|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The Foreword states that the occupation of Nanking was supposed to be a turning point for the Japanese in the struggle against which leader's armies?
2. After Nanking falls, how many people are housed in the Safety Zone?
3. All BUT WHICH of the following groups of citizens remain in Nanking after the soldiers leave the city?
4. On what date does the commander who is left in charge of Nanking receive orders from the leader of the Nationalists to abandon the city?
5. What is the name of the ship on which most foreign diplomats leave Nanking right before it falls to the Japanese?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the broad time line and details of the Rape of Nanking as outlined in the Introduction.
2. As discussed in "Six Weeks of Horror," why will the world never fully understand the psychic toll taken on the women of Nanking, despite best efforts to accurately count the number of rapes?
3. According to the Introduction, in what two ways was Japan's mindset as it set out to conquer neighboring nations similar to the way Nazi Germany's mindset would be a few years later? How are the two tactics related?
4. In what way can we now think of Nanking as a different sort of turning point, according to Kirby?
5. Japan occupied Nanking for eight years and set up a government of Chinese collaborators. What was that government NOT able to accomplish during those eight years?
6. What does the author accomplish by referring to Nanking as a "forgotten Holocaust," according to Kirby?
7. In "Six Weeks of Horror," why do the Chinese civilians in Nanking initially believe that the Japanese occupation may not be so bad?
8. Describe how Tang Shunsan was able to survive his encounter with Japanese soldiers.
9. Describe the attitude of Lieutenant Colonel Hashimoto Kingoro about Japan's future in his book, quoted in "The Path to Nanking."
10. What was Japan's isolationist foreign policy intended to accomplish, and in what ways did that policy backfire?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare and contrast the ways in which the events in Nanking differ from a "normal" wartime occupation. How was the focus different in Nanking? In what ways does the Rape of Nanking seem more horrific than other occupations, and why? How were the rules seemingly different in this case?
Essay Topic 2
Discuss and analyze the Japanese propaganda to the world in general and the population of Nanking in particular during the occupation. Include supporting material from the text.
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the various responses of the Chinese women in Nanking to the widespread rapes committed by Japanese soldiers. Why did so few women fight back? Be sure to include the responses of the women who found themselves pregnant afterward, and also include supporting material from the text.
This section contains 1,147 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)