The Rape of Nanking Test | Final Test - Hard

Iris Chang
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which of Chang's friends freely donated her time to help translate a good deal of source material?

2. By spring of 1938, all BUT WHICH of the following functions have resumed in Nanking?

3. Chang states that during her visit to Nanking, she discovers that reparations from Japan in what amount would make a huge difference for the survivors?

4. At the end of "The Forgotten Holocaust," Azuma Shiro becomes the first Japanese veteran to apologize for his role in Nanking. During what year does this occur?

5. In what year during "The Fate of the Survivors" does the People's Republic of China announce that it has forgiven Japan and invites the Japanese prime minister to visit China?

Short Essay Questions

1. Briefly describe the fate of John Rabe after the Nanking massacre.

2. Briefly describe the medical experiments conducted by the Japanese on citizens of Nanking. How many are killed in this manner?

3. Describe Nanking's economic situation after the massacre.

4. How does the outside world get information on the events in Nanking during "What the World Knew"?

5. According to "Judgment Day," the IMTFE tribunals uncovered crimes outside Nanking. Describe the information gained during the trials about Japanese atrocities.

6. What information and assistance do the surviving American and European eyewitnesses and their families give Chang?

7. Explain Matsui Iwane's philosophy about China as discussed in the Epilogue.

8. Why does Emperor Hirohito never face any sort of consequence for his role in the Rape of Nanking or other events during the war?

9. Describe what happened to Azuma Shiro, as discussed in "The Forgotten Holocaust."

10. What event finally ends the occupation of Nanking, and when does it end?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Discuss the social and economic factors that enabled Japan to begin feeling as though it were the victim of an international conspiracy in the years prior to Japan's attempt to conquer China. How are the factors interlinked? Was there something to Japan's feeling that it was being picked on by the international community, or were they looking for an excuse to be upset with the rest of the world? Was the international community being fair or unfair toward Japan?

Essay Topic 2

Emperor Hirohito and his family were granted immunity for all wartime actions in exchange for Japan's surrender. In a well-developed essay, discuss whether or not this action was justified. Use supporting material from the text to analyze how much the emperor knew of the events in Nanking, and to what extent other members of the imperial family should or should not have been held accountable.

Essay Topic 3

To what factors can the behavior of Chinese soldiers and officers be attributed during the abandonment of Nanking? What mentality explains the soldiers' disorganized efforts to leave the city, and their attempts to disguise themselves so as not be recognized as soldiers?

(see the answer keys)

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