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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Hegel, how can absolute freedom be expressed?
2. How does Virtue manifest Reason in a society according to Hegel?
3. The spirit that creates artwork also creates what else according to Hegel?
4. What happens when Spirit turns back on itself according to Hegel?
5. Where does universality have its reality according to Hegel?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the contradiction that governs the self's relationship with morality, in Hegel's view?
2. In what way does Hegel say that humans can continue to progress beyond Absolute Knowledge?
3. How does Hegel define moments?
4. How does Hegel account for self-conflict as an opportunity for the self?
5. How does Hegel define the artificer?
6. According to Hegel, what effect does the awareness of death have on the self?
7. How do light and dark function in natural religion, in Hegel's view?
8. What is enlightenment and what are its consequences according to Hegel?
9. What does Hegel mean by saying that every action is divisive?
10. According to Hegel's philosophy, what is the individual's relationship with society, in terms of the development of ethical behavior?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Describe and analyze Hegel's ideas concerning the characteristic tensions and conflicts as the individual is transformed from organic nature to Absolute Knowledge, and discuss the process by which the Spirit develops.
Essay Topic 2
In the midst of his discussion of spirit and individuality, Hegel detours into a chapter on property and no property, and even describes communism as an ideal social system for distributing goods. What is the role of this social planning impulse throughout the rest of Phenomenology of Spirit? Is Hegel urging socio-political changes, or is he talking abstractly, or metaphorically, of the soul? How political is Hegel?
Essay Topic 3
What is the role of conflict in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit? Is there an alternative by which the individual can develop without experiencing conflict? Hegel describes the experience of the world as a sad and unhappy experience for most people. Under what conditions and within what limitations is happiness possible? Is happiness reconcilable with conflict?
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