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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Hegel define a law?
2. How do objects achieve identity according to Hegel?
3. What were both phrenology and cranioscopy looking for?
4. To what does the term "sensibility" apply according to Hegel?
5. What is humanity's tendency according to Hegel?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Hegel define "sensibility"?
2. What are the components of a "concrete individuality" in Hegel's terminology?
3. What does "concrete" mean in Hegel's terminology?
4. What is the difference between "theoretical reason" and "practical reason" in Hegel's terminology?
5. How does Hegel define hedonism?
6. How does Hegel define the relationship between the lord and the servant?
7. In Hegel's philosophy, what relationship do the sciences--particularly phrenology and craniology--have to do with truth?
8. How does Hegel define force?
9. What are the two meanings Hegel gives to the term "independent self-consciousness"?
10. How, in Hegel's view, does the self become aware of the contradiction of selfhood?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
How did Hegel revise the philosophies of the philosophers who influenced him? How did his philosophy turn the developing Romantic movement? What effect did Hegel's philosophy have on the philosophy that came before it? Was it an evolution, a repudiation, an organic growth?
Essay Topic 2
In the midst of his discussion of spirit and individuality, Hegel detours into a chapter on property and no property, and even describes communism as an ideal social system for distributing goods. What is the role of this social planning impulse throughout the rest of Phenomenology of Spirit? Is Hegel urging socio-political changes, or is he talking abstractly, or metaphorically, of the soul? How political is Hegel?
Essay Topic 3
How does Hegel's philosophy change in modern times with modern technology? With an argument based in Hegel's text, say whether the Phenomenology of Spirit needs to be updated because of modernity's developments, either in technology or politics or warfare or the arts or culture.
This section contains 820 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)