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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the relationship between phrenology, physiognomy, and cranioscopy according to Hegel?
(a) They all represent sciences that have evolved closer to conciousness.
(b) They are all evidence of different kinds of scientific thinking.
(c) They all address the problem of embodiment of self-consciousness.
(d) They are all forms of self-measurement and self-reflection.
2. What is the contradiction at the heart of absolute reality according to Hegel?
(a) It is real but it is also a myth that is propagated in philosophy.
(b) The individual learns about existence from individual existence and also from external reality.
(c) Literacy and printing presses have made experiences transferable to people have not had the experience themselves.
(d) The individual intuits the existence of life beyond himself but can never know anything except through direct perception.
3. According to Hegel's philosophy, independent self-consciousness is both an aspect of concrete individuality and what else?
(a) Self-reflection as the process of expressing the self.
(b) Thinghood insofar as the self is an object of knowledge.
(c) Scientific consciousness.
4. According to Hegel, how does the truth of concrete individuals manifest?
(a) It manifests in action.
(b) It manifests in self-conflict.
(c) It manifests in every decision.
(d) If manifests without any doubt.
5. Why does Hegel say that the relationship with the bondsman is not fulfilling for the lord?
(a) Because of the drive to power.
(b) Because of the imp of the perverse.
(c) Because of the nostalgia for pre-lapsarian consciousness.
(d) Because of a self-contained counter effect.
6. What does Hegel say is impossible in animal life?
(a) Purposeless behavior.
7. What does Hegel recommend for people who conflict with their times and culture?
8. In Hegel's philosophy, what does the self want instead of the good and the true?
(a) To follow its own law.
(b) The self wants to be dominated by more powerful forces.
(c) Freedom to follow its desires.
(d) To know truth in universal terms.
9. What is meant by Hegel's term "practical reason"?
(a) Ideas that result in happiness.
(b) Instinctual reactions.
(c) Rational actions.
(d) Universal truths.
10. What becomes clear as the future becomes the past, according to Hegel?
(a) How fate operates in every detail.
(b) How certain events were inevitable.
(c) How free men are in their decisions.
(d) How free will is an illusion.
11. What else must an individual conquer in order to manifest individuality according to Hegel?
(a) The conceit of individuality.
(b) Organic consciousness.
(c) Artistic form of individual expression.
(d) Histoical situatedness.
12. What is humanity's tendency according to Hegel?
(a) To be driven by desire.
(b) To evolve toward the spirit.
(c) To follow the heart.
(d) To create the will through work.
13. What does consciousness rest on in Hegel's account?
14. How does Hegel describe force?
(a) Force is an attempt to transfer understanding.
(b) Force is an eternal power in the world.
(c) Force is a human power to be used against nature.
(d) Force is impersonal, natural, and divine.
15. According to Hegel, action turns the external world into an arena where what can come into being?
(a) External reality.
(b) Inner truth.
(d) Historical consciousness.
Short Answer Questions
1. What causes the formation of laws according to Hegel?
2. What human trait does Hegel say is not found in animals?
3. According to Hegel, why is even a killer dissatisfied with the self-certainty that comes from killing another person?
4. How does Hegel describe Necessity?
5. What does Hegel say the meaning of life is for every individual?
This section contains 682 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)