|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Kirby mentions in the Foreword that Nanking prompted China to do all BUT WHICH of the following?
2. What event does the author mention in the Introduction that prompted many Nanking survivors to speak out about the massacre?
3. Decades later, what is still stunning about the way in which the Rape of Nanking was conducted?
4. The fall of Shanghai is a particularly hard blow to the leader of the Nationalists. Who is he?
5. As discussed in "Six Weeks of Horror," Wu Tienwei believes that the actual death toll in Nanking may be what number?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to the Introduction, in what two ways was Japan's mindset as it set out to conquer neighboring nations similar to the way Nazi Germany's mindset would be a few years later? How are the two tactics related?
2. Describe how Tang Shunsan was able to survive his encounter with Japanese soldiers.
3. As discussed in "The Fall of Nanking," what are the reasons historians have found for why Nanking fell in four days with so many Chinese soldiers present to defend the city?
4. Briefly describe the five methods of torture used by the Japanese soldiers in their attempt to exterminate the population of Nanking.
5. Describe the methods used by the Japanese army to subdue the larger Chinese population of Nanking, as described in "Six Weeks of Terror."
6. According to Chang at the end of "The Nanking Safety Zone," what is chilling about the number of refugees in the Nanking Safety Zone?
7. Briefly describe Wilhelmina (Minnie) Vautrin's role in the Nanking Safety Zone.
8. What are the responses of Japan and China when Nanking falls, as described by William Kirby in the Foreword?
9. What does the author accomplish by referring to Nanking as a "forgotten Holocaust," according to Kirby?
10. What was Japan's isolationist foreign policy intended to accomplish, and in what ways did that policy backfire?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare and contrast the ways in which the events in Nanking differ from a "normal" wartime occupation. How was the focus different in Nanking? In what ways does the Rape of Nanking seem more horrific than other occupations, and why? How were the rules seemingly different in this case?
Essay Topic 2
Discuss and analyze the Japanese propaganda to the world in general and the population of Nanking in particular during the occupation. Include supporting material from the text.
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the social and economic factors that enabled Japan to begin feeling as though it were the victim of an international conspiracy in the years prior to Japan's attempt to conquer China. How are the factors interlinked? Was there something to Japan's feeling that it was being picked on by the international community, or were they looking for an excuse to be upset with the rest of the world? Was the international community being fair or unfair toward Japan?
This section contains 1,125 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)