Mid-Book Test - Hard
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Tuberculosis strikes the first commander of the Japanese military. Who then takes over as the leader of the troops around Nanking?
2. What is the name of the ship on which most foreign diplomats leave Nanking right before it falls to the Japanese?
3. When Nanking falls, Japanese soldiers round up tens of thousands of Chinese men and commit all BUT WHICH of the following atrocities?
4. Japan succeeded in accomplishing war with China during the summer of which year?
5. According to the Introduction, Africans believe World War II began in which year?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Chang at the end of "The Nanking Safety Zone," what is chilling about the number of refugees in the Nanking Safety Zone?
2. What reasons does Chang give in the Introduction as to why the Rape of Nanking is not as well known as the Holocaust or other tragic events?
3. Why do the Japanese encourage narcotic use among the Chinese?
4. Explain the language difficulties Chang faced while finding source material for the book.
5. What information and assistance do the surviving American and European eyewitnesses and their families give Chang?
6. What contribution does Dr. Bretton Lee Douglas make to the publication of the book?
7. Describe the methods used by the Japanese army to subdue the larger Chinese population of Nanking, as described in "Six Weeks of Terror."
8. Why does Emperor Hirohito never face any sort of consequence for his role in the Rape of Nanking or other events during the war?
9. Why is Matsui Iwane's behavior during his war crimes trial so puzzling?
10. Briefly explain the twentieth-century Japanese cultural identity, as detailed in "The Path to Nanking."
Compare and contrast the factors and events after the Rape of Nanking that allowed this event to be buried for so long. Include the perspectives of China, Japan, and the United States and the reasons each country may have had to ignore this tragedy.
In most successful wars and occupations, the master-race theme is often present. Japan used the master-race mentality to justify its occupation of China, just as Nazi Germany used the master-race idea to justify its crimes against Jews, gypsies, and other political "undesirables." Why is this mindset important in Nanking? What does it accomplish? How might Japan's occupation of Nanking have been different if Japanese soldiers did NOT view themselves as more worthy than the Chinese civilians?
Emperor Hirohito and his family were granted immunity for all wartime actions in exchange for Japan's surrender. In a well-developed essay, discuss whether or not this action was justified. Use supporting material from the text to analyze how much the emperor knew of the events in Nanking, and to what extent other members of the imperial family should or should not have been held accountable.
This section contains 1,034 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)