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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many years does it take to build the locks?
2. The Hay-Banau-Varilla Treaty resembles Hay-Herran in wording, but expands the width of the Canal Zone to how many miles?
3. Crews respond by competing how to top the published excavation statistics?
4. What three men is the lock design and engineering largely the work of?
5. George W. Goethals starts a weekly newspaper, the Canal Record, for what purpose?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is historically significant for Panama about January 15, 1904?
2. What is it about May 4, 1904, that makes it a significant date in the history of the Canal Zone?
3. Why is Colonel William Crawford Gorgas sent to Panama?
4. What takes place in early 1907 that seals John Stevens' fate as chief engineer?
5. What are some of the critical points of the Hay- Herran Treaty ratified by the Senate 73-5 on March 17, 1903?
6. What critical event can be associated with Theodore Roosevelt and the date of January 4, 1904?
7. What is the focus of attention from 1907-1913?
8. What does George Washington Goethals do after the canal is completed?
9. On what issue in the Canal Zone does Theodore Roosevelt place his utmost priority?
10. What is occurring during the initial stage of U.S. efforts in Panama that culminates in a 1905 event?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Ferdinand de Lesseps was successful in getting the Suez Canal completed in ten years. Why was Compagnie Universelle attempt in the Panama a failure? What factors that he has control over does he fail to address? What matters are out of his hands? Hindsight is 20/20, but what should he have done differently? Was there any way for de Lesseps to pull Panama off successfully?
Essay Topic 2
In 1884, at age 26, Phillippe Banau-Varilla is put in charge of operations at the Culebra and Pacific end of the Panama Canal. When the director general and his assistant resign, Banau-Varilla becomes acting head of the Panama project until 1886. Why do they place so young an individual in such important leadership positions? What education and experience does he have? How well is he able to perform? What happens when a permanent director general arrives? Where does Banau-Varilla go?
Essay Topic 3
Sentiment as to where to put an American canal is overwhelmingly one-sided favoring Nicaragua, until Phillippe Banau-Varilla and William Nelson Cromwell emerge on behalf of the "Panama Lobby." Comparing and contrasting the two, how are they similar and how are they different? Do they work well together, or function better separately? Who is the most effective in getting things accomplished? Do they work in a straightforward fashion toward legitimately achieving their goals or not? What is the approach each takes toward accomplishing a task?
This section contains 1,119 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)