The Rape of Nanking Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Iris Chang
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Looting in the Safety Zone makes food so scarce that refugees are forced to eat all BUT WHICH of the following?

2. According to the Introduction, Africans believe World War II began in which year?

3. When does the author first learn about the Rape of Nanking?

4. What motto sums up the mindset that Japanese cadets were taught to adopt?

5. After Nanking falls, how many people are housed in the Safety Zone?

Short Essay Questions

1. As the Japanese army begins mass executions in Nanking, what becomes their most pressing problem, and how do they resolve it?

2. In "Six Weeks of Horror," why do the Chinese civilians in Nanking initially believe that the Japanese occupation may not be so bad?

3. Describe how Tang Shunsan was able to survive his encounter with Japanese soldiers.

4. What was the relationship between Chiang Kai-shek and Tang Sheng-chih at the time of the Nanking invasion?

5. What are the responses of Japan and China when Nanking falls, as described by William Kirby in the Foreword?

6. According to Kirby, what haunts Chinese-Japanese relations today, and why?

7. Japan occupied Nanking for eight years and set up a government of Chinese collaborators. What was that government NOT able to accomplish during those eight years?

8. Briefly explain the twentieth-century Japanese cultural identity, as detailed in "The Path to Nanking."

9. What was Japan's isolationist foreign policy intended to accomplish, and in what ways did that policy backfire?

10. According to the Introduction, in what two ways was Japan's mindset as it set out to conquer neighboring nations similar to the way Nazi Germany's mindset would be a few years later? How are the two tactics related?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In most successful wars and occupations, the master-race theme is often present. Japan used the master-race mentality to justify its occupation of China, just as Nazi Germany used the master-race idea to justify its crimes against Jews, gypsies, and other political "undesirables." Why is this mindset important in Nanking? What does it accomplish? How might Japan's occupation of Nanking have been different if Japanese soldiers did NOT view themselves as more worthy than the Chinese civilians?

Essay Topic 2

Emperor Hirohito and his family were granted immunity for all wartime actions in exchange for Japan's surrender. In a well-developed essay, discuss whether or not this action was justified. Use supporting material from the text to analyze how much the emperor knew of the events in Nanking, and to what extent other members of the imperial family should or should not have been held accountable.

Essay Topic 3

Compare and contrast the factors and events after the Rape of Nanking that allowed this event to be buried for so long. Include the perspectives of China, Japan, and the United States and the reasons each country may have had to ignore this tragedy.

(see the answer keys)

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