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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How else do the inner and outer relate, besides being opposites according to Hegel?
(a) The outer is also dependent on the inner.
(b) They are also mutually dependent.
(c) The inner is also dependent on the outer.
(d) They are also complementary.
2. According to Hegel, what are the mind's two relations to reality?
(a) History and concepts.
(b) Thinking and biology.
(c) Spirit and heart.
(d) Reason and physiology.
3. According to Hegel, why is the self unhappy?
(a) Because it will always be torn between the present contingency and infant perfection.
(b) Because it can imagine fulfillment but never know it completely.
(c) Because it can never contact its unconscious sources.
(d) Because it can imagine eternity, but has to die.
4. What is it that expresses both the individual and inner reality, in Hegel's view?
(b) Physical form.
(c) Conflict within the self.
5. What rejection does the uniqueness of a self require according to Hegel?
(a) Rejection of the other.
(b) Rejection of the abstract.
(c) Rejection of the past.
(d) Rejection of the eternal.
6. According to Hegel, how does the animal fulfill its purpose?
(a) By living.
(b) By attaining consciousness.
(c) By reconciling its self with reality.
(d) By attaining reflection.
7. What is a pre-condition to Reason according to Hegel?
(a) Stable self-certainty.
(b) Stable sources of food and shelter.
(c) Transcendent self-awareness.
(d) Double consciousness.
8. What school of thought influenced Hegel's writing?
9. According to Hegel, what must an individual conquer in order to manifest consciousness and individuality?
(a) The individual must conquer the animal nature within themselves.
(b) The individual must conquer necessity and the inevitability of his responses.
(c) The individual must conquer the society itself.
(d) The individual must conquer the part of themselves that runs counter to what society needs.
10. What else does Reason require in Hegel's philosophy?
(a) A degree of monomania.
(b) Doubt as to the nature of the self and the world.
(c) The self-evidence of the self and the world.
(d) An acceptable myth describing the nature of self and world.
11. Hegel writes that the divisive power of the mind allows the self to define itself relative to what?
(a) The family.
(b) The individual's past.
(c) The external universe.
(d) The self.
12. What is the reason of observation conjoined with, according to the translator?
(a) Self reconciliation.
(b) Self-consciousness and reflection.
(c) Knowledge and science.
(d) Scientific knowledge.
13. How does Hegel describe reason?
(a) As a stage of mind.
(b) As evidence of the divine.
(c) As an evolutionary benefit.
(d) As uniquely human.
14. In Hegel's philosophy, what is the first stage in the development of the conscious mind?
(a) Universal heart is discovered through individual heart.
(b) Individual heart is recognized by self-consciousness.
(c) The sense of the uniqueness of the heart falls away.
(d) Forces that contradict the individual's feelings occur.
15. What are the elements in Hegel's account?
(a) The fundamental emotions, anger, desire, pity.
(b) Earth, fire, water, air.
(c) The sun, moon and stars.
(d) The conditions of archaic existence.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Hegel describe the self?
2. What does Hegel say is the goal of individual self-consciousness?
3. What becomes clear as the future becomes the past, according to Hegel?
4. What does Hegel explain in the introduction of The Phenomenology of Mind?
5. What does Hegel say is ultimately impossible for a human?
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