|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Phillippe Banau-Varilla's Cincinnati civic speech of building a shorter, cheaper alternate to Nicaragua, glosses over mudslides, disease, his stock holdings, and adds what new theme to the debate?
2. Company physicians agree on what as the best advice regarding the maladies associated with Panama?
3. The Compagnie Universelle incorporates on March 3, 1881, with whom as officers?
4. What results from the six-month expedition led by Lieutenant Lucien Napoleon-Bonaparte Wyse that leaves France in early November of 1876?
5. In late 1879, Ferdinand de Lesseps initiates publication of what propaganda organ?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who are the three prominent directors of the Turr Syndicate and what are their backgrounds?
2. In Chapter 1 of his book, David McCullough views a number of expeditions that were made in Central America in the early 19th-century looking for the ideal route, but what did he find as common to every canal proposal?
3. What are the essential elements, pros and cons, to A.G. Menocal's canal proposal?
4. How do the French account for 1/3 of all their canal digging?
5. What transpires when newspaper headlines proclaim the "Great Canal Crash" to readers around the world?
6. Who is Rear Adm. John Grimes Walker?
7. What do you find to be Ferdinand de Lesseps' most interesting characteristic and why?
8. The chances against Panama being selected as the location for a canal over Nicaragua are reportedly 100 to 1, until what two events occur?
9. Briefly, who is Edouard Drumont?
10. What is the subtitle for Chapter 3, "Consensus of One," a reference to?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Things are not going well and Phillippe Banau-Varilla offers a solution to get out that David McCullough refers to as "ingenious." It brings tolls in and, more importantly, affords Ferdinand de Lesseps a means of honorably extracting himself. Why does he not take it? What is wrong with the suggestion? Does de Lesseps not have the authority he reflects?
Essay Topic 2
The last chief engineer is George Washington Goethals. He is a model officer of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Does he operate under a military regime approach? Does he use the methods of either John Stevens or John Wallace? What are some of the techniques he utilized to achieve success with the project itself? What approaches did he take for success with those on his payroll?
Essay Topic 3
William Nelson Cromwell locates and talks John Stevens into replacing John Wallace. What type of training, schooling, and experience does Stevens have? What successes has he enjoyed? Who is supporting him? What sort of leadership does he exercise? What takes place when he moves the engineering office to Culebra? What successes does Stevens achieve? What failures does he endure? Why is Stevens replaced?
This section contains 1,243 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)