|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What separates marine life near the equator and South America that causes vast differences in species?
(b) Small strip of Panama.
(c) Atlantic Ocean.
(d) Fresh water rivers.
2. What is on the seeds of plants that helps them reproduce?
3. What do many organisms of oceanic islands resemble?
(b) Each other.
(c) Sea creatures.
(d) Species of the closest land mass.
4. Which of the following refers to organs that serve no purpose?
(a) Rudimentary organs.
(b) Homologous organs.
(c) Extra organs.
(d) Dead organs.
5. Organisms in which regions experience less competition?
(a) Small islands.
(b) Mountain ranges.
(c) Polar ice caps.
6. What is one of the most serious objections to natural selection?
(a) Lack of links between species.
(b) Darwin's credibility.
(c) Religious objections.
(d) Age of Earth.
7. What is NOT sufficient to account for differences in organisms in different regions?
(a) Food supply.
(b) Natural selection.
(d) Differences in climate and terrain.
8. What does the fossil record show about new species?
(a) They are different species.
(b) They did exist in ancient times.
(c) They did not exist in ancient times.
(d) They are variations of fossils.
9. What do some geologists suggest about islands in the Atlantic and the continent of Europe?
(a) They have the same species.
(b) They were once connected.
(c) The species are completely different from one another.
(d) They have the same climate.
10. What does the bone structure of the human hand resemble?
(a) Paw of a dog.
(b) Wing of a bat.
(c) Hoof of a horse.
(d) Fin of a fish.
11. How do some scientists demonstrate the differences between species and variations?
(a) Scientific method.
(b) Through hybrids.
(c) Natural breeding.
(d) Fossil records.
12. In Chapter 8, according to Darwin's example, what domesticated variety is NOT able to reproduce?
13. Where is much of the evidence proving natural selection found?
(a) New generations.
(b) Ancient generations.
(c) Fossil records.
(d) Geological records.
14. What animal that is alive today could be considered an intermediate species of a mammal and the mastodon?
15. What do species found on islands do for the theory of natural selection?
(a) Increase classifications.
(b) Refute it.
(c) Increase its complexity.
(d) Support it.
Short Answer Questions
1. What period in time can explain many migrations due to climate change?
2. If natural selection is accepted, what is rejected?
3. How do biologists classify organisms?
4. What happens to the offspring when two of the same distinct species interbreed?
5. What type of organisms will not fossilize?
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