|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. On December 13, 1937, Japanese soldiers are ordered to execute all Chinese prisoners of war for all BUT WHICH of the following reasons?
2. Who is the Japanese imperial army major who writes a report of confession while awaiting trial for his crimes?
3. In "The Fall of Nanking," how many divisions does the commander in charge of Nanking give authority to cross the Yangtze River?
4. For how many years does the conflict between China and Japan last?
5. Kirby states that all BUT WHICH of Japan's following actions took place in stark contrast to conventional rules of warfare?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the broad time line and details of the Rape of Nanking as outlined in the Introduction.
2. In "Six Weeks of Horror," why do the Chinese civilians in Nanking initially believe that the Japanese occupation may not be so bad?
3. As discussed in "The Fall of Nanking," what are the reasons historians have found for why Nanking fell in four days with so many Chinese soldiers present to defend the city?
4. Describe the preparations the Chinese government ordered the citizens to undertake in order to prepare for possible invasions after the fall of Shanghai.
5. What are the responses of Japan and China when Nanking falls, as described by William Kirby in the Foreword?
6. Describe the methods used by the Japanese army to subdue the larger Chinese population of Nanking, as described in "Six Weeks of Terror."
7. In the Foreword, what does Kirby say was unique about the Rape of Nanking in regards to the way it was carried out?
8. What was Japan's isolationist foreign policy intended to accomplish, and in what ways did that policy backfire?
9. Briefly describe the three different occupations of Nanking.
10. Briefly describe John Rabe's role in the Nanking Safety Zone.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the social and economic factors that enabled Japan to begin feeling as though it were the victim of an international conspiracy in the years prior to Japan's attempt to conquer China. How are the factors interlinked? Was there something to Japan's feeling that it was being picked on by the international community, or were they looking for an excuse to be upset with the rest of the world? Was the international community being fair or unfair toward Japan?
Essay Topic 2
Compare and contrast the historical vision of Nanking with the version seen after the Japanese occupation. What major changes could be noticed? How had the population changed? How had the focus of the city changed?
Essay Topic 3
Discuss and analyze the Japanese propaganda to the world in general and the population of Nanking in particular during the occupation. Include supporting material from the text.
This section contains 1,107 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)