The Rape of Nanking Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Iris Chang
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what year does the Meiji government of Japan send a naval fleet to Korea to force a commerce agreement?

2. When the Nanking Safety Zone is initially set up, how long does the International Committee intend for it to be open?

3. Decades later, what is still stunning about the way in which the Rape of Nanking was conducted?

4. After the order to retreat is given, what route is left open to leave Nanking without encountering Japanese soldiers?

5. Which of the following people is alone in advocating a strong defense for Nanking in November of 1937?

Short Essay Questions

1. Briefly describe the five methods of torture used by the Japanese soldiers in their attempt to exterminate the population of Nanking.

2. Briefly describe the three different occupations of Nanking.

3. Chang states in the Introduction that the Rape of Nanking surpasses many of the world's most barbaric events. To which events does she refer, and why was Nanking worse?

4. As discussed in "Six Weeks of Horror," why will the world never fully understand the psychic toll taken on the women of Nanking, despite best efforts to accurately count the number of rapes?

5. In the Introduction, Chang states that various countries view World War II as having different start dates. To what can this disagreement be attributed?

6. According to the Introduction, in what two ways was Japan's mindset as it set out to conquer neighboring nations similar to the way Nazi Germany's mindset would be a few years later? How are the two tactics related?

7. Describe the preparations the Chinese government ordered the citizens to undertake in order to prepare for possible invasions after the fall of Shanghai.

8. Japan occupied Nanking for eight years and set up a government of Chinese collaborators. What was that government NOT able to accomplish during those eight years?

9. As the Japanese army begins mass executions in Nanking, what becomes their most pressing problem, and how do they resolve it?

10. According to Kirby, what haunts Chinese-Japanese relations today, and why?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Discuss the various responses of the Chinese women in Nanking to the widespread rapes committed by Japanese soldiers. Why did so few women fight back? Be sure to include the responses of the women who found themselves pregnant afterward, and also include supporting material from the text.

Essay Topic 2

Describe and analyze the Japanese samurai code. What are the basic principles of this code? How did the code make its way into normal society from the initial applications of samurai life? In what way does the code prepare the Japanese for war?

Essay Topic 3

From a historical perspective, discuss the reasons why Japan was able to break Nanking in four days with 90,000 Chinese soldiers present in the city. In the discussion, deal with the issues from smallest to largest impact on the fall of the city. Include supporting material from the text.

(see the answer keys)

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