Short Essay Questions Key
1. How does the author describe the English identity of the colonists in 1676 in the Prologue of The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity?
In 1676, King Philip's War was almost over. The English had united with several Indian tribes to fight several others who wished to eliminate the English colonies from the present-day area of New England. But the "savagery" of the Indians threatened English identity, since the Puritan settlers considered themselves civilized Englishmen despite having left England.
2. What did the author write of the changing Puritan population and identity in the 1630s and 1640s in the Prologue?
Many Puritans left New England in the 1630s and 1640s though some stayed on, and it was unclear what they would become, because they were closer in proximity to the Indians than to the English. The Puritans had wanted to build a "city on a hill" but seemed to have degenerated in the 1670s, as church membership and attendance dwindled.
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