On the Origin of Species Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. At what point is it necessary for animals to display traits that distinguish them from other organisms?
(a) As an embryo.
(b) When they must fend for themselves.
(c) During childhood.
(d) During offspring-bearing age.

2. What is one of the most serious objections to natural selection?
(a) Lack of links between species.
(b) Darwin's credibility.
(c) Age of Earth.
(d) Religious objections.

3. What can instinct be compared with?
(a) Life force.
(b) Nature.
(c) Variation.
(d) Habit.

4. What is one variation found in birds that migrate?
(a) Timing of migration.
(b) Duration of migration.
(c) Distance of migration.
(d) Location of migration.

5. What separates marine life near the equator and South America that causes vast differences in species?
(a) Atlantic Ocean.
(b) Fresh water rivers.
(c) Small strip of Panama.
(d) Peru.

Short Answer Questions

1. What animal that is alive today could be considered an intermediate species of a mammal and the mastodon?

2. What insect does Darwin offer as an example of having a naturally selected trait that is NOT beneficial?

3. What does the fossil record show about natural selection?

4. If the pistils of a flower are very long, what type of reproduction limitation may this result in?

5. What does Darwin suggest about acquired traits in parents?

Short Essay Questions

1. What undermines the belief that the infertility of species, when crossed, is the result of Divine institution?

2. How does the age of the earth play into natural selection?

3. How does natural selection explain the lack of links between generations?

4. Why can't similarities in organ structure of different species be explained as being created individually?

5. Describe the process of egg-laying of the European cuckoo.

6. How does natural selection explain the behaviors of Formica rufescens?

7. Why do rudimentary organs pose a problem for theorists that species were created independently?

8. How does Darwin explain how the same genus of species are found in different geographical regions?

9. Why does Darwin use a fish and a reptile as comparisons?

10. Why do scientists have difficulty determining the effects of two distinct species breeding?

(see the answer keys)

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