|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. After his trial, Hisao is executed in a manner that many of the Nanking survivors believe to be much more humane than anything he'd done to his victims. How is Hisao executed?
2. Prince Mikasa Takahito wrote a confessional report about Japanese atrocities that was buried for decades. In what year does Takahito's report emerge?
3. Chang's parents provided all BUT WHICH of the following assistance during the writing of this book?
4. After the massacre, the Japanese create a new government in Nanking. On what date is the Nanking Self-Government Committee created?
5. Haru Murakawa organized a workshop so that Chang could meet with several Japanese and Asians about Nanking. In what year does the workshop take place?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why are John Rabe's diary accounts of Nanking so explosive and important when they are finally released?
2. What information and assistance do the surviving American and European eyewitnesses and their families give Chang?
3. How does the outside world get information on the events in Nanking during "What the World Knew"?
4. What contribution does Dr. Bretton Lee Douglas make to the publication of the book?
5. Today, the Japanese government takes the position that any wartime reparation issues were dealt with in the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1952. Why is this position erroneous?
6. According to the Epilogue, what is one of the greatest ironies of the cold war?
7. What is the US response to the attack on the USS Panay?
8. Briefly describe the fate of Minnie Vautrin after the Nanking massacre.
9. Briefly describe the medical experiments conducted by the Japanese on citizens of Nanking. How many are killed in this manner?
10. Briefly describe the International Military Tribunal for the Far East trials.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In most successful wars and occupations, the master-race theme is often present. Japan used the master-race mentality to justify its occupation of China, just as Nazi Germany used the master-race idea to justify its crimes against Jews, gypsies, and other political "undesirables." Why is this mindset important in Nanking? What does it accomplish? How might Japan's occupation of Nanking have been different if Japanese soldiers did NOT view themselves as more worthy than the Chinese civilians?
Essay Topic 2
Discuss the process by which Japanese soldiers learned to view the Chinese as less than human. At what point did this conditioning begin, and what cultural factors enabled it to be so successful?
Essay Topic 3
From a historical perspective, discuss the reasons why Japan was able to break Nanking in four days with 90,000 Chinese soldiers present in the city. In the discussion, deal with the issues from smallest to largest impact on the fall of the city. Include supporting material from the text.
This section contains 964 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)