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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What were both phrenology and cranioscopy looking for?
2. What did cranioscopy examine?
3. What is the relationship between phrenology, physiognomy, and cranioscopy according to Hegel?
4. What are the elements in Hegel's account?
5. What does a man gain by doing good work in Hegel's view?
Short Essay Questions
1. What qualities does an "organic entity" have according to Hegel?
2. What does a consciousness require in order to use observation at the level of Reason according to Hegel's philosophy?
3. What is the difference between "theoretical reason" and "practical reason" in Hegel's terminology?
4. How are notions and reality related according to Hegel's philosophy?
5. What is the relationship of freedom and fate in Hegel's terminology?
6. How does Hegel define determinateness?
7. How does Hegel define hedonism?
8. What is the "conceit of individuality" and what force counters it according to Hegel's philosophy?
9. What obstacle is there, in Hegel's terminology, to an individual following the law of the heart?
10. What was the relationship between philosophy and science in Hegel's time?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Write an evaluative review of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. Where is the book most itself? Where is it unresolved, or riven with internal tensions? How are those tensions contained? What are the forces that are trying to pull Phenomenology of Spirit apart?
Essay Topic 2
According to Hegel, in what ways are internal reality and external reality correlated? Analyze the distinction between internal and external reality and describe the correlations that unify them at each stage of Spirit's development? Are they ever completely unified? Are they ever completely separate?
Essay Topic 3
How did Hegel revise the philosophies of the philosophers who influenced him? How did his philosophy turn the developing Romantic movement? What effect did Hegel's philosophy have on the philosophy that came before it? Was it an evolution, a repudiation, an organic growth?
This section contains 780 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)