|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. During the Rape of Nanking, the Japanese outdo all BUT WHICH of the following massacres?
2. Which Chinese city is known as "the Venice of China" and is completely devastated by the Japanese army?
3. Kirby states that all BUT WHICH of Japan's following actions took place in stark contrast to conventional rules of warfare?
4. During which year does the author say she first realized the Nanking massacre was historically accurate and not simply myth?
5. On December 13, 1937, Japanese soldiers are ordered to execute all Chinese prisoners of war for all BUT WHICH of the following reasons?
Short Essay Questions
1. In the Introduction, Chang states that various countries view World War II as having different start dates. To what can this disagreement be attributed?
2. Describe the attitude of Lieutenant Colonel Hashimoto Kingoro about Japan's future in his book, quoted in "The Path to Nanking."
3. Briefly describe the three different occupations of Nanking.
4. Describe the efforts of Japanese textbook editors to censor information about the Rape of Nanking in school textbooks.
5. In "Six Weeks of Horror," why do the Chinese civilians in Nanking initially believe that the Japanese occupation may not be so bad?
6. Describe the role of Chang's parents in the writing of this book.
7. Why are John Rabe's diary accounts of Nanking so explosive and important when they are finally released?
8. Briefly describe the fate of Minnie Vautrin after the Nanking massacre.
9. What event finally ends the occupation of Nanking, and when does it end?
10. According to Kirby, what haunts Chinese-Japanese relations today, and why?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The United States and other countries stepped in to put an end to Hitler's Holocaust, yet no such attempt was made to stop the atrocities in Nanking. In a well-developed essay, discuss the reasons why the world community largely stayed out of the events in Nanking, though reports of what was going on were widespread. In addition, discuss what responsibility the world has to intervene when incidents such as Nanking occur.
Essay Topic 2
Discuss the social and economic factors that enabled Japan to begin feeling as though it were the victim of an international conspiracy in the years prior to Japan's attempt to conquer China. How are the factors interlinked? Was there something to Japan's feeling that it was being picked on by the international community, or were they looking for an excuse to be upset with the rest of the world? Was the international community being fair or unfair toward Japan?
Essay Topic 3
Emperor Hirohito and his family were granted immunity for all wartime actions in exchange for Japan's surrender. In a well-developed essay, discuss whether or not this action was justified. Use supporting material from the text to analyze how much the emperor knew of the events in Nanking, and to what extent other members of the imperial family should or should not have been held accountable.
This section contains 1,955 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)