|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is an important benefit of the Asian pictograph languages?
2. Which part of Spain often engages in violence to protect its language?
3. According to the author, some words are formed out of __________________.
4. Why could the Neanderthals not keep up with the Cro-Magnons?
5. How do some linguists think that children learn their languages?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why is learning the English language considered a large industry in the world?
2. What two religious scholars are responsible for documenting language in England?
3. What seems to be a long-term benefit of a phonetic system as opposed to a pictograph system?
4. Explain how the language of one people can can change over time.
5. Explain the impact of the invasion of the Normans in England.
6. What is Noam Chomsky's position on how children learn language?
7. How was the Cro-Magnon man able to supersede the Neanderthal man in human development?
8. Explain what the author means by the creation of language areas.
9. In what way does the author think varieties of English are influenced by social reasons?
10. What irony does the author point out in Americans emulating British English?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Building on language foundations, human speech spread throughout the world. Explain some of the commonalities and distinctions that mark the evolution of the English language.
Essay Topic 2
Explain at least three of the ways that new words are created in the English language. Be sure to take into account historic creations as well as modern methods.
Essay Topic 3
Explain the Great Vowel Shift. Where did it occur? When did it occur? What was its purpose? What was the outcome?
This section contains 856 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)