|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The Canal Record, reliable in most respects, includes nothing about what?
2. Who orders commissaries established immediately, even if this will violate agreements with Panama?
3. In a special message to Congress on January 4, 1904, Theodore Roosevelt claims what nation violates a U.S. mandate to build the canal, the "great design" of the 1846 treaty to secure its construction?
4. John Stevens feels the Panama Canal can be completed by January 1914, but doubts a sea- level version can be prior to what year?
5. Who lives to read about the opening of the Panama Canal in their quiet retirements?
Short Essay Questions
1. On what issue in the Canal Zone does Theodore Roosevelt place his utmost priority?
2. How is it the U.S. must come to grips with Article 35 of the Bidack Treaty in regard to Panama?
3. What is historically significant for Panama about January 15, 1904?
4. Rather than shutting the project down, what are some of the thing implemented by the authoritative new chairman of the ICC, Theodore Perry Shonts?
5. George Washington Goethals did not have the easy way with people as his predecessor John Stevens did, so what steps did he take for effective leadership?
6. What is it about May 4, 1904, that makes it a significant date in the history of the Canal Zone?
7. Which of the three presidents that the Panama Canal is built under is most crucial to it?
8. What critical event can be associated with Theodore Roosevelt and the date of January 4, 1904?
9. What takes place in early 1907 that seals John Stevens' fate as chief engineer?
10. What would be an accurate description of John Stevens, the second chief engineer in Panama?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The cream of France's engineering programs in the 19th century reportedly looks down their noses at Americans in that field. Yet they do not adapt well in Panama as they did in Egypt ten years earlier. Why is this so? Why are they unable to habituate as the Americans eventually will later? Is it fair to attribute their difficulty to acclimatize to snobbishness as David McCullough suggests?
Essay Topic 2
Dr. William Crawford Gorgas is the U.S. Army's foremost expert on tropical diseases when he is assigned to Panama. Where does he receive his training and his experience? From whom does he gain cooperation at Panama, and from whom does he encounter opposition? What are his biggest medical battles? What sorts of problems and why? What successes does he achieve in Panama? How long is he assigned to Panama?
Essay Topic 3
Sentiment as to where to put an American canal is overwhelmingly one-sided favoring Nicaragua, until Phillippe Banau-Varilla and William Nelson Cromwell emerge on behalf of the "Panama Lobby." Comparing and contrasting the two, how are they similar and how are they different? Do they work well together, or function better separately? Who is the most effective in getting things accomplished? Do they work in a straightforward fashion toward legitimately achieving their goals or not? What is the approach each takes toward accomplishing a task?
This section contains 1,226 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)