The Rape of Nanking Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Iris Chang
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. A historian at the Jiangsu Academy of Social Sciences has compiled the most accurate estimate of how many were killed in Nanking. What figure has he reached?

2. When the Nanking Safety Zone is initially set up, how long does the International Committee intend for it to be open?

3. The Rape of Nanking was kept quiet by all BUT WHICH of the following countries?

4. What is the name of the ship on which most foreign diplomats leave Nanking right before it falls to the Japanese?

5. By which decade does the author state in "The Path to Nanking" that Japan had launched an undeclared war on China?

Short Essay Questions

1. As the Japanese army begins mass executions in Nanking, what becomes their most pressing problem, and how do they resolve it?

2. What was the relationship between Chiang Kai-shek and Tang Sheng-chih at the time of the Nanking invasion?

3. In the Foreword, what does Kirby say was unique about the Rape of Nanking in regards to the way it was carried out?

4. According to Chang at the end of "The Nanking Safety Zone," what is chilling about the number of refugees in the Nanking Safety Zone?

5. Describe the biological warfare used by the Japanese in an attempt to exterminate Chinese civilians.

6. Describe Nanking's economic situation after the massacre.

7. Describe Matsui Iwane's reaction to the events in Nanking after he was once again well enough to take command of the soldiers.

8. In "Six Weeks of Horror," why do the Chinese civilians in Nanking initially believe that the Japanese occupation may not be so bad?

9. Today, the Japanese government takes the position that any wartime reparation issues were dealt with in the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1952. Why is this position erroneous?

10. Briefly describe Wilhelmina (Minnie) Vautrin's role in the Nanking Safety Zone.

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Discuss the process by which Japanese soldiers learned to view the Chinese as less than human. At what point did this conditioning begin, and what cultural factors enabled it to be so successful?

Essay Topic 2

Given Matsui's absence during most of the atrocities during the first several weeks of the occupation, historians have long been puzzled by his willingness to take complete blame for the Rape of Nanking. Discuss three possible reasons for Matsui's behavior. Include historical research and supporting material from the text.

Essay Topic 3

Discuss the various responses of the Chinese women in Nanking to the widespread rapes committed by Japanese soldiers. Why did so few women fight back? Be sure to include the responses of the women who found themselves pregnant afterward, and also include supporting material from the text.

(see the answer keys)

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