On the Origin of Species Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the best example of traits that continue to vary?
(a) Migration characteristics.
(b) Mating habits.
(c) Primary sexual characteristics.
(d) Secondary sexual characteristics.

2. What is one geographical change that affects islands and continents?
(a) Animal variations.
(b) Rainfall changes.
(c) Climate changes.
(d) Sea level changes.

3. With respect to breeders, what leads to the development of different varieties of species when breeding?
(a) Natural selection.
(b) Genetic selection.
(c) Purposeful selection.
(d) Accidental selection.

4. What other actions do birds use their wings for?
(a) Running.
(b) Cleaning.
(c) Swimming.
(d) Mating.

5. Who is one individual that Darwin mentions as helping him in every way prior to the publication of The Origin of Species?
(a) Dr. Lovette.
(b) Edward Forbes.
(c) Dr. Hooker.
(d) Rev. W. Horbert.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is one way to observe the change in a species in a controlled environment?

2. What happens when two species from different climates interbreed?

3. What is unique about white cats with blue eyes?

4. What do naturalists call a situation where a child takes on characteristics NOT shared by the parents?

5. In extreme environments, what are species in competition with?

Short Essay Questions

1. What factors contribute to the slowdown in reproduction in a species?

2. What is the importance of indefinite variations?

3. Why isn't it safe to assume that regions that are physically connected in the present day were connected in the past?

4. Why is a flying mammal such as a bat difficult to explain through natural selection?

5. How does natural selection explain why organisms pair with other organisms?

6. Why does Darwin feel the distinction between species variations is arbitrary?

7. Why would natural selection be considered counter-intuitive?

8. Why is the eye used as an example of an organ too complex to be explained by natural selection?

9. What must be examined in order for Darwin's theory to be considered plausible?

10. What are four objections raised to the theory of natural selection?

(see the answer keys)

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