that genetically inherited traits are unchangeable, but they don't govern all behavior.
(c) No, he believes that genetically inherited traits are only vague predispositions that are easily and commonly changed.
(d) Yes, he believes genetically inherited traits cover all behavior and are unchangeable.
3. What does longevity provide to an early molecule, according to Dawkins?
(a) Time to modify itself.
(b) Time to repair itself.
(c) Time to modify its surroundings.
(d) Time to make copies of itself.
4. In the science fiction story Dawkins cites, is the machine created by the instructions beneficial or dangerous?
(a) It is neither dangerous nor beneficial.
(b) It is dangerous.
(c) It is both beneficial and dangerous, at different times.
(d) It is beneficial.
5. How does Dawkins argue for communication being selfish?
(a) By pointing out that the ends of communiation benefit both parties.
(b) By pointing out lying and misleading communications.
(c) By pointing out that communication always has a main communcator.
(d) By pointing out that communication is only understaken for specific, selfish ends.
6. How many nucleotide chains are in DNA?
7. When a cell divides to make a new cell with identical DNA, what is the process called?
8. What is the name of the bee disease that Dawkins mentions in his example?
(a) Stone brood.
(b) Sac brood.
(c) Foul brood.
(d) Chalk brood.
9. What is the most stable result of the specific ESS simulation Dawkins describes?
(a) A 1:4 mixture of two kinds of behavior.
(b) A 1:1 mixture of two kinds of behavior.
(c) A 3:2 mixture of two kinds of behavior.
(d) A 7:5 mixture of two kinds of behavior.
10. In the set of bees Dawkins mentions that deal with this disease, what does a second gene the bees have do?
(a) Cause the bees to crush sick baby bees.
(b) Cause the bees to eat sick baby bees.
(c) Cause the bees to throw sick baby bees out of the hive.
(d) Cause the bees to leave the hive where sick baby bees are.
11. How does the author define intelligent life?
(a) As life that creates lasting communications.
(b) As life that asks where it came from.
(c) As life that tries to define itself.
(d) As life that distinguishes itself from other life.
12. In Dawkins' metaphor about DNA, what represents a gene?
(a) A chapter in a book.
(b) A page in a book.
(c) A line on a page in a book.
(d) A word in a book.
13. In early reproducing molecules, what is the measure of "success"?
(a) That there are more molecules around that are like the molecule.
(b) That there are more chemical reactions that can use the molecule.
(c) That there are more copies of the molecule, whether they are accurate or not.
(d) That there are fewer ways for the molecule to be destroyed.
14. How does Dawkins define communication?
(a) A gene behavior that allows cooperation between multiple gene machines.
(b) A learned behavior that is founded in genetic behaviors linking multiple gene machines.
(c) A gene behavior that helps one group of genes survive by influencing the behavior of another.
(d) A mutually learned behavior resulting from genetic behaviors that help groups of gene machines maintain cohesiveness.
15. What game, played by computers, does Dawkins use as an example of things that can happen automatically based on rules?
Short Answer Questions
1. In Dawkins' examine of ESS simulations, what two kinds of creatures are there?
2. What molecules does Dawkins say existed in ancient seas and formed amino acids?
3. What does the Watt Governor machine appear to do?
4. What fundamental question does Dawkins want to consider?
5. What would not have existed in early oceans, that would have allowed amino acids and proteins to exist for long periods of time, to slowly develop into more complex forms?
This section contains 730 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)