|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What apparently selfish act of the penguin does the author describe?
(a) Stealing food from a baby penguin's mouth.
(b) Stealing other penguins' eggs.
(c) Hiding behind other penguins when a predator is spotted.
(d) Shoving each other to see who will fall off a cliff.
2. How does Dawkins define communication?
(a) A gene behavior that allows cooperation between multiple gene machines.
(b) A learned behavior that is founded in genetic behaviors linking multiple gene machines.
(c) A mutually learned behavior resulting from genetic behaviors that help groups of gene machines maintain cohesiveness.
(d) A gene behavior that helps one group of genes survive by influencing the behavior of another.
3. In Dawkins' description, how does a retaliator behave?
(a) A retaliator mimics the behavior of the creature it encounters.
(b) A retaliator appears to be a hawk but acts like a dove.
(c) A retaliator appears to be a dove but acts like a hawk.
(d) A retaliator waits to see what will happen and then reacts through a code of rules.
4. What is the smallest unit that is reproduced and carried on through natural selection?
(a) A gene.
(b) A DNA strand.
(c) A chromosome.
(d) A cell.
5. How many nucleotide chains are in DNA?
6. What would competition between early self-copying molecules be over?
(a) Building-block molecules.
(b) Gaseous molecules.
7. When a cell divides to make a new cell with identical DNA, what is the process called?
8. What example of the type of valued human behavior that perhaps influences people to believe in group selection does Dawkins give?
(a) Giving to a charitable organization to prevent world hunger.
(b) Asking people to go to war to protect their country.
(c) Getting a job to beneift one's family.
(d) Volunteering for community service.
9. What does Dawkins say readers can think of DNA as?
(a) A dictatorial ruler.
(b) A set of plans.
(c) A set of general guidelines.
(d) A computer controling the body.
10. What would give longevity to early self-duplicating molecules, according to Dawkins?
(a) Greater stability.
(b) Greater flexibility.
(c) Larger numbers of components.
(d) Smaller numbers of elements.
11. What does Dawkins describe as "intruder retreat" behavior?
(a) Entities tend to retreat from aggressive intruders.
(b) Strangers tend to consider each other intruders and retreat.
(c) The entity intruding into an unknown situation tends to retreat.
(d) Groups tend to retreat when an intruder is in the area.
12. What hazard does the author identify in killing a rival?
(a) A stronger rival might take the rival's place.
(b) Others might try to revenge the rival.
(c) The attacker might be ostracized for killing the rival.
(d) The rival will no longer be able to cooperate to protect against enemies.
13. What two opposites does Dawkins say he is examining the biology of?
(a) Self-centeredness and other-centeredness.
(b) Individuality and community.
(c) Rationality and emotionalism.
(d) Selfishness and altruism.
14. In Dawkins' metaphor about DNA, how many books are on the bookshelf?
15. What type of animal brains does Dawkins say are most successful?
(a) Animal brians that can creat instinctive action.
(b) Animal brians that can analyze input.
(c) Animal brains that can learn.
(d) Animal brains that can communicate quickly.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the set of bees Dawkins mentions that deal with this disease, what does a second gene the bees have do?
2. In Dawkins' metaphor about DNA, what represents a gene?
3. Why does the author use the word "apparently" to describe selfish or unselfish behavior?
4. If two genes normally cooperate, what happens when one gene is missing?
5. What almost always happens when copies of things are made, according to Dawkins?
This section contains 730 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)