|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In his book, Lieutenant Colonel Hashimoto Kingoro wrote that Japan could escape the pressures of surplus population in all BUT WHICH of the following ways?
2. Kirby mentions in the Foreword that the Rape of Nanking accomplished what in the eyes of the world?
3. The fall of Shanghai is a particularly hard blow to the leader of the Nationalists. Who is he?
4. What does the Japanese government do in response to the mass rape committed by soldiers in Nanking?
5. Ms. Chang informs the reader that the Rape of Nanking is told from all BUT WHICH of the following points of view?
Short Essay Questions
1. As discussed in "Six Weeks of Horror," why will the world never fully understand the psychic toll taken on the women of Nanking, despite best efforts to accurately count the number of rapes?
2. What was the relationship between Chiang Kai-shek and Tang Sheng-chih at the time of the Nanking invasion?
3. In "Six Weeks of Horror," why do the Chinese civilians in Nanking initially believe that the Japanese occupation may not be so bad?
4. As the Japanese army begins mass executions in Nanking, what becomes their most pressing problem, and how do they resolve it?
5. Briefly describe the five methods of torture used by the Japanese soldiers in their attempt to exterminate the population of Nanking.
6. According to Chang at the end of "The Nanking Safety Zone," what is chilling about the number of refugees in the Nanking Safety Zone?
7. Describe Matsui Iwane's reaction to the events in Nanking after he was once again well enough to take command of the soldiers.
8. Describe the preparations the Chinese government ordered the citizens to undertake in order to prepare for possible invasions after the fall of Shanghai.
9. As discussed in "The Fall of Nanking," what are the reasons historians have found for why Nanking fell in four days with so many Chinese soldiers present to defend the city?
10. What reasons does Chang give in the Introduction as to why the Rape of Nanking is not as well known as the Holocaust or other tragic events?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the decision by the Chinese government to pull out of Nanking and the subsequent actions in the suburbs of the city. What reasons might the government have had for pulling out of Nanking? What steps did the government abandonment enable the Chinese military to take that they might not otherwise have been able to take?
Essay Topic 2
Emperor Hirohito and his family were granted immunity for all wartime actions in exchange for Japan's surrender. In a well-developed essay, discuss whether or not this action was justified. Use supporting material from the text to analyze how much the emperor knew of the events in Nanking, and to what extent other members of the imperial family should or should not have been held accountable.
Essay Topic 3
The United States and other countries stepped in to put an end to Hitler's Holocaust, yet no such attempt was made to stop the atrocities in Nanking. In a well-developed essay, discuss the reasons why the world community largely stayed out of the events in Nanking, though reports of what was going on were widespread. In addition, discuss what responsibility the world has to intervene when incidents such as Nanking occur.
This section contains 1,275 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)