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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Hegel call a kind of diffusing selfless Self?
2. What is the "beautiful soul's" relationship with morality according to Hegel?
3. According to Hegel, what does each action lead to?
4. According to Hegel, what is there in common between tool making and the work of art?
5. What was Hegel's dread of death influenced by?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Hegel define duty?
2. According to Hegel's philosophy, what is the individual's relationship with society, in terms of the development of ethical behavior?
3. In what way or under what conditions can self-consciousness itself be moral in Hegel's view?
4. How is the Divine Being revealed, in Hegel's philosophy?
5. How do light and dark function in natural religion, in Hegel's view?
6. How does Hegel define self-estrangement?
7. In what way does Hegel say that humans can continue to progress beyond Absolute Knowledge?
8. How does Hegel describe the Absolute Spirit?
9. According to Hegel, how is duty related to action?
10. What is the two-fold function of Spirit, in Hegel's philosophy?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Hegel uses anatomical metaphors to express his theories, such as his comparison of Sensibility to the nervous system, or Reproduction to the intestinal system. What is the role of the body in Hegel's philosophy, and are his metaphors meant to invoke the body as a constant presence behind Hegel's discussion of Reason and the development of the self-consciousness, or are they merely explanatory metaphors?
Essay Topic 2
In the midst of his discussion of spirit and individuality, Hegel detours into a chapter on property and no property, and even describes communism as an ideal social system for distributing goods. What is the role of this social planning impulse throughout the rest of Phenomenology of Spirit? Is Hegel urging socio-political changes, or is he talking abstractly, or metaphorically, of the soul? How political is Hegel?
Essay Topic 3
Describe and analyze Hegel's ideas concerning the characteristic tensions and conflicts as the individual is transformed from organic nature to Absolute Knowledge, and discuss the process by which the Spirit develops.
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