The Rape of Nanking Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Iris Chang
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. In 1938, Foreign Minister Hirota Koki sends a message indicating that, a month after the massacre, the Japanese believe the Nanking death total to be what number?

2. In comparison to Germany, what percentage of war reparations has Japan paid the victims of Nanking?

3. Looting in the Safety Zone makes food so scarce that refugees are forced to eat all BUT WHICH of the following?

4. What nationality is John Rabe?

5. How many women does Chang say are raped during the Japanese occupation of Nanking?

Short Essay Questions

1. Describe what happened to Azuma Shiro, as discussed in "The Forgotten Holocaust."

2. What is the US response to the attack on the USS Panay?

3. According to Chang at the end of "The Nanking Safety Zone," what is chilling about the number of refugees in the Nanking Safety Zone?

4. Describe the preparations the Chinese government ordered the citizens to undertake in order to prepare for possible invasions after the fall of Shanghai.

5. What factors contribute to the end of Japan's golden era of prosperity, as discussed in "The Path to Nanking"?

6. Describe the postwar differences between Japan and Germany that have allowed the Rape of Nanking to go largely unnoticed while the Holocaust is acknowledged world wide.

7. According to "Judgment Day," the IMTFE tribunals uncovered crimes outside Nanking. Describe the information gained during the trials about Japanese atrocities.

8. Today, the Japanese government takes the position that any wartime reparation issues were dealt with in the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1952. Why is this position erroneous?

9. When news of the atrocities in Nanking finally begin to be published in American magazines, what is the initial public response?

10. Briefly explain the twentieth-century Japanese cultural identity, as detailed in "The Path to Nanking."

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In most successful wars and occupations, the master-race theme is often present. Japan used the master-race mentality to justify its occupation of China, just as Nazi Germany used the master-race idea to justify its crimes against Jews, gypsies, and other political "undesirables." Why is this mindset important in Nanking? What does it accomplish? How might Japan's occupation of Nanking have been different if Japanese soldiers did NOT view themselves as more worthy than the Chinese civilians?

Essay Topic 2

Compare and contrast the factors and events after the Rape of Nanking that allowed this event to be buried for so long. Include the perspectives of China, Japan, and the United States and the reasons each country may have had to ignore this tragedy.

Essay Topic 3

The United States and other countries stepped in to put an end to Hitler's Holocaust, yet no such attempt was made to stop the atrocities in Nanking. In a well-developed essay, discuss the reasons why the world community largely stayed out of the events in Nanking, though reports of what was going on were widespread. In addition, discuss what responsibility the world has to intervene when incidents such as Nanking occur.

(see the answer keys)

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