|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following individuals is the director of the Japanese environmental agency who comments that Japan never intended to be aggressive and is forced to retract the statement in "The Forgotten Holocaust"?
2. The Epilogue states that the Rape of Nanking is just one example of Japanese atrocities during how many years of war?
3. The Epilogue states that some scholars explain the horrors in Nanking and other atrocities by a phenomenon known as what?
4. "Judgment Day" states that some of the worst atrocities in Nanking are committed by which man, who dies shortly after Japan's surrender?
5. The end of "Judgment Day" states that Emperor Hirohito dies in what year?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe what happened to Azuma Shiro, as discussed in "The Forgotten Holocaust."
2. According to the Epilogue, what is one of the greatest ironies of the cold war?
3. Why does Emperor Hirohito never face any sort of consequence for his role in the Rape of Nanking or other events during the war?
4. What information and assistance do the surviving American and European eyewitnesses and their families give Chang?
5. Briefly describe the fate of John Rabe after the Nanking massacre.
6. Today, the Japanese government takes the position that any wartime reparation issues were dealt with in the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1952. Why is this position erroneous?
7. Describe Nanking's economic situation after the massacre.
8. Why is Matsui Iwane's behavior during his war crimes trial so puzzling?
9. Describe the biological warfare used by the Japanese in an attempt to exterminate Chinese civilians.
10. Briefly describe the medical experiments conducted by the Japanese on citizens of Nanking. How many are killed in this manner?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare and contrast the historical vision of Nanking with the version seen after the Japanese occupation. What major changes could be noticed? How had the population changed? How had the focus of the city changed?
Essay Topic 2
Compare and contrast the Japanese views on surrender and the Chinese views on it as discussed in Chapter 2. In what ways are the two cultures different in their approaches, and what cultural factors contribute to these differences?
Essay Topic 3
The United States and other countries stepped in to put an end to Hitler's Holocaust, yet no such attempt was made to stop the atrocities in Nanking. In a well-developed essay, discuss the reasons why the world community largely stayed out of the events in Nanking, though reports of what was going on were widespread. In addition, discuss what responsibility the world has to intervene when incidents such as Nanking occur.
This section contains 1,027 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)