|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. When Nanking falls, Japanese soldiers round up tens of thousands of Chinese men and commit all BUT WHICH of the following atrocities?
2. What title does Kirby hold that qualifies him to write the Foreword for Ms. Chang's book?
3. In what year does Japan withdraw from the League of Nations?
4. Which of the following does the author NOT discover is a published book on the subject of Nanking?
5. On December 13, 1937, Japanese soldiers are ordered to execute all Chinese prisoners of war for all BUT WHICH of the following reasons?
Short Essay Questions
1. In the Foreword, what does Kirby say was unique about the Rape of Nanking in regards to the way it was carried out?
2. At what point does the author state that she became aware of the Rape of Nanking, and what caused her to doubt the accuracy of the information with which she had been presented?
3. As the Japanese army begins mass executions in Nanking, what becomes their most pressing problem, and how do they resolve it?
4. In "Six Weeks of Horror," why do the Chinese civilians in Nanking initially believe that the Japanese occupation may not be so bad?
5. According to Kirby, what haunts Chinese-Japanese relations today, and why?
6. Briefly explain the twentieth-century Japanese cultural identity, as detailed in "The Path to Nanking."
7. What are the responses of Japan and China when Nanking falls, as described by William Kirby in the Foreword?
8. Describe Matsui Iwane's reaction to the events in Nanking after he was once again well enough to take command of the soldiers.
9. Japan occupied Nanking for eight years and set up a government of Chinese collaborators. What was that government NOT able to accomplish during those eight years?
10. Briefly describe the three different occupations of Nanking.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In most successful wars and occupations, the master-race theme is often present. Japan used the master-race mentality to justify its occupation of China, just as Nazi Germany used the master-race idea to justify its crimes against Jews, gypsies, and other political "undesirables." Why is this mindset important in Nanking? What does it accomplish? How might Japan's occupation of Nanking have been different if Japanese soldiers did NOT view themselves as more worthy than the Chinese civilians?
Essay Topic 2
Discuss and analyze the Japanese propaganda to the world in general and the population of Nanking in particular during the occupation. Include supporting material from the text.
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the factors and events after the Rape of Nanking that allowed this event to be buried for so long. Include the perspectives of China, Japan, and the United States and the reasons each country may have had to ignore this tragedy.
This section contains 1,085 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)