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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did cranioscopy examine?
2. How else do the inner and outer relate, besides being opposites according to Hegel?
3. What does Hegel include in the limitations of laws?
4. How does Hegel describe observation?
5. What is the contradiction at the heart of absolute reality according to Hegel?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Hegel define force?
2. What are the two meanings Hegel gives to the term "independent self-consciousness"?
3. What are the stages by which the conscious mind develops, in Hegel's terminology?
4. Where do laws come from in Hegel's philosophy?
5. In Hegel's philosophy, what relationship do the sciences--particularly phrenology and craniology--have to do with truth?
6. What are the components of a "concrete individuality" in Hegel's terminology?
7. What is the relationship of freedom and fate in Hegel's terminology?
8. How are notions and reality related according to Hegel's philosophy?
9. What is the difference between a person and an animal in Hegel's philosophy?
10. What does "concrete" mean in Hegel's terminology?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Hegel invokes the pre-Christian Greek cults as examples of the religious life he imagines. Is his religion pagan or "civilized"? Natural or urban? What values is he returning to by invoking the Greeks? What Christian practices is he discarding?
Essay Topic 2
According to Hegel, in what ways are internal reality and external reality correlated? Analyze the distinction between internal and external reality and describe the correlations that unify them at each stage of Spirit's development? Are they ever completely unified? Are they ever completely separate?
Essay Topic 3
In the midst of his discussion of spirit and individuality, Hegel detours into a chapter on property and no property, and even describes communism as an ideal social system for distributing goods. What is the role of this social planning impulse throughout the rest of Phenomenology of Spirit? Is Hegel urging socio-political changes, or is he talking abstractly, or metaphorically, of the soul? How political is Hegel?
This section contains 937 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)