|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In what case in 1985 did the Court rule that racially biased strikes violate the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment?
2. What sociologist is cited as saying in Chapter 4: "The Cruel Hand" that those sent to prison "are institutionally branded as a particular class of individuals"?
3. Where was Clinton Drake arrested for possession of marijuana?
4. Where was Ora Lee Hurley imprisoned?
5. What organization did Dorsey Nunn co-found?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the significance of the Supreme Court decision in McCleskey v. Kemp?
2. How does the author describe the circumstances of Emma Faye Stewart's arrest in Chapter 3: "The Color of Justice"?
3. What are the historical parallels between Jim Crow and mass incarceration that the author explores in Chapter 5: "The New Jim Crow"?
4. What circumstances led to Clinton Drake's inability to vote?
5. How does the author compare the circumstances of a freed prisoner to those of a black person living in Mississippi at the height of Jim Crow in Chapter 4: "The Cruel Hand"?
6. What is noted about Frederick Douglass's speech at the National Colored Convention in 1853 in Chapter 4: "The Cruel Hand"?
7. What was determined in the Supreme Court case of Rucker v. Davis?
8. What does the author mean when she refers to "second-class citizens" in the book?
9. How does political disenfranchisement apply to Jim Crow and mass incarceration, according to the author in Chapter 5: "The New Jim Crow"?
10. What is the Baldus study? What were the conclusions of the study?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the disparities between white and African American populations in the U.S. penal system. How have prison populations changed from the 1970s to today? How have the statistics changed regarding African Americans in the criminal justice system?
Essay Topic 2
What are Jim Crow laws? When were these laws established? Where were they established? What were the repercussions of the Jim Crow laws?
Essay Topic 3
Discuss "pretext stops" and "stop and frisk" policies as they relate to the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution. How have these policies been employed? What rulings have addressed their constitutionality? What purpose do these policies serve?
This section contains 825 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)