|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does the author claim that sitting meditation cultivates?
(a) Freedom from emotion.
(b) Body aches.
2. What is the traditional aspiration used in formal maitri training?
(a) "There are no problems that I must solve."
(b) "May I and others enjoy happiness and the root of happiness."
(c) "May I create joy in my own life, and rejoice in the happiness that I see in the lives of others."
(d) "My life and my joy is my responsibility."
3. Who taught that there are three principal characteristics of human existence?
(c) Martin Luther King.
(d) Mother Teresa.
4. Which of the following does the author warn that meditation can become when meditation practitioners do not pay attention to their negative emotions?
(d) Wasted time.
5. What is the second of the three lords of materialism?
(a) The lord of work.
(b) The lord of speech.
(c) The lord of competition.
(d) The lord of greed.
6. What helps teach us the four qualities of maitri?
(b) Sitting meditation.
(d) Lessons from our past experience.
7. What is the fifth step in the formal practice of maitri?
(a) Engendering kindness for our enemies.
(b) Teaching others about the process.
(c) Going from a sitting to standing position.
(d) Breathing deeply.
8. What does Chodron warn that we become habituated to doing?
(a) "Losing ourselves more and more, not even as we consider ourselves separate from others, but because we do this."
(b) "By trying to please others, we can gain relief from the pressures we create for ourselves, but become so used to it that we lose our sense of what we want in life."
(c) "As we look for comfort, we slowly slip into addictive behaviors that can destroy our lives."
(d) "Reaching for something to ease the edginess of the moment."
9. What is the final step of the formal practice of maitri?
(a) Listening to our heart in total silence.
(b) Expanding our loving kindness to all others.
(c) Teaching others what we have learned.
(d) Understanding that our own perspective is limited.
10. How do we begin to practice the four limitless qualities?
(a) We begin by wishing happiness for ourselves and our close circle, gradually widening the circle.
(b) We must believe in our own potential, and we may begin by creating a slogan that states what we want to embody.
(c) We try to love ourselves by making sure we are as comfortable as possible, and then try to help others be comfortable as well.
(d) We study the holy books with our spiritual teachers, and once we understand these qualities, we begin to meditate on them.
11. How many stages does the formal practice of maitri have?
12. What are the three characteristics of human existence?
(a) Mediocrity, disinterest, and distraction.
(b) Impermanence, egolessness, and suffering.
(c) Change, adaptation, and unsatisfied expectations.
(d) Love, hope, and peace.
13. How does the author claim that aspirations and affirmations differ?
(a) Chodron writes that in one we try to convince ourselves of something, and in the other we aim to open our hearts.
(b) Chodron argues that affirmations and aspirations can be used interchangeably in meditation.
(c) Chodron claims that aspirations have long been used by Buddhists, but affiirmations have been scientifically studied and documented more.
(d) Chodron claims that they are not different.
14. What does the author recommend that we do with our sorrow?
(a) Sit with it.
(b) Fully focus on it in order to verbalize it.
(c) Master it in order to eliminate it.
(d) Try to change it.
15. What do vajrayana Buddhists claim is inherent in emotion?
(c) The seeds of self-growth.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does the author argue that we do to sow the seeds of our own suffering?
2. What does the author call "those who train wholeheartedly in awakening unconditional and relative bodhichitta"?
3. What is Maitri?
4. What does Chodron believe that the teaching of the three marks of existence can motivate us to do?
5. What did the nineteenth century yogi Patrul Rinpiche suggest we do to train in compassion?
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