|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the fall of 1902 as discussions of Canal Zone sovereignty reach a critical point, civil war erupts on the Isthmus and Theodore Roosevelt takes what action?
2. In a 1911 University of California Berkeley speech, former President Theodore Roosevelt gets laughs and applause when he maintains what?
3. Who outmaneuvers the Panamanians into giving the U.S. greater rights in the Canal Zone than it wants?
4. William Crawford Gorgas gathers data on how weather and topography affect Anopheles mosquitoes that transmit malarial parasite to humans, and discovers what?
5. For American tourists crowding trains, as impressive as they find the Gatun Dam, locks, and Culebra Cut, what gives them the greatest patriotic pride?
Short Essay Questions
1. What became of Phillippee Banau-Varilla?
2. What is the focus of attention from 1907-1913?
3. What is occurring during the initial stage of U.S. efforts in Panama that culminates in a 1905 event?
4. How is it the U.S. must come to grips with Article 35 of the Bidack Treaty in regard to Panama?
5. What takes place in early 1907 that seals John Stevens' fate as chief engineer?
6. What is traffic like following opening of the canal?
7. Which of the three presidents that the Panama Canal is built under is most crucial to it?
8. What is Panama's social structure like?
9. Rather than shutting the project down, what are some of the thing implemented by the authoritative new chairman of the ICC, Theodore Perry Shonts?
10. What is the design of the largest moving part of the canal system?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Sentiment as to where to put an American canal is overwhelmingly one-sided favoring Nicaragua, until Phillippe Banau-Varilla and William Nelson Cromwell emerge on behalf of the "Panama Lobby." Comparing and contrasting the two, how are they similar and how are they different? Do they work well together, or function better separately? Who is the most effective in getting things accomplished? Do they work in a straightforward fashion toward legitimately achieving their goals or not? What is the approach each takes toward accomplishing a task?
Essay Topic 2
John Wallace is the first chief engineer for the American project at Panama. Why is he selected? What is his background? What pluses and what minus does he bring? What successes does he achieve, and what failures occur on his watch, this initial period? Why does he leave the job?
Essay Topic 3
The author notes that, despite Theodore Roosevelt's opinion to the contrary, he comes out having played a minor part in Panama's revolution. Is there any evidence of collusion or master strategy in the White House? How much knowledge does the President have as the plot unfolds? Is the President correct in his view that the Colombian position regarding the treaty is nothing but a "holdup"? Could an amicable solution have been achieved in a reasonable time period? What of the position that Roosevelt's "most important action" ensures Colombia will be financially destroyed, being stripped of what is most valuable to it?
This section contains 1,286 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)