On the Origin of Species Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When is the only time a rational conclusion can be reached on a theory?
(a) After a committee discussion and agreement.
(b) When both sides have been considered.
(c) You can never draw a conclusion in science.
(d) When one side comes up with more proof.

2. What does natural selection favor in terms of increasing population?
(a) Traits that do not lead to reproduction.
(b) Traits that lead to reproduction.
(c) Traits that lead to strength.
(d) Traits that lead to sterility.

3. Why would one organism be able to survive in a climate that another could not?
(a) It has thicker skin.
(b) It has more fur.
(c) It is maladapted.
(d) It is better adapted.

4. What classification has a large number of species?
(a) Colony.
(b) Organism.
(c) Flora.
(d) Genera.

5. What is the difference between the two types of variations discussed in Chapter 1: Variation Under Domestication?
(a) The species that variations happen to.
(b) Degree of variation.
(c) The area affected by the variation.
(d) Location of variation.

Short Answer Questions

1. What do naturalists call a situation where a child takes on characteristics NOT shared by the parents?

2. What tends to occur in large groups of genera?

3. What type of relationship do organisms have with one another?

4. What happens when two species from different climates interbreed?

5. What do scientists attribute to organs that cannot be explained by natural selection?

Short Essay Questions

1. How do variations occur in the wild?

2. How does the growth of a population work?

3. Why would natural selection be considered counter-intuitive?

4. What was Darwin's specific interest in the living species?

5. Why isn't it safe to assume that regions that are physically connected in the present day were connected in the past?

6. Why is natural selection much broader than domestic selection by humans?

7. Why is the eye used as an example of an organ too complex to be explained by natural selection?

8. What must be examined in order for Darwin's theory to be considered plausible?

9. Why would, on some islands, nature select for beetles that do not fly?

10. What is the importance of indefinite variations?

(see the answer keys)

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