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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The Wallace/Stevens departmental system is replaced by what?
2. What is the key to the lock enterprise?
3. How many times does Theodore Roosevelt return to Panama to see the canal?
4. The Canal Record, reliable in most respects, includes nothing about what?
5. In the fall of 1902 as discussions of Canal Zone sovereignty reach a critical point, civil war erupts on the Isthmus and Theodore Roosevelt takes what action?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the social life like in Panama for canal workers during Goethals' time?
2. What takes place in early 1907 that seals John Stevens' fate as chief engineer?
3. What is the focus of attention from 1907-1913?
4. What is historically significant for Panama about January 15, 1904?
5. What is traffic like following opening of the canal?
6. Where does David McCullough get his subtitle for Chapter 12?
7. What is it about May 4, 1904, that makes it a significant date in the history of the Canal Zone?
8. What does George Washington Goethals do after the canal is completed?
9. George Washington Goethals did not have the easy way with people as his predecessor John Stevens did, so what steps did he take for effective leadership?
10. What would be an accurate description of John Stevens, the second chief engineer in Panama?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
David McCullough reports that the second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty is the most important of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency. Why does Roosevelt disapprove of the initial treaty? How does he demonstrate his objections? Why does Roosevelt state he is "delighted" by the November 18, 1901 signing of the revised treaty?
Essay Topic 2
The cream of France's engineering programs in the 19th century reportedly looks down their noses at Americans in that field. Yet they do not adapt well in Panama as they did in Egypt ten years earlier. Why is this so? Why are they unable to habituate as the Americans eventually will later? Is it fair to attribute their difficulty to acclimatize to snobbishness as David McCullough suggests?
Essay Topic 3
In 1884, at age 26, Phillippe Banau-Varilla is put in charge of operations at the Culebra and Pacific end of the Panama Canal. When the director general and his assistant resign, Banau-Varilla becomes acting head of the Panama project until 1886. Why do they place so young an individual in such important leadership positions? What education and experience does he have? How well is he able to perform? What happens when a permanent director general arrives? Where does Banau-Varilla go?
This section contains 1,158 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)