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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Hegel define the self at the higher level of consciousness?
2. How does Hegel describe each action?
3. What does Spirit represent for the Mind according to Hegel?
4. When does the complete spiritual being begin to function in the world according to Hegel?
5. How does Hegel see self-division in an entity?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Hegel define duty?
2. What is the two-fold function of Spirit, in Hegel's philosophy?
3. How does Hegel account for self-conflict as an opportunity for the self?
4. According to Hegel, how is duty related to action?
5. According to Hegel, what do artists and tool makers have in common?
6. In Hegel's philosophy, what is the difference between conscience and the moral self-consciousness?
7. What does Hegel mean by saying that every action is divisive?
8. In what way or under what conditions can self-consciousness itself be moral in Hegel's view?
9. In what way does Hegel say that humans can continue to progress beyond Absolute Knowledge?
10. How is the Divine Being revealed, in Hegel's philosophy?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In the midst of his discussion of spirit and individuality, Hegel detours into a chapter on property and no property, and even describes communism as an ideal social system for distributing goods. What is the role of this social planning impulse throughout the rest of Phenomenology of Spirit? Is Hegel urging socio-political changes, or is he talking abstractly, or metaphorically, of the soul? How political is Hegel?
Essay Topic 2
What is Hegel's relationship with art? What is his ideal artistic form, or is life itself an artistic form for the Absolute Spirit?
Essay Topic 3
What further development stages can the soul undertake to experience, after it becomes an Absolute Spirit, in Hegel's terms? Put another way, what kinds of experience does Hegel leave out of "Phenomenology of Spirit"? Are there mystical or otherwise devout experiences he does not include?
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