|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In comparison to Germany, what percentage of war reparations has Japan paid the victims of Nanking?
2. In "The Path to Nanking," the author states that the Japanese Samurai code of conduct is called what?
3. Which Chinese city is known as "the Venice of China" and is completely devastated by the Japanese army?
4. In the 12th Century, the Samurai became firmly established by which powerful Japanese family?
5. The fall of Shanghai is a particularly hard blow to the leader of the Nationalists. Who is he?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does the author accomplish by referring to Nanking as a "forgotten Holocaust," according to Kirby?
2. Briefly describe the five methods of torture used by the Japanese soldiers in their attempt to exterminate the population of Nanking.
3. As discussed in "Six Weeks of Horror," why will the world never fully understand the psychic toll taken on the women of Nanking, despite best efforts to accurately count the number of rapes?
4. Japan occupied Nanking for eight years and set up a government of Chinese collaborators. What was that government NOT able to accomplish during those eight years?
5. What factors contribute to the end of Japan's golden era of prosperity, as discussed in "The Path to Nanking"?
6. Chang states in the Introduction that the Rape of Nanking surpasses many of the world's most barbaric events. To which events does she refer, and why was Nanking worse?
7. What was Japan's isolationist foreign policy intended to accomplish, and in what ways did that policy backfire?
8. Describe the methods used by the Japanese army to subdue the larger Chinese population of Nanking, as described in "Six Weeks of Terror."
9. Describe the process by which new Japanese soldiers were desensitized.
10. Briefly describe Wilhelmina (Minnie) Vautrin's role in the Nanking Safety Zone.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare and contrast the ways in which the events in Nanking differ from a "normal" wartime occupation. How was the focus different in Nanking? In what ways does the Rape of Nanking seem more horrific than other occupations, and why? How were the rules seemingly different in this case?
Essay Topic 2
In most successful wars and occupations, the master-race theme is often present. Japan used the master-race mentality to justify its occupation of China, just as Nazi Germany used the master-race idea to justify its crimes against Jews, gypsies, and other political "undesirables." Why is this mindset important in Nanking? What does it accomplish? How might Japan's occupation of Nanking have been different if Japanese soldiers did NOT view themselves as more worthy than the Chinese civilians?
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the Japanese views on surrender and the Chinese views on it as discussed in Chapter 2. In what ways are the two cultures different in their approaches, and what cultural factors contribute to these differences?
This section contains 1,096 words
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